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Scipio Africanus Maior, P. Cornelius (232)

(3,166 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Scipio Africanus Maior, P. Cornelius Jacoby number: 232 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC 2nd century BC Historical focus: II. Chronography ( Political-Military History) | C. Autobiographies, Memoirs and Memorabilia | Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 232 F 1 Source: Polybios, Histories 10.2.1-9.3 Work mentioned: Source date: 2nd century BC Source language: Greek Fragment subject: autobiography - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby Polybios, Histories, 10.2.1-…

Rutilius Rufus, P. (815)

(8,598 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 April 2011. About this Historian Historian: Rutilius Rufus, P. Jacoby number: 815 Attested works: Historian's date: 2nd century BC 1st century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 815 T 1a Source: Appian (Appianos of Alexandria), Wars in Spain, 382 Work mentioned: Source date: 2nd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: magistrates, roman - Library of Congress military history, ancient - …

Scipio, P. Cornelius (811)

(760 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Scipio, P. Cornelius Jacoby number: 811 Attested works: Historian's date: 2nd century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 811 T 1 Source: Livy (T. Livius), History of Rome (Ab urbe condita), 40.42.13 Work mentioned: Source date: 1st century BC, 1st century BC- 1st century AD Source language: eng Fragment subject: biography-to 500 - Library of Congress magi…

Pyrrhos of Epeiros (229)

(1,301 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Pyrrhos of Epeiros Jacoby number: 229 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC 2nd century BC Historical focus: II. Chronography ( Political-Military History) | C. Autobiographies, Memoirs and Memorabilia | Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 229 F 1 Source: Dionysios of Halikarnassos, Roman Antiquities 20.10.1-2; 20.12.1-2 Work mentioned: Source date: 1st century BC Source language: Greek Fragment subject: military history, ancient - Library of Congress military history, a…

Scipio Nasica Corculum, P. Cornelius (233)

(2,564 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Scipio Nasica Corculum, P. Cornelius Jacoby number: 233 Attested works: Historian's date: 2nd century BC Historical focus: II. Chronography ( Political-Military History) | C. Autobiographies, Memoirs and Memorabilia | Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 233 F 1 Source: Plutarch, Aemilius Paullus 15.1-16.4 Work mentioned: Source date: 1st century AD 2nd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: military history, ancient - Library of Congress military history, ancient - …

Aratos of Sicyon (231)

(9,644 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans | Eckstein, Arthur
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 April 2013. About this Historian Historian: Aratos of Sicyon Jacoby number: 231 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC Historical focus: II. Chronography ( Political-Military History) | C. Autobiographies, Memoirs and Memorabilia | Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 231 T 1 Source: Anonymus, Life of Aratos 79.12 M Work mentioned: Source date: 3rd century BC Source language: Greek Fragment subject: military history, ancient - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby unknown, Life of Aratos, 79.12 Mκαὶ ἄλλοι δὲ πολλοὶ γεγ…

Ineditum Vaticanum (839)

(5,440 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 April 2011. About this Historian Historian: Ineditum Vaticanum Jacoby number: 839 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC 2nd century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 839 F 1 Source: Synesios, Codex vaticanus, 435, fol. 220 Work mentioned: Source date: 1st century AD 2nd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: mythology - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby Synesios, Cod…

Diokles of Peparethos (820)

(4,721 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Diokles of Peparethos Jacoby number: 820 Attested works: Historian's date: 3rd century BC Historical focus: III. History of Cities and Peoples ( Horography and Ethnography) | C. Authors on Single Countries | XXIX. Rome and Italy Place of origin: unknown   BNJ 820 T 1 Source: Athenaios, Deipnosophists, 2, 22 Work mentioned: Source date: 2nd century AD 3rd century AD Source language: Greek Fragment subject: food - Library of Congress Textual base: Jacoby Athenaios, Deipnosophists, 2, 22Δι…

Aufidius, Gnaeus (814)

(1,088 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 October 2010. About this Historian Historian: Aufidius, Gnaeus Jacoby number: 814 Attested …

Antigonos (816)

(1,907 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
This entry was prepared by Hans Beck and published on 1 April 2010. About this Historian Historian: Antigonos Jacoby number: 816 Attested works: …

Promathion (817)

(1,424 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans

Byzantine Empire

(2,849 words)

Author(s): Hans-Georg Beck
A. Characteristics The rise of the Byzantine world was neither the awakening of a mindless people to historical self-consciousness nor the entry of a new “barbarian” nation into the old Graeco-Roman civilization of the Mediterranean. Byzantium was, in fact, a late form of Mediterranean civilization itself with all its distinctive features, a late form of the Roman Empire, of the ancient Hellenistic mentality and the characteristic Mediterranean way of life. Byzantium regarded its inherited forms a…

Lysias

(1,983 words)

Author(s): Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Beck, Hans (Köln) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale) | Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Neudecker, Richard (Rom) | Et al.
(Λυσίας). [English version] [1] att. Logograph, 5./4. Jh. v. Chr. Attischer Logograph, 459/8 oder ca. 445 bis ca. 380 v.Chr. Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) [English version] A. Leben Die wesentlichen biographischen Fakten sind eigenen Reden des L. zu entnehmen (bes. or. 12), aus denen z.T. die späteren Viten (Dion. Hal. de Lysia; Ps.-Plut. mor. 835c ff.) und die byz. Gelehrsamkeit (Phot. bibl. 262; Suda s.v. L.) schöpfen. Geb. wohl um 445, siedelte L. im Alter von 15 J. zusammen mit seinem älteren Bruder Polemarchos i…

Nikomenes

(96 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Köln)

Malekidas

(87 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Köln)
[English version] (Μαλεκίδας, auch Μαλκίτης). Thebaner, Boiotarch während der Thebanischen Hegemonie (IG VII 2408), führte nach dem Tod des Pelopidas im Jahr 364 v.Chr. zusammen mit Diogeiton ein Heer von 7000 Hopliten und 700 Reitern gegen Alexandros [15] von Pherai, der zum Verzicht auf die Herrschaft über die thessal. Städte und zur Heeresfolge gezwungen wurde (Plut. Pelopidas 35). M. ist offenbar mit dem bei Pausanias (9,13,6) in der Schlacht von Leuktra genannten Boiotarchen Malgis identisch.…

Phyllidas

(99 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Köln)
[English version] (Φυλλίδας, auch Φιλλίδας). Thebaner, im J. 379 v.Chr. Schreiber des Polemarchen Archias [3]. Er stellte den Kontakt zu den Exilthebanern um Melon und Pelopidas in Athen her und traf die notwendigen Vorbereitungen für das Attentat auf Archias. Xenophon (Xen. hell. 5,4,2-9) schreibt Ph. ferner die Ermordung des Leontiades [2] zu (s. aber Plut. Pelopidas 7-11; Plut. mor. 577b-d; 588b; 594d; 596; 598). Beck, Hans (Köln) Bibliography R. J. Buck, Boiotia and the Boiotian Le…

Kleopompos

(68 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Köln)
[English version] (Κλεόπομπος). Sohn des Kleinias, Athener, führte als stratēgós im J. 431/0 v.Chr. eine Flotte von 30 Trieren gegen das opuntische Lokris und eroberte Thronion (Thuk. 2,26; Diod. 12,44,1). Im Jahr darauf befehligte er zusammen mit Hagnon [1] das zweite Expeditionskorps zur Rückgewinnung Poteidaias (Thuk. 2,58,1f.). Peloponnesischer Krieg Beck, Hans (Köln) Bibliography Develin 1676  …

Hippokleides

(110 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans (Köln)
[English version] (Ἱπποκλείδης). Sohn des Teisandros, Athener aus dem Geschlecht der Philaiden (Philaidai). Er warb um das J. 575 v.Chr. um Agariste [1], die Tochter des Tyrannen Kleisthenes von Sikyon, unterlag dabei aber, trotz guter Aussichten, dem Alkmaioniden (Alkmaionidai) Megakles aufgrund eines gesellschaftlichen Affronts (Hdt. 6,126-130; Athen. 14,628d) [1]. Unter dem Archontat des H. wurden, vermutlich im J. 566/5 [2. 57f.], die Panathenäen eingerichtet (Pherekydes FGrH 3 F 2; Hellanikos FGrH 4 F 22). Beck, Hans (Köln) Bibliography 1 E. Stein-Hölkeskamp, Adelskul…

Timokleia

(67 words)

Author(s): Beck, Hans
[English version] (Τιμόκλεια). Schwester des thebanischen Feldherrn Theagenes [3]. Sie wurde während der maked. Plünderung Thebens (335 v. Chr.) in ihrem Haus überfallen und vergewaltigt, konnte den Täter anschließend aber überlisten und tötete ihn. Von ihrer Courage, ihrer Würde und ihrem Stolz beeindruckt, sah Alexandros [4] d. Gr. von T.s Verurteilung ab (Plut. Alexandros 12; Plut. mor. 259d-260d; Polyain. 8,40). Beck, Hans Bibliography Berve 2, Nr. 751.
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