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Angels in art and architecture

(1,644 words)

Author(s): Milstein, Rachel
Angels represent a motif that was adopted into Islamic art borrowing from various artistic traditions, including, in the early centuries, from the Christian and Sāsānid traditions. Later centuries saw the incorporation of Chinese and Buddhist motifs, as well as Iranian and Turco-Mongolian ones. Hardly depicted during the first centuries of Islamic civilisation, flying jinn or angels were known, however, through Christian manuscripts and Sāsānid silver vessels and rock carvings. A relief of two winged victories holding diadems above a scene of inve…
Date: 2020-12-18

S̲h̲ams

(3,994 words)

Author(s): Fahd, T. | Dalen, B. van | Milstein, Rachel
, le soleil. 1. Chez les Arabes préislamiques. Divinité adorée dans le monde sémitique, particulièrement en Assyro-Babylonie (cf. ses attributs dans Knut Tallqvist, Akkadische Götterepitheta, Helsinki 1938, 453 sqq.) et en Arabie du Sud, où les pluriels syncopés s̲h̲ums (pour s̲h̲umūs, donné par Yāqūt éd. Dār Ṣādir, III, 362), ʾshms et le duel shmsy (G. Ryckmans, Les noms propres sud-sémitiques, I-III, Louvain 1934-5, ¶ I, 33; A. Jamme, Le panthéon sud-arabe préislamique d’après les sources épigraphiques, dans Le Muséon 60/1947, 101 sqq.) désignent les divinités titulaire…

S̲h̲ams

(4,027 words)

Author(s): Fahd, T. | Dalen, B. van | Milstein, Rachel
(a.), the sun (f). 1. In Pre-Islamic Arab lore. This was a divinity worshipped in the Semitic world, especially in Assyria-Babylonia (cf. its attributes in K. Tallqvist, Akkadische Götterepitheta , Helsinki 1938, 453 ff.) and in South Arabia, where the plurals s̲h̲ums (for s̲h̲umūs ) given by Yāḳūt (ed. Beirut, iii, 362) for this ṣanam or idol, ʾs̲h̲ms and the dual s̲h̲msy (G. Ryckmans, Les noms propres sudsémitiques , Louvain 1934-5, i, 33; A. Jamme, Le panthéon sud-arabe préislamique d’après les sources épigraphiques , in Muséon , lx [1947], 101 ff.) ¶ denote the titulary divinities…