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Hermeneutics

(1,006 words)

Author(s): Most, Glenn W. (Heidelberg)
[German version] If understood in the sense of everyday, unreflected experience of the interpretation of texts, hermeneutics existed in antiquity no less than it did later; however, hermeneutics taken as the systematic elaboration of a set of rules to control and guide the interpretation was not created until early modern times [5]. Originally, the semantic field ἑρμηνεύειν ( hermēneúein) means ‘to express, translate’ [17], and only acquires the metaphorical meaning ‘to interpret’ in Plato [12]. Aristotle's Περὶ ἑρμηνείας ( Perì hermēneías, De interpretatione) is a theory of expression, not of interpretation. Ancient attempts at a systematic theory of interpretation are scarce and late; with few exceptions, hermeneutics remains the domain not of the theoretical philosopher, but of the less respected practical grammarian [18] until late antiquity. Ancient hermeneutics remained limited to implicit tendencies rat…

Hermeneutik

(927 words)

Author(s): Most, Glenn W. (Heidelberg)
[English version] Im Sinne einer alltäglichen, unreflektierten Erfahrung der Interpretation von Texten gab es H. in der Ant. nicht weniger als später; verstanden dagegen als die systematische Ausarbeitung eines Regelverfahrens, das die Interpretation kontrollieren und leiten soll, entstand sie erst in der frühen Neuzeit [5]. Das Wortfeld ἑρμηνεύειν (

Allegory

(3,568 words)

Author(s): Stolz, Fritz | Most, Glenn W. | Klauck, Hans-Josef | Bienert, Wolfgang A. | Rieger, Reinhold | Et al.
[German Version] I. History of Religions – II. Classical Antiquity – III. Bible– IV. Church History – V. Systematics – VI. Practical Exegesis– VII. Religious Art I. History of Religions Allegory (from Gk ἀλληγορέω/ allēgoreō