[German version] (νεώρια/
neṓria, neut. pl.; Lat.
navalia, neut. pl.). There is no evidence of dockyards as permanent structural establishment for shipbuilding in the early Greek period; shipbuilding took place as a specialized part of the
materiatio at places chosen on an
ad hoc basis in each case close to coasts or harbours (Pylos ; cf. Hom. Od. 6,263-272). At the latest since the early 6th cent. BC, as a feature of the autonomy of the Greek polis, dockyards were part of the infrastructure of the navy ( navies) in the same way as boat sheds and storehouses for rigging ( skeuotheke). To what extent these dockyards were of military character or served for the construction and maintenance of civilian ships is unclear; designating remains of structures as ‘dockyards’ (e.g. in Oeniadae , Gytheum, Syracusae: see Addenda, Thurii) is often uncertain. In the Peloponnesian War dockyards were a prime target for naval attacks . Destroying them caused great damage to an opponent; the timber store, which was an essential component of a dock…