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(63 words)

Author(s): Martini, Wolfram (Gießen)
[German version] (Σεννέα; Sennéa). Settlement  which can be identified, on the basis of an inscription [1], with a ruin site at Gölcük Ören on the Melas (modern Manavgat) between Side and Cotenna [2]. Martini, Wolfram (Gießen) Bibliography 1 H. Swoboda et al., Denkmäler aus Lykaonien, Pamphylien und Isaurien, 1935, No. 109 col. III 2 H. Brandt, Gesellschaft und Wirtschaft Pamphyliens und Pisidiens im Altertum, 1992, 106.

Mare Pamphylium

(122 words)

Author(s): Martini, Wolfram (Gießen)
[German version] Sea bay that carves in deeply on the south coast of Asia Minor on the Lycian, Pamphylian and Cilician coastal fringe between the promontories of Hiera Akra (modern Gelidonya Burun) and Anemurium (cf. Plin. HN 5,96; 102; 129), modern Gulf of Antalya. Occasionally, the Gulf of Iskenderun ( Alexandria [3]) was included in the Mare Pamphylium (MP) as well (Dionys. Per. 508 = GGM 2,135), or it was even equated with the Aigýption pélagos (Αἰγύπτιον πέλαγος, App. proemium 6f.). Shipwrecks near Ulu Burun and Gelidonya Burnu document the stormy nature of MP tha…


(272 words)

Author(s): Martini, Wolfram (Gießen)
[German version] (Σίλλυον; Síllyon). City in Pamphylia between the Cestrus (modern River Aksu) and the Eurymedon [5] on a 230 metre-high plateau, 10 km from the coast at modern Asarköyü. Whether the earliest traces of settlement can in fact be dated to the early Bronze Age as in Perge [3. 265] requires further study; residential building from the 5th century BC onwards, however, has been verified [3. 263], whereas the first literary mentions of S. begin only in the 4th century BC (Ps.-Scyl. 101; Arr. Anab. 1,26,5). A pre-Greek settlement is suggested by the place name Selyviys on coins…


(249 words)

Author(s): Martini, Wolfram (Gießen)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Education / Culture (Ἄσπενδος; Áspendos). Town in  Pamphylia (modern Belkis) on the table mountain by the  Eurymedon (modern Köprü Cayı). The name of Koprü Cayı on coins dating from the 5th and 4th cents. BC is a possible indication of a Hittite foundation by King Asitawandia at the end of the 8th cent. BC. According to Greek tradition, it was founded by Argive settlers (Str. 14,4,2) in the 12th cent. BC (cf. Hdt. 7,91). First mentioned in …


(1,291 words)

Author(s): Martini, Wolfram (Gießen)
(Παμφυλία/ Pamphylía). [German version] I. Geography The name is usually derived from one of the three traditional Doric tribes (Dymanes, Hylleis, Pamphyloi) or from the Greek adjective pám-phylos, 'from all tribes'. Occasionally it is derived from a homonymous daughter (Theopomp. FGrH 115 F 103,15), sister (Steph. Byz. s.v. Π.) or wife (schol. Dionys. Per. 850) of the seer Mopsus. However, as there is a Hittite mention of P. (see below), all this may be a Graecizing malapropism. In antiquity, P. referred to the fertile a…


(921 words)

Author(s): Martini, Wolfram (Gießen)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Byzantium | | Commerce | Education / Culture (Σίδη/ Sídē). Port on the East Pamphylian coast (Plin. HN 5,96; Ptol. 5,5,2; Tab. Peut. 10,2) 10 km west of the mouth of the Melas (present-day Manavgat Çayı) in Pamphylia on a flat peninsula (conglomerate rock), formerly Eski Antalya or Selimiye, today again S. The river port (Mánaua on the Melas) and particularly the sea port brought great prosperity to S. in the Hellenistic Period and especially in the Rom…


(888 words)

Author(s): Martini, Wolfram (Gießen)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Byzantium | Christianity | | Ḫattusa | Asia Minor | Asia Minor | Education / Culture (Πέργη; Pérgē). City in Pamphylia (Scyl. 100; Pol. 5,5,7; 8,17,32) to the north of modern Aksu, once on the Cestrus (modern River Aksu, now 4 km to the east), which was navigable for 60 stadia ( c. 11·5 km, now 14 km) from the sea, at least as far as P. (Str. 14,4,2; Mela 1,79; Arr. An. 1,26,1; 1,27,5; Ptol. 5,5,7; Plin. HN 5,26,1; Acts 14,25). The non-Greek epithet Preiia (5th-cent. votive inscriptions in the Museum of Anatalya: [1]) o…


(445 words)

Author(s): Martini, Wolfram (Gießen) | Kaletsch, Hans (Regensburg)
(Ἀττάλεια; Attáleia). [German version] [1] The modern Antalya This item can be found on the following maps: Christianity | Zenobia | Asia Minor | Limes | Lycii, Lycia | Pergamum | Pompeius The modern Antalya; harbour town, located on a rocky ridge on the coast of  Pamphylia, founded in around 150 BC by  Attalus [5] II (Str. 14,4,1), and visited by Pompey on his flight in 48 BC (Plut. Pompeius 76; cf. Ptol. 5,5,2; Acta Apostolorum 14,25). Remains of the Attalid town walls, Hadrian's gate, to mark the emperor's visit in AD 130, and a monumental mausoleum (circular building on a cubic base). Martini…


(520 words)

Author(s): Bloch, René (Berne) | Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Martini, Wolfram (Gießen)
(Εὐρυμέδων; Eurymédōn, ‘far-prevailing’ [2]). The name of several heroes, usable in hexameters. [German version] [1] King of the Giants King of the  Giants, by his daughter Periboea grandfather of Nausithous the son of Poseidon, ancestor of the Phaeacian kings. E. brought himself and his people to ruin (Hom. Od. 7,58-60 with schol. and Eust.). According to  Euphorion fr. 99 Powell (schol. Hom. Il. 14,295-296) he raped Hera, whereupon she bore  Prometheus. For this Zeus later hurled E. into the Tartarus. Bloch, René (Berne) Bibliography 1 F. Vian, s.v. E.1, LIMC 4.1, 105 2 Kamptz 84, …


(1,530 words)

Author(s): Nissen, Hans Jörg (Berlin) | Wagner, Jörg (Tübingen) | Martini, Wolfram (Gießen) | Hild, Friedrich (Vienna) | Brandt, Hartwin (Chemnitz)
(Σελεύκεια/ Seleúkeia, Latin Seleucia). [German version] [1] S. on the Tigris This item can be found on the following maps: Diadochi and Epigoni | Hellenistic states | India, trade with (Σελεύκεια ἡ ἐπὶ τῷ Τίγρει/ Seleúkeia hē epì tôi Tígrei: Str. 16,738; 743; 750 et passim; Latin Seleucia Magna: Plin. HN 6,43, cuneiform Selukuja [1], modern Tall Umar). On the right bank of the Tigris, c. 60 km north-east of Babylon and 35 km south of Baghdad, at the mouth of the Nahr Malkā (connecting canal between the Tigris and Euphrates) and thus very favourably located …


(1,304 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Harmon, Roger (Basle) | Jansen-Winkeln, Karl (Berlin) | Renger, Johannes (Berlin) | Huß, Werner (Bamberg) | Et al.
(Πτολεμαίς; Ptolemaís). [German version] [1] Daughter of Ptolemaeus [1] I and Eurydice [4] Daughter of Ptolemaeus [1] I and Eurydice [4]; presumably married to a descendant of the pharaoh Nectanebus [2]; from 298 BC betrothed, and from 287 married to Demetrius [2] Poliorcetes. PP VI 14565. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography W. Huß, Das Haus des Nektanebis und das Haus des Ptolemaios, in: AncSoc 25, 1994, 111-117  J. Seibert, Historische Beiträge zu den dynastischen Verbindungen in hellenistischer Zeit, 1967, 30 ff. 74 f. [German version] [2] P. from Cyrene Ancient scholar of m…