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Damocharis

(105 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Δαμοχάρις; Damocháris). Epigrammatic poet of the Justinianic period, grammatikós, friend and student of Agathias (according to the lemma of Anth. Pal. 7,206, a tomb epigram on the partridge loved by the master, cf. Agathias 7,204f.). Born on Cos, as can be seen from the epitaph of Paulus Silentiarius (7,588), he was proconsul and governor of Asia and was especially venerated both in Smyrna (cf. the anonymous poem 16,43) and in Ephesus (cf. SEG 18,474). Four epigrams of average standard from the ‘Cycle’ of Agathias are extant. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography Av. un…

Eutolmius Illustrius

(82 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Εὐτόλμιος Ἰλλούστριος; Eutólmios Illoústrios). Epigrammatic poet, honoured with the titles vir illustris and scholastikós. Five of his poems are extant, probably originating from Palladas' Syllogḗ: the epigrammatic epitaphs Anth. Pal. 7,608 and 611 (elegant imitations of Bianor 7,644 and Parmenion 7,184), the anathematic epigram 6,86 (whose lapidary brevity was seemingly parodied by Palladas), and the epideictic epigram 9,587, a single distich, describing a θερμοχύτης; thermochýtēs (‘a vessel, out of which warm beverages were poured’). Degani, Enzo (Bo…

Bassus Lollius

(112 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Epigram poet in the early 1st cent. AD (cf. Anth. Pal. 7,391 on the death of Germanicus in AD 19), born perhaps in Smyrna (according to the lemma of Anth. Pal. 11,72; the poem's authorship is, however, not certain). At least nine poems by B. are extant from the ‘Garland’ of Philippus (with the addition of several incerta, cf. Anth. Pal. 9,30 as well), all of which rather mediocre, most of them either epideictic (9,236 is a panegyrical poem about imperial Rome, ‘the home of the entire universe’) or funeral epigrams (7,372 = GVI 1580 is possibly an actual inscription). Degani, Enz…

Ammonides

(101 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Ἀμμωνίδης; Ammōnídēs). Undatable author of a short Greek epigram mocking an unknown Antipatra (Anth. Pal. 11,201): "If Antipatra had been shown to the Parthians naked, they would have fled through the Pillars of Heracles"‘.’ As little is known of the poet as of the addressee. An attempt by Brunck to amend Ἀμμωνίδου (-ον: Planudes) to Ἀμμωνίου, in order to ascribe the couplet to Ammonius [10], the equally unknown author of the epigram Anth. Pal. 9,827, has no basis. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography 1 R. F. Ph. Brunck, Analecta veterum poetarum Graecorum, vol.…

Cerealius

(74 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Unknown poet of epigrams, two of whose satirical poems survive: one pillories a poetaster (Anth. Pal. 11,129), the other is an interesting literary manifesto against the affectations of the Attic orators, regarded by C. as being as empty as they were abstruse (Anth. Pal. 11,144, cf. Lucillius, Anth. Pal. 11,142). At least chronologically plausible is his identification with Iulius Cerialis, the friend of Martial (Mart. Epigr. 11,52,1). Degani, Enzo (Bologna)

Etruscus

(87 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Author of an artistically refined epigram on a fisher that is rich in effective antitheses: his boat helped him to survive yesterday but today it serves as his funeral pyre (Anth. Pal. 7,381, cf. Antiphilus, Anth. Pal. 7,635). It is part of the ‘Garland’ of Philippus. All that is known of its poet is that he was a ‘Messenian’ (Μεσσήνιος; Messḗnios) but it is unclear in the lemma whether he was from Messenia or Messina. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography GA II,1, 254f.; 2, 288.

Archimelus

(117 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Ἀρχίμηλος; Archímēlos) The writer of a long epigram that describes a gigantic ship, which Hieron II had built: according to the testimony of the historian and paradoxographer Moschion (FGrH 575 IIIB p. 677), whom Athenaeus (5,209b-c) quotes directly, the ruler is said to have paid the poet by sending him 1, 000 medimnoi of grain ‘to the Piraeus’. If this correct, then A. is to be dated to the second half of the 3rd cent. BC, however, the unreliable nature of the source leaves room for justifiable doubt. The poem is of poor quality…

Ennoeus

(60 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Έννοιος; Énnoios) Author of an epitaph on a marble block that was rediscovered in Catania (Anth. Pal. append. 2,491 Cougny = GVI 883) and is to be dated in the 3rd-4th cents. AD. The name of the poet, which stands under the three insipid as well as damaged distichs, is not otherwise documented. Degani, Enzo (Bologna)

Barbucallus, Iohannes

(97 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] with the epithet Γραμματικός ( Grammatikós). Epigram poet of the ‘ kyklos’ of Agathias, lived in the 6th cent. AD, author of 12 reasonable, for the most part ecphrastic and epideictic epigrams (some uncertainty remains, furthermore, concerning Anth. Pal. 7,555-555b and 9, 628f.; the first are titled Ἰωάννου Ποιητοῦ, the others Ἰωάννου Γραμματικοῦ). Noteworthy are the epigrams about the destruction of Berytus (Beirut) by the earthquake of 551 (9,425-427; the influence of Nonnus, Dion. 41 is obvious in 426,1f.). Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography Av. & A. Cameron, …

Aristocreon

(117 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Son of the sister of Chrysippus and his pupil; Chrysippus dedicated a number of works to him (Diog. Laert. 7,185; 196 f.; 202). After the death of his uncle (207 BC) A. honoured his memory with a text Χρυσίππου ταφαί (Ind. Stoic. Herc. 46,3) and -- according to the witness of Plutarch (De Stoicorum repugnantibus 2,1033e) -- with the erecting of a bronze statue: on this he had a distich (= Anth. Pal. append. 1,129 Cougny) engraved (ἐπέγραψε), in which Chrysippus is wittily called ‘…

Besantinus

(135 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Βησαντῖνος; Bēsantînos). Writer in Hadrian's era, possibly from Rhodes (according to the heading in Anth. Pal. 15,27, a poem that in any case belongs not to him but to Simias of Rhodes; also wrongly attributed to him: 9,118 = Thgn. 527f., cf. Stob. 4,50,44). MSS F and Y of the Bucolics attribute a βωμός ( bōmós) to him, a pattern poem in the shape of an altar: 26 verses in different metres forming the eulogizing acrostic Ὀλύμπιε πολλοῖς ἔτεσι θυσείας, that is certainly addressed to Hadrian (cf. ThGL 5,1924A). It is also transmitted a…

Eugenes

(87 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Εὐγενής; Eugenḗs) Writer of an epigram in iambic trimeters about a work of art that represents the old, drunken  Anacreon (Anth. Plan. 308): a very faithful, ambitious imitation of two poems by Leonidas of Tarentum (Anth. Plan. 16,306f.; the expression ‘swan of Teos’, Τήιον κύκνον, in v. 2 is an allusion to Antipater of Sidon 7,30,1). The epigram may be from the beginning of the Imperial period. About the poet, whose name is very rare, nothing is known. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography FGE 110f.

Arabius Scholasticus

(98 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Epigrammatic poet from the time of Justinian (Anth. Plan. 39 and 314 celebrate the merits of Flavius Longinus, ὕπαρχος in Byzantium in the years 537-539 and 542), writer of seven mannered poems, which probably derive from the ‘Cycle’ of Agathias and which are to a great extent virtuoso descriptions of works of art (the locus amoenus Anth. Pal. 9,667 may relate to the park near Justinian's Ἡραῖον, cf. Paulus Silentiarius, Anth. Pal 9,663 f. and Agathias, Anth. Pal. 9,665). Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography Av. und A. Cameron, The Cycle of Agathias, in: JHS 86, 1…

Aristodicus

(81 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Epigrammatic poet from Rhodes, from whom two colourless epitymbia (Anth. Pal. 7,189; 473) have come down to us, which in all probability derive from the ‘Garland’ of Meleager. In connection with  Anyte (in this way the improbable Ἀνύτης of Planudes is explained), the first poem refers to a cricket. There is no proof that this unknown poet is the A. who is mentioned in the anonymous arithmetical epigram 14,2,6. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography GA I 1,42; 2, 107-109.

Aceratus Grammaticus

(113 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Author of an epitymbion to Hector, who was for Troy ‘a stronger bulwark than the wall erected by the gods’ and at whose death ‘Meonides’ himself felt he had to close the Iliad (Anth. Pal. 7,138). There is no writer or grammarian known by this name but the theme and style of the epigram are suggestive of the ‘Garland’ of Philippus: the obscure epithet ‘Meonides’ was favoured by writers of epigrams in the 1st cent. and it can be no coincidence that the extremely rare adjective θειόδομος -- to describe the Trojan wall -- is elsewhere to be found only in Alpheius, Anth. Pal. 9,104,4. Deg…

Cornelius Longinos

(68 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (or C. Longus). Author of two mediocre epigrams: the dedication, written after a Leonidian model (Anth. Pal. 6.300), of a few modest gifts by a farmer to Aphrodite (6.191) and the description of a painting (Anth. Plan. 117). Nothing is known about the poet, who may have been a contemporary of Gaetulicus (1st half of 1st cent. AD). Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography FGE 67-70.

Ammianus

(116 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] Epigrammatic poet from the time of Hadrian, author of 24 satirical poems (the allocation of a further four is disputed), in which he shows himself to be a (seldom faithful) Lucillius imitator. Of interest are the points made against the conceited and bearded philosophers (above all against the Cynics), who do not know that the beard ‘nourishes fleas, and not ideas’ (Anth. Pal. 11,156), and against the orators (11,180-181: these especially have set their sights on Antonius Polemon)…

Eupithius

(69 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Εὐπίθιος; Eupíthios). Writer of an epigram that consists of an expressive curse of Herodian's work ‘The General Pronunciation of Greek’ (Ἡ καθόλου προσῳδία; hē kathólou prosōidía) (Anth. Pal. 9,206). The otherwise unknown poet was, as we gather from the heading, an Athenian; he should either be considered a contemporary of Herodian (2nd half of the 2nd cent. AD) or lived after him. Degani, Enzo (Bologna)

Damagetus

(107 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Δαμάγητος; Damágētos). Mediocre epigrammatic poet of the ‘Garland’ of Meleager (Anth. Pal. 4,1,21), probably to be classified as part of the Peloponnesian School; he lived at the time of the war between the Achaean and the Aetolian Leagues (220-217 BC). Almost all of his 12 epigrams can be traced back directly (7,438; 541) or indirectly (praise of Sparta and its allies: 7,432; 540f., and in doricizing language 7,231; 16,1) to this event (perhaps also 6,277 to Arsinoe, the daughter…

Damostratus

(74 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Δαμόστρατος; Damóstratos). Author of an epigram on Meleager's ‘Garland’ (Anth. Pal. 9,328): a ‘Damostratus, son of Antilas’ (v. 3) dedicates wooden statues and boar skins to the Naiads. The attribution seems questionable as does the very existence of the otherwise unknown author (D. of Apamea, author of Halieutiká (Ἁλιευτικά), dates from a time post-Meleager, i.e. after the first half of the first cent. BC). Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography GA I,1,80; 2,230f.

Anyte

(319 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Ἀνύτη; Anýtē). Epigrammatic poetess of the ‘Garland’ of Meleager (Anth. Pal. 4,1,5), acclaimed representative of the Peloponnesian School. Born in Tegea, Arcadia, (not in Mytilene, as the lemmata of Anth. Pal. 7,492 erroneously states, cf. Poll. 5,48; Steph. Byz. 610,16), she lived in all probability at the turn of the 4th to the 3rd cent. BC and was also the author of lost epic and lyric poems (SH 80 f.). At least 19 epigrams (in addition, the following are uncertain or disputed;…

Agathias

(349 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Ἀγαθίας; Agathías). Historian and poet from Myrina in Asia Minor, son of the rhetor Memnon. Born c. 532, died shortly after 580 AD. He studied rhetoric in Alexandria and law in Constantinople, where he then successfully practised as a lawyer (and this is why he was named Σχολαστικός; Scholastikós). His historical work continues that of Procopius, recounts in five books -- with long ethnographic and chronological digressions (up until 579) -- events of the years AD 552-559. He attempts to imitate Herodotus and Thucydides, meticu…

Erycius

(114 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] (Ερύκιος; Erýkios) Author of 14 epigrams in the ‘Garland’ of Philippus: dedicatory, funerary and epideictic epigrams treating traditional (often bucolic, cf. Anth. Pal. 6,96; 255; 7,174 etc.) themes with remarkable elegance. Internal evidence assigns him to the 2nd half of the 1st cent. BC and suggests that he probably visited Rome (cf. 6,96,2 Ἀρκάδες ἀμφότεροι and Verg. Ecl. 7,4 Arcades ambo). The heading of 7,230 attests to his having come from Cyzicus (that of 7,397, Ἐρυκίου Θετταλοῦ, seems to confirm the existence of a second E.); he i…

Epigram

(3,106 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Lausberg, Marion (Augsburg)
I. Greek [German version] A. Beginnings The epigram was a part of Greek literature throughout its entire history (the oldest documents coincide with the first examples of alphabetic script) and originally consisted of a short verse inscription or label on vases, cups, votive gifts, funeral steles, herms, etc. The occasion was always real and could be public or private in nature. The metre of the epigram was the epic hexameter, sporadically in combination with a dactylic pentameter, an iambic trimeter,…

Archimedes

(2,119 words)

Author(s): Folkerts, Menso (Munich) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[1] of Syracuse C. 287-232 BC [German version] A. Life A. was born in 287 BC in Syracuse, son of the astronomer Phidias. He was friends with King Hieron II, and later with his son Gelon. A. probably spent some time in Alexandria; he later sent on his writings to the mathematicians (Conon, Dositheus, Eratosthenes) who were working there. In Syracuse, A. studied problems of mathematical and physical theory, but also their practical applicatio…

Agis

(919 words)

Author(s): Welwei, Karl-Wilhelm (Bochum) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Ἆγις; Âgis). [German version] [1] I, eponymous hero of the  Agiads …

Anthology

(2,215 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Schwindt, Jürgen Paul (Bielefeld)
[German version] A. Definition This antonomasia generally designates the great collection preserved from antiquity of Greek epigrams, i.e., the Anthologia Palatina (so named after the Bibliotheca Palatina in Heidelberg, where at the end of the 16th cent. the only MS, the Palatinus 23, was discovered) and also the Anthologia Planudea, which supplements it, which was compiled in 1301 by the monk Maximus Planudes (codex Marcianus graecus 481). Degani, Enzo (Bologna) [German version] B. Anthologia Palatina A collection of c. 3,700 epigrams with nearly 23,000 verses: in this t…

Bianor

(192 words)

Author(s): Bloch, René (Berne) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] [1] Son of Tiber and Manto, founder of Mantua Son of the Tiber and Manto, daughter of Teiresias or Hercules. B., also named Ocnus (Aucnus) (Verg. Aen. 10,198), is said to have founded the city of Mantua and named it after his mother. According to others (Serv. Aen.) B. founded Felsina, later to become Bononia (Bologna); Virgil (Ecl. 9,60) mentions B.'s grave. Bloch, René (Berne) Bibliography F. E. Brenk, War and the shepherd. The tomb of B. in Vergil's ninth Eclogue, in: AJPh 102, 1981, 427-430. [German version] [2] Writer of epigrams in the ‘Garland’ of Philippus Writer of …

Epigonus

(319 words)

Author(s): Neudecker, Richard (Rome) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Ἐπίγονος; Epígonos). [German version] [1] Sculptor in Pergamum Sculptor in Pergamum, who participated in building the victory monuments for the Attalids according to Pliny. Signatures are preserved on the following bases for Attalus I (241-197 BC): the so-called ‘Small Battle Bathron’ of the strategos Epigenes [2]; round base of the so-called ‘Great Anathema’ ( c. 228 BC; the attribution of the ‘Ludovisi Gaul’ remains in dispute); the so-called ‘Great Bathron’ ( c. 223 BC) with the ‘Dying Trumpeter’, which is documented in writing and was recognized in a copy on t…

Euodus

(205 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Birley, A. R. (Düsseldorf)
[German version] [4] Writer of epigrams Evodus (Εὔοδος; Eúodos) Epigrammatic poet of the Imperial age (1st or 3rd cent. AD), of whom Planudes preserved two short poems, of altogether three hexameters, in the form of riddles (Anth. Pal. 16,116 and 155): the first describes a centaur, the second the phenomenon of the echo, which is int. al. referred to as the ‘residue (τρύγα; trýga) of the voice’ and the ‘tail of the word’. Degani, Enzo (Bologna) [German version] [1] Imperial freedman under Tiberius Imperial freedman who had great influence over Tiberius in the last year of his life. PIR2 E 1…

Adaeus

(272 words)

Author(s): Peter, Ulrike (Berlin) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Bowie, Ewen (Oxford)
(Ἀδαῖος; Adaîos). [German version] [1] Dynast in south-eastern Thrace, (middle of the 3rd cent. BC) Dynast in south-eastern Thrace, middle of the 3rd cent. BC, probably offspring of a Macedonian governor appointed by  Philip II. He minted several emissions of bronze coins. Probably identical to A., who reigned in Cypsela (Athen. 11,468 f.) and A., who was executed by  Ptolemaeus III (Pomp. Trog. prol. 27; SEG 34, 1984, 878). Peter, Ulrike (Berlin) Bibliography K. Buraselis, Das hell. Makedonien und die Ägäis, 1982, 122-123, 139. [German version] [2] Macedonian epigrammatist Maced…

Apollinarius

(377 words)

Author(s): Markschies, Christoph (Berlin) | Savvidis, Kyriakos (Bochum) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] [1] Forms of the name The following are attested: Apollinaris or Ἀπολινάριος ( Apolinários) or Ἀπολεινάριος ( Apoleinários), but not  Ἀπολλινάριος ( Apollinários). Markschies, Christoph (Berlin) Bibliography Th. Zahn, Apollinaris, Apollinarius, Apolinarius, in: id., Paralipomena, Forsch. zur Gesch. des nt. Kanons 5/1, 1893, 99-109. [German version] [2] of Laodicea Priest and teacher of grammar Priest and teacher of grammar. According to Sozom. Hist. eccl. (2,46; 3,15-16; 5,18; 6,25) the father of  A. [3]. Savvidis, Kyriakos (Bochum) Bibliography J. Dräseke…

Diophanes

(155 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Διοφάνης; Diophánēs). [German version] [1] Strategos of the Arsinoites 224-218 BC Strategos of the Arsinoites 224-18 BC; most of the P. Enteuxeis texts date to his time in office. PP 1,247. Ameling, Walter (Jena) …

Alpheius

(550 words)

Author(s): Lienau, Cay (Münster) | Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Ἀλφειός; Alpheiós). [German version] [1] River in the Peloponnese At 110 kms it is the longest river with the largest volume of water flow of the  Peloponnese, which, with its tributaries (especially the  Ladon,  Erymanthus,  Lousius) drains a large part of  Arcadia and  Elis. The eastern spring, called A. surfaces on the valley watershed near the Eurotas (483 m above sea level at Ambelakion; possibly some tapping of the water flow). The A. has so far for the most part preserved the character of a mount…

Antiphanes

(765 words)

Author(s): Nesselrath, Heinz-Günther (Göttingen) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Neudecker, Richard (Rome)
(Ἀντιφάνης; Antiphánēs). [German version] [1] Attic comic poet, 4th cent. BC Attic writer of comedies; concerning his family and lineage the information is quite contradictory [1. test. 1, 2]. His father as well as his son were called Stephanus, (his son as a writer of comedies, staged works of his father [1. test 1]). A. was born in the 93rd Olympiad (between 408 and 404 BC) [1. test. 1] and is said to have already begun his stage activity at 20 years, (‘after the 98th Olympiad’ [1. test. 2]). He is said …

Evenus

(688 words)

Author(s): Bowie, Ewen (Oxford) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Strauch, Daniel (Berlin)
(Εὔηνος, Εύηνός; Eúēnos, Euēnós) [1] of Paros [German version] A. Personal Data Eratosthenes distinguishes between two elegiac poets from Paros, both named E. (Harpocr. s.v. Εὔηνος 139,15 Dindorf), others maintain that there had only been one [1]. Plato mentions an E. of Paros, a poet and ‘philosopher’ (Pl. Phd. 60d; 61b), a teacher of political rhetoric around 400 BC (Pl. Ap. 20a-b), who had ‘discovered’ a number of tropes (Pl. Phdr. 267a). Both his language and the subject matter of some of the extant fragments, e.g. moderation in drinking (2 …

Anastasius

(1,079 words)

Author(s): Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich) | Savvidis, Kyriakos (Bochum) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
[German version] [1] A. I, AD 491-518 Byzantine emperor A. I, AD 491-518 Byzantine emperor, born c. 431 in Dyrrachion, decurio of the Silentiarii under emperor Zeno the Isaurian, after whose death the widowed empress …

Ablabius

(329 words)

Author(s): Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
(Ἀβλάβιος; Ablábios). [German version] [1] Flavius A., 4th cent. AD Flavius A. was one of the most influential officials under  Constantinus the Great. He came from Crete (Lib. Or. 42,23); the child of poor non-Christians (Eun. Vit. Soph. 6,3,1-7); later converted to Christianity (Athan. Epist. Fest. 5). In AD 324/326 he was vicarius of Asia (CIL III 352), 329-337 praef. praet. Orientis, 331 cos. ord. It is said to have been on his instigation that the pagan philosopher  Sopater was executed by Constantine (Eun. Vit. Soph. 6,2,12; 3,7,13; Zos. 2,40,3). He was possibly still in office as pra…

Chaeremon

(358 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Inwood, Brad (Toronto) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Χαιρήμων; Chairḗmōn). [German version] [1] Tragedian, middle of the 4th cent. BC Tragedian; mentioned by the comedy writers Eubulus (Ath. 2,43c) and Ephippus (Juv. fr. 9 Kock in Ath. 11,482b), which locates him in the middle of the 4th cent. BC. Performed again 276-19 at the Naïa in Dodona (DID B 11,13); titles: Alphesiboea, ‘Achilles killer of Thersites (Apulian vase, Boston 03.804 [1. 166]), Dionysus, Thyestes, Io, The Centaur, The Minyae, Odysseus, Oeneus and more than 40 fragments. Aristot. Rhet. 3,12,1413b8) counts him among those writers whose plays are full…

Claudianus

(1,726 words)

Author(s): Hofmann, Heinz (Tübingen) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Hadot, Pierre (Limours)
[German version] [1] [...]us C. s. M.  Arruntius Claudianus Hofmann, Heinz (Tübingen) [German version] [2] Claudius C. Graeco-Latin poet, c. AD 400 Graeco-Latin poet (about AD 400) from Alexandria. C. first wrote Greek poetry of whi…

Dorieus

(553 words)

Author(s): Welwei, Karl-Wilhelm (Bochum) | Decker, Wolfgang (Cologne) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Δωριεύς; Dorieús). [German version] [1] Spartan, son of Anaxandridas II Spartan, Agiad, son of Anaxandridas II and his first wife, older brother of the kings Leonidas and Cleombrotus, younger half-brother of Cleomenes I, who was born before D., but to the second wife of Anaxandridas, whom he due to the initial infertility of his first wife had additionally married at the direction of the ephors and gerontes. After Cleomenes as the eldest son had succeeded to the throne (Hdt. 5,41f.; Paus. 3,3,9f.), D. organized ─ allegedly due to outrage over this ruling ─ a colonist campaign to Libya c. 51…

Diotimus

(622 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Διότιμος; Diótimos). [German version] [1] Strategos in Corcyra 433/2 BC…

Artemon

(593 words)

Author(s): Montanari, Franco (Pisa) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Robbins, Emmet (Toronto) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀρτέμων; Artémōn). [German version] [1] Greek grammarian From Cassandreia. Greek  grammarian. As he makes mention of  Dionysius Scytobrachion, he is dated to the 2nd half of the 2nd cent. BC. Of his works Athenaeus cites: Περὶ βιβλίων συναγωγῆς, Περὶ βιβλίων χρήσεως, Περὶ τοῦ Διονυσιακοῦ συστήματος as being his. An almost contemporary namesake from Pergamum, the commentator on Pindar (FGrH 569), possibly is the same person; A. from Clazomenae (FGrH 443), on the other hand, is older. A., the editor of the Aristotelian letters (Demetrius, elocutiones 223), is difficult to identify. …

Archestratus

(351 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Schmitt-Pantel, Pauline (Paris) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
(Ἀρχέστρατος; Archéstratos). [German version] [1] Actor and Tragedian With his tragedy Antaios, an unknown actor triumphed at the Soteria in Delphi between 267 and 219 BC (DID B 11, 5). He is probably not to be identified with the A. mentioned in Plut. Aristides 1,3 (318e). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 198 TrGF 75. [German version] [2] Author of a gastronomic poem from Gela, 4th cent. BC Citizen of Gela who lived in the 2nd half of the 4th cent. BC. 62 fragments (more than 300 verses) of his gastronomic poem, written c. AD 330, have been preserved by Athenaeus. Its …

Aemilianus

(404 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Birley, A. R. (Düsseldorf)
[No German version] I. Greek Degani, Enzo (Bologna) Bibliography GA 2,1,11 f.; 2,2,13-16. [German version] [I 1] Epigrammatic poet of Nicaea. Author of three interesting epigrams from the ‘Garland’ of Philippus: the astounding lament of a ship that -- having escaped shipwreck -- returns to port ‘with a cargo of corpses’ (Anth. Pal. 9,218), and two descriptions of works of art, the first (Anth. Pal. 7,623) a famous painting by Aristides of Thebes (Plin. HN 35,98), the second (Anth. Pal. 9,756) seems to illustrate …

Asclepiades

(2,568 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Döring, Klaus (Bamberg) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Nutton, Vivian (London) | Montanari, Franco (Pisa)
(Ἀσκληπιάδης; Asklēpiádēs) [German version] [1] of Samos Epigrammatic poet Epigrammatic poet of the ‘Garland’ of Meleager, who addresses him in the preface by the dark pseudonym Σικελίδης (Anth. Pal. 4,1,46; cf. Hedylus, GA I 1, 101 6, 4; Theoc. 7,40); an outstanding representative of the Ionian-Alexandrianschool, he lived around the turn of the 4th/3rd cent. BC. A. was highly praised by Theocritus (7,39-41), but attacked by Callimachus (schol. Flor. Callim. Fr.1,1). From the latter he differed, among other things, through a diametrically opposed appraisal of the Lyde of Antimach…

Antiphilus

(465 words)

Author(s): Engels, Johannes (Cologne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Hoesch, Nicola (Munich)
(Ἀντίφιλος; Antíphilos). [German version] [1] Athenian strategos of hoplites (323/22 BC) The Athenian A. was elected Athenian strategos of hoplites ( Hoplites) after the death of Leosthenes 323/322 BC, whose successor he became. He took over the command of the land forces of the Hellenic League in the Lamian or Hellenic War and distinguished himself through military skills and courage (Plut. Phoc. 24,1-2; Diod. Sic. 18,13,6). He lifted the siege of  Antipater at  Lamia, in 322 defeated a Macedonian army under Le…
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