(a.) “date, dating, chronology, era”, then also “annals, history”. ¶ I. Dates and Eras in the Islamic World 1. In the sense of “date, dating”, etc. i.
Etymology . The non-Arabic origin of this word was recognised by the mediaeval philologists, but the often-cited derivation of the participle
muʾarrak̲h̲ “dated”, from a supposed Persian compound
māh-rōz “month-day”, is naturally fanciful. In fact, it clearly belongs to the common Semitic root for “moon” and “month”; cf. Akkadian (
arḫu , Sabaic
wrḫ , Ethiopic
wärḫ , Mehri
wark̲h̲ , or, with the usual Northwe…