(a.), image, representation and, especially, idol (from the Common Semitic root
ṣ-l-m , cf. Akk.
ṣalmu , Aram,
ṣalmā , Hebr.
ṣelem , etc., by a shift of
n, see Gesenius-Buhl, 684); for Old Testament parallels, see
inter alia, Num. xxxiii. 52; II Kings xi. 18; Ezek., vii. 20; Amos, v. 26). It is in this sense that it is found in the Ḳurʾān, where the pl.
aṣnām is cited five times (VI, 74; VII, 138; XIV, 35; XXI, 57; XXVI, 71).
Ṣanam progressively replaces
anṣāb , Hebr.
maṣṣebōt̲ , Gen. xxxv. 14), a term denoting “carved stones over which the blood …