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Dialogue

(3,585 words)

Author(s): Mendes-Flohr, Paul
The use of the term “dialogue” to refer to authentic, that is, non-instrumental relationships between individuals or between man and God is inextricably linked with the thought of Martin Buber (1878–1965). Buber transferred the term, which he introduced in Ich und Du (“I and Thou,” 1956) in 1923, from philosophy and theology into the realms of hermeneutics (especially the interpretation of the Hebrew Bible and Jewish religious texts), translation, and politics.1. IntroductionDialogic philosophers turned away from the Western tradition of  philosophia perennis, the quest f…
Date: 2018-11-16

Cultural Zionism

(2,970 words)

Author(s): Mendes-Flohr, Paul
Cultural Zionism (or, according to the Hebrew expression, tsiyonut ruḥanit, "spiritual Zionism") denotes a concept of Judaism which is primarily characterized by ethical and spiritual rather than religious or political motives. As one of the main Zionist currents, the cultural Zionist doctrine is particularly associated with the Russian-Jewish essayist Aḥad Ha-Am (Hebrew for "one from the people," actually Asher Ginzberg, 1856-1927). Aḥad Ha-Am is considered a pioneer of modern Hebrew (Literature) and was a sharp critic of political Zionism. 1. AimAccording to Aḥad Ha-Am, …
Date: 2018-11-16

Freies Jüdisches Lehrhaus

(1,209 words)

Author(s): Mendes-Flohr, Paul
The designation Freies Jüdisches Lehrhaus (Free Jewish House of Study) was used by Franz Rosenzweig ([The] Star of Redemption) to label his conception of a Jewish adult education center. The expression alludes to the  bet ha-midrash, the (usually affiliated with a synagogue)  Lehrhaus (house of study), in which learners gather to study Midrashim – interpretative commentaries on the Torah, the doctrine revealed by God. For Rosenzweig,  Lernen was not synonymous with study in the sense of academic secular knowledge; it was rather a communion, a religious act th…
Date: 2018-11-16