Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Lycophron

(8,253 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lycophron | Λυκόφρων Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian1, a tragic writer2, and a member of the Pleiad, Lycophron was a native of Chalcis, the son of Socles, and the adoptive son of Lycus of Rhegium3. He wrote 64 or 46 tragedies; we know t…

Zoticus

(696 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zoticus | Ζωτικός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A figure known only from one passage of Porphyry1 ( Plot. 7, 12–14), Zoticus was a member of the circle of Plotinus2 and died a little before the philosopher himself, i.e., before 270 CE. His Neoplatonic3 education is reflected also in the works a…

Agatharchides

(11,524 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 08/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agatharchides | Ἀγαθαρχίδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Cnidus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A web of information allows us to place the life of Agatharchides between 200 BCE (or a few years earlier) and the last decades of the 2nd c. BCE. In codex 213 of the Bibliotheca1 (p. 171a 6-171b 12), Photius2 states that Agatharch…

Dionysius [1]

(1,241 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 14/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [1] | Διονύσιος ὁ Ὀλύνθιος Place of Origin: Olynthus (?) Date: 5th/4th c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius is an almost unknown grammarian, wholly neglected by reference books and encyclopedic repertories; if the passage of Tatianus1 that names him after Herodotus2 and before Ephorus3 really contains a διαδοχή of th…

Rufus [3]

(2,371 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Rufus [3] | Ῥοῦφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Almost nothing is known about the grammarian Rufus, the author of learned treatises that were extensively used by Sopater (probably the Neoplatonic philosopher)1 in his Various Extracts (Phot. Bibl. 161, 103a 18–20; 161, 103b 7–41; 161, …

Euripides

(1,641 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euripides | Εὐριπίδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 5th-4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A figure whose character it is difficult for us to reconstruct, this Euripides was, according to the Suda1 (ε 3694), the nephew of another Euripides2, older than the famous tragedian3 ( Sud. ε 36934; cf. Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, 1: Didascaliae…

Antimachus

(7,499 words)

Author(s): Fogagnolo, Marta
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Marta Fogagnolo è stata pubblicata il 01/04/2021. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Antimachus | Aντίμαχος Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Colofone Data: 5°–4° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Antimaco grammatico sembra potersi identificare con certezza nell’Antimaco poeta epico ed elegiaco, autore di una Tebaide (frr. 1–66 Matthews) e di una Lide (frr. 67–97 Matthews), vissuto tra 5º e 4º secolo a.C. Questa identificazione è accolta dalla maggior…

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Heraclides [1]

(4,848 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/04/2005 – 07/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [1] | Ἡρακλείδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Heracleia Pontica Date: ca. 390–ca. 310 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce the date of Heraclides from the testimonia only with a certain degree of difficulty. Amid the more useful information furnished by the sources is the notice – preserved by the Suda

Nicander [2]

(6,733 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 14/12/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicander [2] | Νίκανδρος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Claros (Colophon) Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Nicander is uncertain, since the biographical testimonia alternate between the reign of Ptolemy V Epiphanes (204–181 BCE), according to the first and fourth sections of the Vita Arati (pp. 8, 2…