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Oenopion

(93 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Οἰνοπίων; Oinopíōn). Son of Dionysus and Ariadne (also son of Rhadamanthys: Diod. Sic. 5,79; Paus. 7,4,8f.), husband of the nymph Helice, and with her the father of Merope [2] (also husband of Merope: Pind. fr. 72 M.). When  Orion [1] rapes O.'s daughter Merope, O. blinds him; when Orion is healed and returns for revenge, he cannot find O., who is hiding underground (Eratosth. Katasterismoi 32; Hyg. Poet. Astr. 2,34; Hes. fr. 148a M.-W.). For other variants cf. Apollod. 1,25f.; Parthenius 20; Serv. Aen. 1,535; 10,763. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Manto

(155 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Μαντώ; Mantṓ). Daughter of Teiresias, from Thebes, like her father gifted as a seer, priestess of Apollo Ismenios (Eur. Phoen. 834ff.). When the Epigoni [2] conquer Thebes, M. is consecrated to Apollo at Delphi (Apollod. 3,85; Paus. 9,33,2; schol. Apoll. Rhod. 1,308). Diod. Sic. 4,66,5f. calls her Daphne [2], and describes her as an excellent poet, from whom even Homer took some verses. Later, M. participates in the founding of the colony of Colophon [1] in Asia Minor (with the or…

Mentes

(71 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Μέντης; Méntēs). [German version] [1] Ciconian leader in the Trojan War Mythical commander of the Cicones in the Trojan War. Apollo assumes his guise to spur Hector on to battle (Hom. Il. 17,13). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [German version] [2] Prince of the Taphians in the Trojan War Mythical Prince of the Taphiae. Athena assumes his guise to appear to Telemachus (Hom. Od. 1,105; 1,180; Mentor [2]). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Peisidice

(103 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Πεισιδίκη; Peisidíkē). [German version] [1] Name of various mythical figures Name of various mythical figures: daughter of Aeolus [1], wife of Myrmidon (Apollod. 1,51f.), daughter of Nestor [1] ( ibid. 1,94), daughter of Pelias ( ibid. 1,95; Hyg. Fab. 24). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [German version] [2] Daughter of King Lepethymnus of Methymna Daughter of King Lepethymnus of Methymna; love prompted her to betray her home city to its besieger, Achilles [1], but she was stoned to death for this on his orders (Parthenius 21). The same story is also told o…

Oeonus

(75 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Οἰωνός; Oiōnós). Son of Licymnius [1], from Midea in the Argolid, companion of Heracles [1], first winner of a race in the Olympic games (Pind. Ol. 10,64ff. with schol.); he was slain in Sparta by the sons of Hippocoon because he had killed their dog; a grave of O. was shown there (Apollod. 2,143f.; Paus. 3,15,3ff.). O.' death is considered the reason for Heracles' fight against the Hippocoontids. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Salmoneus

(238 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Σαλμωνεύς/ Salmōneús). Son of Aeolus [1], brother of Athamas, Sisyphus and Cretheus. S. had delusions of grandeur and endeavoured to have himself worshipped as Zeus, driving around on a chariot drawn by horses, producing artificial lightning flashes and making bronzen cauldrons resound to give the impression of thunder. Zeus flung him into Tartarus. S.' daughter Tyro distanced herself from her father, was spared and married Cretheus (Hes. fr. 10a, 25-27 M.-W.; fr. 30,1-30 M.-W.; A…

Phoroneus

(109 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Φορωνεύς; Phorōneús). Son of Alpheius [2], ancestor of the Pelasgian race (in contrast to the more recent Hellenic race, whose ancestor is Deucalion) and hence the 'first man' (Akusilaos FGrH 2 F 23a; Hes. fr. 122 M.-W.; Hellanikos FGrH 4 F 1; Hyg. Fab. 143 and 274) [1. 84]. Like Prometheus he was the inventor of fire (Paus. 2,19,5), bringer of culture, and judge in the dispute over Argos between Poseidon and Athena (Paus. 2,15,5). He is the subject of the epic Phorōnís ( c. 600 BC) [2; 3; 4]. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) Bibliography 1 Preller/Robert 2 PEG I, 118-121 3 EpGF, 153-155 4…

Phalantus

(123 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Φάλανθος/ Phálanthos; Lat. Phalant[h]us). Mythological founder of Taranto (Taras; Antiochus of Syracuse FGrH 555 F 13; Ephorus FGrH 70 F 216; Paus. 10,10,6-8 and elsewhere). According to Antiochus l.c., P. founded Taranto as a result of the instruction by the oracle of Delphi after an uprising by the Parthenians, led by him, against Sparta during the first Messenian War had failed; according to Ephorus l.c., the Spartans persuaded the Parthenians to emigrate. However, according to Paus. l.c., Taranto already existed. Apart from that, Paus. 10,13,3 report…

Oebalus

(107 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Οἴβαλος/ Oíbalos, Latin Oebalus). [German version] [1] Spartan king Mythical king of Sparta, son of Cynortas or his son Perieres, husband of Perseus's daughter Gorgophone; she, or the Naiad Batea, is the mother of their children Tyndareos,  Hippocoon and Icarius [1] (various versions in Apollod. 3,116f.; Paus. 3,1,3ff.; schol. Eur. Or. 457 et al.) [1]. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [German version] [2] Italic hero Italic hero, son of king Telon of the Teleboae and the nymph Sebethis; mythical ruler of Capreae; ally of Turnus against Aeneas [1] (Verg. Aen. 7,733ff. w…

Pierus

(146 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Πίερος; Píeros). [German version] [1] Eponym of the Macedonian region Pieria Eponym of the Macedonian region Pieria (Pierides), son of Macedon [1] (Schol. Hom. Il. 14,226). His association with the Muses is evident from alternative genealogies: son of Linus (Suda s.v. Ὅμηρος; Certamen Homeri et Hesiodi 47), father of Oeagrus and Calliope [1] (l.c.; Paus. 9,30,4; Suda l.c.). The first to write poetry to the Muses (Plut. De musica 3), he introduced the cult of the nine Muses to Thespiae (Thespia) (Paus. 9,2…

Phthonos

(54 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (φθόνος/ phthónos, Latin invidia). 'Envy, jealousy', particularly what was known as phthónos theôn, the 'jealousy of the gods', which is directed against humans who aspire to transgress the boundaries with the divine (Hybris); (cf. Hdt. 1,32; 3,40 etc.); as a personification P. appears in Eur. Tro. 768 etc. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Navius Attus

(117 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (also Atius Navius). Legendary Roman augur ( augures ) from the period of the monarchy (Cic. Att. 10,8,6), at the time of Tarquinius Priscus (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 30,70,1). He opposed an attempt to amend the centuriate system (Cic. Rep. 2,36). So as to discredit NA, Tarquinius is said to have tasked him with predicting from the flight of birds whether his plan was feasible. When NA confirmed that it was, Tarquinius ordered him to cut through a stone with a knife, and NA succeeded in doing so (Liv. 1,36,4; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom 3,71,2ff.; cf. also Cic. Div. 1,32). Käppel, Lutz (Kie…

Polytechnos

(103 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Πολύτεχνος; Polýtechnos). In Antoninus Liberalis 11 (after Boeus, Ornithogonia) the husband of Aedon and father of Itys. In revenge for the violation of her sister Chelidonis by P., Aedon kills their son Itys and serves him for P. to eat. In the end all participants are turned into birds, P. into a woodpecker [1. 87-89]. This is probably the purest form of ancient bird tale, which ultimately found its canonical form with  Tereus, Procne and Philomele (Ov. Met. 6,412-674) [2. 115-119]. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) Bibliography 1 M. Papathemopoulos (ed.), Antoninus Liberal…

Mulius

(63 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Μούλιος; Moúlios). [German version] [1] Son-in-law of Augeias of Elis, son-in-law of Augeias, to whose daughter Agamede he is married; he is killed by Nestor (Hom. Il. 11,738ff.). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [German version] [2] Herald of Penelope's suitor Amphinomus Herald of Penelope's suitor Amphinomus of Dulichium; he serves the suitors in the house of Odysseus (Hom. Od. 18,423). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Ploutos

(339 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Πλοῦτος/ Ploûtos). Personification of wealth, esp. the wealth of the harvest (cf. also Abundantia, Consus, Copia, Ops [3]). Son of Demeter and Iasion (Hes. Theog. 969-974), conceived in Crete (Hom. Od. 5,125-128). P. assures those who meet him of prosperity. The reference to him in H. Hom. ad Cererem 483-489 is evidence of his prominent role in the Mysteria of Eleusis [1]: after handing over the mysteries to humans, Demeter and her daughter Kore retire to Olympus, sending P. to those they love, to whom he brings blessings and affluence ( ibid. 488f.), apparently in rew…

Oeneus

(116 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Οἰνεύς/ Oineús). Mythological king of Calydon [3], son of Porthaon (Hom. Il. 14,115ff.) and Euryte (Apollod. 1,63; the whole family tree in Apollod. 1,64); children: Toxeus, Meleager [1], Deianira, Gorge (through the latter, O. was father of Tydeus). He was ousted by his brother Agrius [1]. Originally, O. may have been a wine god common to all Greeks, later replaced by Dionysus. He was often depicted in vase pictures as a wine god [1]. Numerous tragedians wrote (lost) tragedies entitled O. [2]. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) Bibliography 1 E. Stasinopoulou-Kakarouga, s.v. O. …

Ocrisia

(133 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Ὀκρησία/ Okrēsía; Ocresia). Aristocratic young woman from the town of Corniculum, which had been conquered by the Romans; mother of the Roman king Servius Tullius, whom she conceived from a phallus that had miraculously appeared from the fireside of Tarquinius (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 4,2; Plut. De fortuna Romanorum 10,323a-d; Ov. Fast. 6,627-636; Plin. HN 36,204; Arnob. 5,18). In Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 4,1 and Liv. 1,39,5 this myth is rationalized: O. conceived her son before the town …

Medusa

(31 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Μέδουσα; Médousa). Mythological monster, one of the three Gorgons (see Gorgo [1]): M. is mortal, whereas her two sisters Sthenno and Euryale are immortal. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Pholus

(70 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Φόλος, Latin Pholus). One of the Centaurs, son of Silenus (Silens) and a Nymph. When Heracles [1] is being entertained with wine by P., the other Centaurs attack them; Heracles repels them with poisoned arrows, by which P. is also wounded and he dies (Stesich. PMGF S 19 = 181 p. 162; Theoc. 7,149; Diod. Sic. 4,12,3ff.; Verg. G. 2,456; Verg. Aen. 8,294). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Erythraean paean

(87 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] A  paean to  Asclepius in dactyls preserved in an inscription from Erythrae [2] ( c. 380-360 BC), sung by the community during the sacrifice in the Asclepius cult as an appeal for good health; the inscription contains three other paeans with cult directions. Probably composed as early as the 5th cent. BC, the paean remained popular (numerous inscriptions) in many places until the Imperial period.  Metre Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) Bibliography F. Graf, Nordion. Kulte, 1985, 250-257 L. Käppel, Paian, 1992, 189-200; 370-374 (with text, translation, bibliography).

Metis

(354 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Μῆτις/ mêtis, literally ‘cleverness’, ‘clever advice’). M. first appears as an attribute of Zeus ( Mētíeta‘ gifted with wisdom’, e.g. Hom. Il. 1,175 etc.) and is personified as a goddess for the first time in Hes. Theog. 358 as one of the daughters of Oceanus. She becomes the first wife of Zeus (ibid. 886ff.). But Gaia and Uranus warn Zeus that M. will bear dangerously clever children and advise him to swallow her. By doing this he prevents the birth of a son, but not the birth of Athena, who u…

Uranus

(418 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Οὐρανός, Lat. Uranus). Divine personification of the sky, treated by Hesiodus (Theog. 126-128) as a mythical figure. U. is born of Gaia, the earth, without the contribution of a father, 'so that he may wrap her up and the gods have a permanent seat in him' (ibid.). After that, U. begets the Uraniones with Gaia (ibid. 424; 486), namely the Titans, including Kronos, Zeus' father. As a result, U. is the progenitor of the gods (ibid. 44 f.; 105 f.). The Cyclopes and the Hekatoncheires …

Dionysodotus

(35 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] From Sparta, presumably 6th cent. BC. Author of  paeans, which were performed at the Gymnopaedia together with the songs of  Thaletas and  Alcman (Sosibius FGrHist 595 F 5). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Peitho

(235 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Πειθώ; Peithṓ). Greek personification of 'persuasion', especially of erotic persuasion, hence a frequent epithet of Aphrodite. Daughter of Oceanus, spouse of Phoroneus or of Argus [I 1] (Hes. Theog. 349; schol. Eur. Phoen. 1116; schol. Eur. Or. 1239). Although unknown in Homer's work, P. appears in Hesiod's writings (Hes. Erg. 73; Hes. Theog. 573) during the making of Pandora together with the Charites. Sappho fr. 200 V. makes her one of the Charites, Aeschylus makes her daughter …

Paean

(1,081 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Doric, later generally widespread Παιάν/ Paián; epic Παιήων/ Paiḗōn; Ionic-Attic Παιών/ Paiṓn; Aeolian Πάων/ Páōn; Lat. paean). Term for a Greek song genre as well as a god, later an epithet for various gods. The etymology of the word is obscure [1; 2; 3]. Modern treatises on the song genre paean usually make the identity of the name for the song and the god the starting-point of their considerations. Either the god was a personification of the call [4; 5] drawn from the impersonal cry ἰὴ παιάν ( iḕ paián) or there was originally a god Paean to whom the cry ἰὴ Παιάν ( iḕ Paián) was …

Mysius

(64 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Μύσιος/ Mýsios). Mythical Argive who received the goddess Demeter as a guest and was said to have erected a temple in her honour on the road from Argos to Mycene (Paus. 2,35,4). A festival held in Demeter's grove near Pellene, the Mysaeum, was also founded by him: the so-called Mysia (Paus. 7,27,9, cf. 2,18,3) [1]. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) Bibliography 1 Nilsson, Feste, 327.

Pontos

(37 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Πόντος; Póntos). Greek personification of the sea (cf. Oceanus, Uranus), born of Ge/Gaia without spouse (Hes. Theog. 132); with her, P. fathered Ceto, Eurybia, Nereus, Phorcys and Thaumas (ibid. 233-239). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Melicertes

(104 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Μελικέρτης; Melikértēs). Mythical son of Athamas and Ino. Threatened by Athamas, Ino jumps with M. from a cliff into the sea (Eur. Med. 1284 ff.; Ov. Met. 4,48 1 ff.; schol. Lycophr. 229). She becomes Leucothea, M. Palaemon. Sisyphos, king of Corinth, finds his body at the Isthmus of Corinth and buries him. Leucothea and Palaemon are henceforth regarded as saviours for those in distress at sea. In Corinth, M./Palaemon was worshipped in cult; the Isthmian Games ( Isthmia) were supposedly founded for him (Paus. 2,1,3). It is doubtful whether M. is the Greek form of Melqart. Kä…

Phemius

(46 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Φήμιος/ Phḗmios). Mythical singer (next to Demodocus [1]) on Ithaca, son of Terpius. He sang to Penelope's suitors, among other things, about the returning home of the Greeks from Troy (Nostoi, Epic cycle); Odysseus spared him (Hom. Od. 22,330-380). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Mixoparthenos

(41 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Μ(ε)ιξοπάρθενος; M(e)ixopárthenos). Mythical mixed creature: half girl, half snake, identical to Echidna. Apart from that, M. is also used as an epithet of the Sphinx (Eur. Phoen. 1023; Hdt. 4,9,1) and Scylla (Lykophr. 669). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Perimele

(56 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Περιμήλη/ Perimḗlē). [German version] [1] Daughter of Admetus Daughter of Admetus, mother of Magnes, the eponym of the region of Magnesia (Antoninus Liberalis 23; schol. Eur. Alc. 269). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [German version] [2] Daughter of Amythaon Daughter of Amythaon, mother of Ixion (Diod. Sic. 4,69; schol. Pind. Pyth. 2,39 Drachmann). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Perigune

(59 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Περιγούνη; Perigoúnē). Daughter of Sinis, who was struck dead by  Theseus; with the latter, mother of Melanippus [3]. Later she became the wife of Deioneus, the son of Eurytus [1] of Oechalia, and with him the mother of Nisus [1] of Megara (Plut. Theseus 8, p. 4c-d; Athen. 13,557a; Hyg. Fab. 198,1). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Naoclus

(24 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Νάοκλος; Náoklos). Son of Codrus, led Athenian emigrants to Teos (Paus. 7,3,6). Str. 14,1,3 calls him Nauclus. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Pandocus

(74 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Πάνδοκος; Pándokos). [German version] [1] Trojan Trojan, wounded by the Telamonian Aias [1] (Hom. Il. 11,490). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [German version] [2] Father of Palaestra Father of Palaestra who was loved by Hermes. P. lived at a crossroads and killed the wanderers staying with him, for which he was killed by Hermes at Palaestra's request. The guesthouses are called after him pandokeîa ('accepting everyone'; Serv. Aen. 8,138; EM 647,56). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Oicles

(69 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[German version] (Ὀϊκλῆς/ Oïklês, Οἰκλῆς/ Oiklês). Mythical seer from Argus, grandson of Melampus [1], son of Antiphates or Mantius, husband of Hypermestra [2], father of Amphiaraus and Iphianira (cf. Hom. Od. 15,241ff.; Pind. Pyth. 8,39; Diod. Sic. 4,68,4f.). O. took part in Heracles' [1] campaign against Troy (Apollod. 2,134; Hom. Od. 15,243); his grave is supposed to have been in Arcadia (Paus. 8,36,6; Apollod. 3,87). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Phronime

(97 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[English version] (Φρονίμη). Tochter des Etearchos, des myth. Königs von Oaxos auf Kreta, und dessen erster Frau; Mutter des Battos [1], des myth. Gründers von Kyrene. Hdt. 4,154f. erzählt ihre Gesch. offenbar nach kyrenischer Quelle: Auf eine Verleumdung von Etearchos' zweiter Frau hin übergibt dieser seine Tochter dem Kaufmann Themison, damit er sie ertränke. Dieser wirft sie zwar gemäß seinem Versprechen ins Wasser, zieht sie aber wieder heraus. In Thera nimmt Polymnestos sie zur Nebenfrau, dem sie Battos gebiert. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) Bibliography W. Aly, Volksmärchen, Sage u…

Philodamos

(216 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[English version] (Φιλόδαμος). Chorlyrischer Dichter aus Skarpheia. Er verfaßte einen inschr. überl. Paian an Dionysos, der bei den Theoxenia in Delphoi im J. 340/339 v.Chr. aufgeführt wurde. Er und seine Familie erhielten dafür eine Fülle von Privilegien in Delphoi. Das Gedicht scheint eine wichtige Funktion in der Neudefinition des Dionysos in Delphoi als eines “zweiten Apollon” gespielt zu haben. Stufenweise gleicht sich die Darstellung des Dionysos dem traditionellen Apollon-Bild an: apollinisch stilisierte Geburtsgeschichte, Musikalität, Sotḗr-/Heiler-Kompetenzen…

Phaiakes

(416 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[English version] (Φαίακες, lat. Phaeaces, die Phäaken). Myth. Seefahrervolk, beherrscht von König Alkinoos [1] (zusammen mit 12 anderen “Königen”) und dessen Gattin Arete [1]. Die Ph. wohnen auf der Insel Scherië, wohin sie von Nausithoos [1] aus Hypereia geführt worden sind (Hom. Od. 6,5; 7,58). Eine ausführliche Schilderung der Ph. findet sich in Hom. Od. Buch 6-8 und 13. Die Ph. nehmen Odysseus gastlich auf, nachdem ihn die Königstochter Nausikaa als Schiffbrüchigen am Strand aufgelesen hat. Sie…

Ophion

(106 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Ὀφίων). [English version] [1] erster Weltherrscher auch Ophioneus (Pherekydes von Syros 7 B 4 Diels/ Kranz). Erster Weltherrscher, von Kronos gestürzt (Apoll. Rhod. 1,503-506), Gatte der Eurynome [1], von schol. Lykophr. 1191 als Titane bezeichnet, von Nonn. Dion. 41,352 mit Uranos gleichgesetzt. Die Vorstellung einer Schlange ( óphis) als Weltherrscher geht vielleicht auf orphische (Orphik) oder oriental. Vorstellungen zurück [1]. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [2] Gigant in Schlangengestalt Gigant in Schlangengestalt, von Zeus im Kampf gegen die Gigante…

Nasamon

(36 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[English version] (Νασάμων). Sohn des Amphithemis (Garamas nach Apoll. Rhod. 4,1492) und der Nymphe Tritonis, Urenkel des Minos. N. ist Stammvater und Eponym der Nasamones in Libyen (schol. Apoll. Rhod. 4,1322). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Orsilochos

(88 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Ὀρσίλοχος). [English version] [1] König von Pherai Myth. König von Pherai, Sohn des Flußgottes Alpheios und der Telegone, Vater des Diokles [2]. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [2] Troiakämpfer Sohn des Diokles [2], Troia-Kämpfer, von Aineias [1] getötet (Hom. Il. 5,541ff.). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [3] Troianer, von Teukros getötet Troer, von Teukros getötet (Hom. Il. 8,274). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [4] Troianer im Gefolge des Aineias Troer im Gefolge des Aineias [1], von Camilla getötet (Verg. Aen. 11,636, 690, 694). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Erythräischer Paian

(79 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[English version] In einer Inschr. von Erythrai [2] (ca. 380-360 v.Chr.) erh. Paian an Asklepios in Daktylen, der von der Gemeinde beim Opfer im Asklepioskult gesungen wurde und um Gesundheit bat; die Inschr. enthält drei weitere Paiane mit Kultanweisungen. Gedichtet wohl schon im 5. Jh. v.Chr., blieb der Paian bis in die Kaiserzeit vielerorts beliebt (zahlreiche Inschr.). Chorlyrik Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) Bibliography F. Graf, Nordion. Kulte, 1985, 250-257 L. Käppel, Paian, 1992, 189-200; 370-374 (mit Text, Übers., Lit.).

Perigune

(53 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[English version] (Περιγούνη). Tochter des Sinis, der von Theseus erschlagen wird; von diesem Mutter des Melanippos [3]. Später wird sie Gattin des Deioneus, des Sohns des Eurytos [1] von Oichalia, von diesem Mutter des Nisos [1] von Megara (Plut. Theseus 8, p. 4c-d; Athen. 13,557a; Hyg. fab. 198,1). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Nanas, Nanos

(102 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Νάνας, Νάνος). [English version] [1] Myth. Anführer der Pelasger Myth. Anführer der Pelasger bei der Auswanderung nach Italien (Hellanikos FGrH 323a F 4; Hdt. 1,57). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [2] Beiname des Odysseus Es gab eine Prophezeiung, daß Odysseus als N. mit Aineias [1] in Italien Waffenbrüderschaft schließen werde (Lykophr. 1242ff.; vgl. Dion. Hal. ant. 1,72,2; 12,16); zu Odysseus' Italienfahrt vgl. Hom. Od. 11,119ff.; Hes. theog. 1105 mit Komm. West. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [3] König der Segobrigii Myth. König der Segobrigii (Pomp. Trog.…

Nyktimene

(42 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[English version] (Νυκτιμένη). Tochter des Epopeus, des myth. Königs von Lesbos; sie wird nach ihrer Verführung des Vaters (oder der Vergewaltigung durch den Vater) von Athene in eine Eule verwandelt (Ov. met. 2,590ff.; Hyg. fab. 204; 253). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Periklymenos

(97 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Περικλύμενος, lat. Periclymenus). [English version] [1] Beiname des Pluton Beiname des Pluton (Hesych. s.v. Π.). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [2] Sohn des Poseidon Sohn des Poseidon. Im Krieg der Sieben gegen Theben tötet er Parthenopaios (Eur. Phoen. 1156ff.; Apollod. 3,75). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [3] Sohn des Neleus und der Chloris Sohn des Neleus [1] und der Chloris [4] (Hom. Od. 11,281ff.). Teilnehmer am Zug der Argonautai (Apoll. Rhod. 1,56ff.) Trotz seiner Verwandlungsfähigkeit von Herakles [1] getötet (Ov. met. 12,5…

Dionysodotos

(34 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[English version] Aus Sparta, vermutlich 6. Jh.v.Chr. Dichter von Paianen, die bei den Gymnopaidien neben den Liedern des Thaletas und des Alkman aufgeführt wurden (Sosibios FGrHist 595 F 5). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Oikles

(67 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[English version] (Ὀϊκλῆς, Οἰκλῆς). Myth. Seher aus Argos, Enkel des Melampus [1], Sohn des Antiphates oder des Mantios, Gatte der Hypermestra [2], Vater des Amphiaraos und der Iphianeira (vgl. Hom. Od. 15,241ff.; Pind. P. 8,39; Diod. 4,68,4f.). Teilnehmer am Zug des Herakles [1] gegen Troia (Apollod. 2,134; Hom. Od. 15,243); sein Grab soll sich in Arkadien befunden haben (Paus. 8,36,6; Apollod. 3,87). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)

Rhea Silvia

(314 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
[English version] (auch Rea Silvia). Dichterisch auch Ilía (zur Identität beider: Dion. Hal. ant. 1,76,3 u. a.), Mutter von Romulus [1] und Remus. Erstmals ist sie erwähnt bei Naevius (vgl. Serv. Aen. 1,273; 6,777) und bei Ennius (ann. 29,34-50), offenbar als Tochter des Aineias [1]. Spätere Quellen weisen sie jedoch als Tochter des Numitor aus und rücken die Gründung Roms damit mehrere Generationen von Aineias und dem Untergang Troias weg. Die Vulgata des Mythos ist im wesentlichen bei Dion. Hal. ant.…

Munichos, Munitos

(130 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel)
(Μούνυχος, Μούνιχος, auch Μόνιχος/Monichos, Μούνιτος). [English version] [1] Heros von Attika Heros von Attika, Sohn des Pantades, Eponym des Hafens Munichia im Peiraieus (Eur. Hipp. 761-763). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [2] Sohn des Akamas und der Priamostochter Laodike [I1] M. (Munitos): Sohn des Akamas und der Priamostochter Laodike [I 1], aufgezogen von seiner Großmutter Aithra; starb nach dem Fall Troias an einem Schlangenbiß (Euphorion fr. 58 Powell), vielleicht identisch mit M. [1]. Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [3] König der Molosser Spätere Quellen…
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