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Marḳiyūniyya

(1,073 words)

Author(s): de Blois, F.C.
, nom arabe désignant les Marcionites, important courant non monothéiste du début du Christianisme. Marcion (Μαρκιων; ar. Marḳiyūn) naquit à Sinope [voir Sīnūb] sur la Mer Noire; il arriva à Rome en 138 ap. J.-C. (ou un peu plus tard) et enseigna dans la communauté chrétienne de la capitale impériale. La doctrine de Marcion disait que le dieu décrit dans l’Ancien Testament (le créateur, ou dieu de justice) est différent du dieu décrit dans le Nouveau Testament (l’étranger, ou dieu d’amour), père du Christ, et que les…

Mud̲j̲īr al-Dīn Baylaḳānī

(391 words)

Author(s): de Blois, F.C.
, poète persan de la deuxième moitié du VIe/XIIe siècle. Comme l’indique sa nisba, il était originaire de Baylaḳān [ q.v.] en Transcaucasie, compatriote et contemporain du célèbre Ḵh̲āḳānī [ q.v.]. Le dīwān de Mud̲j̲īr contient quelques poèmes dédiés au S̲h̲arwān-s̲h̲āh Manučihr II (m. peu après 555/1160-1), qui doivent appartenir au tout début de sa carrière, mais la grande majorité de ses odes est adressée aux Atabegs Nuṣrat al-dīn Ḏj̲ahān-pahlawān b. Īldügüz (571-82/1175-86) et son ¶ successeur Ḳi̊zi̊l Arslan (m. 587/1191) et au Sald̲j̲ūḳide Arslan b. Ṭoghri̊l (556-…

Marḳiyūniyya

(1,028 words)

Author(s): de Blois, F.C.
, the Arabic name for the Marcionites, an important non-monotheistic tendency in early Christianity. Marcion (Μαρκιων; Ar. Marḳiyūn) was a native of Sinope [see sīnūb ] on the Black Sea who arrived in Rome in A.D. 138 (or somewhat later) and taught among the Christian community in the imperial capital. Marcion’s doctrine was that the god described in the Old Testament (the creator, or just god) is different from the god described in the New Testament (the stranger, or good god), the father of Chris…

Mud̲j̲īr al-Dīn Baylaḳānī

(386 words)

Author(s): de Blois, F.C.
, a Persian poet of the second half of the 6th/12th century. He was, as his nisba indicates, a native of Baylaḳān [ q.v.], in Transcaucasia, a compatriot and contemporary of the celebrated Ḵh̲āḳānī [ q.v.]. Mud̲j̲īr’s dīwān contains a few poems to the S̲h̲arwān-s̲h̲āh Manūčihr II (d. not long after 555/1160-1), which must belong to the earliest part of his career, but the majority of his odes are addressed to the Atabegs Nuṣrat al-Dīn Ḏj̲ahān-pahlawān b. Īldügüz (571-82/1175-86) and his successor Ḳi̊zi̊l Arsla…

Taʾrīk̲h̲

(48,480 words)

Author(s): De Blois, F.C. | Van Dalen, B. | Humphreys, R.S. | Marin, Manuela | Lambton, Ann K.S | Et al.
(a.) “date, dating, chronology, era”, then also “annals, history”. ¶ I. Dates and Eras in the Islamic World 1. In the sense of “date, dating”, etc. i. Etymology . The non-Arabic origin of this word was recognised by the mediaeval philologists, but the often-cited derivation of the participle muʾarrak̲h̲ “dated”, from a supposed Persian compound māh-rōz “month-day”, is naturally fanciful. In fact, it clearly belongs to the common Semitic root for “moon” and “month”; cf. Akkadian ( w) arḫu , Sabaic wrḫ , Ethiopic wärḫ , Mehri wark̲h̲ , or, with the usual Northwe…