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Islām

(7,304 words)

Author(s): Gardet, L. | J. Jomier
, submission, total surrender (to God) — maṣdar of the IVth form of the root S L M . I. Definition and Theories of Meaning. 1.—Ḳurʾānic references. The “one who submits to God” is the Muslim, of which the plural Muslimūn occurs very often throughout the sūras. Islām , on the other hand, occurs only eight times there; but the word must be considered in conjunction with the fairly common use of the verb aslama in the two meanings which merge into one another, “surrender to God”(aninner action) and “profession of Islām” , that is to say adherence to the message of the Prophet. The eight occurrences of Is…

al-Ḳāhira

(22,495 words)

Author(s): Rogers, J.M. | J. M. Rogers | J. Jomier
, capital of Egypt and one of the most important centres of religious, cultural and political life in the Muslim world. The city is situated on both banks on the Nile, at 30°6′ Lat. N. and 31°26′ Long. E. respectively, at ca. 20 km. south of the delta where the Muḳaṭṭam Mountain almost comes down to the river. This strategical point dominating the access to Lower Egypt had been inhabited since early times, but became of primary importance during the arab invasion in 22/643, when ʿAmr b. al-ʿĀṣ e…