, Sāʾid (a., pls.
sādāt , abstract nouns
suʾdad , etc.), originally, chief, e.g. of an Arabian tribe, and then, in Islamic times, a title of honour for descendants of the Prophet Muḥammad, being in this respect in many ways coterminous with the term
Sayyid was used in ancient South Arabian, where it appears as
wd “chieftain” (A.F.L. Beeston, etc., ¶
dictionary, Louvain-Beirut 1982, 129), but the root seems to be largely absent from North-Western Semitic, being only dubiously attested in Elephantine Aramaic (J. Hoftijzer and K. Jongeling,