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Vegistum

(78 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Celts (Ueteston, Οὐέτεστον). Town in Galatia on the southern edge of the territory of the Tolistobogii (Ptol. 5,4,7; Tab. Peut. 9,5: Vetissus), about 8 km to the west-northwest of modern Sülüklü. Regionally organised in the Roman period as δῆμος Οὐητισσέων/ dêmos Uētisséōn (MAMA 7, 363); numerous inscriptions survive from the region around V. (MAMA 7, 311-401). Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography Belke, 242  E. Kirsten, s. v. V., RE 8 A, 2437-2439.

Sozopetra

(49 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] (Σωζόπετρα/ Sōzópetra, also Ζιζόατρα/ Zizóatra, Ζάπετρα/ Zápetra; in Arabic sources Zibaṭra or Zubaṭra). City in Cappadocia in the strategia of Lauiansene, which borders on Syria (Ptol. 5,7,10), modern Doğanşehir (formerly Viranşehir), 56 km to the southwest of  Melitene. Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography Hild/Restle, 286 f.  E. Honigmann, s.v. S., RE 3 A, 1256.

Basilica Therma

(44 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] (Βασιλικὰ Θέρμα, Θέρμα, Θέρμαι Βασιλικαί; Basilikà Thérma, Thérma, Thérmai Basilikaí). City in Cappadocia, in the border region to East Galatia, today Sarıkaya (previously Terzili Haman). Thermal spa, documented as a diocese since AD 451. Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography Hild/Restle, 156f.

Garsaura, Garsauira

(62 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] (Γαρσάουρα, Γαρσαύιρα; Garsáoura, Garsaúira). Main town of the Cappadocian strategia Garsauritis, modern Aksaray; refounded by  Archelaus [7] as  Archelais (later colonia Claudia Augusta; in Str. 12,2,6 called κωμόπολις). From AD 325 to the 14th cent. attested as a bishopric. The original name was preserved (in the Seljuq period Aqsarā). Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography Hild/Restle, 205f. Mitchell 1, 95f.

Pessinus

(1,059 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Zenobia | Hellenistic states | Hellenistic states | Celts | Asia Minor | Asia Minor | Pergamum (Πεσσινοῦς; Pessinoûs). Town in Phrygia, later part of Galatia. Temple-state with a famous sanctuary of Cybele/Mater Magna (Str. 10,12; 12,5,3), crossed by the sacred creak Gallus [2], which has buried the town area with its silt deposits; modern Ballıhisar. The territory of P. reached the mountain of Dindymum in the north, including its north-eastern slopes up…

Cinna, [1]

(77 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] (Κίννα, also Κίνα; Kínna, Kína). Town in the province of Galatia, modern Karahamzalı; in Antonine times (2nd cent. AD), the district of Proseilemmene was organized as a municipality ( Proseilemmenitai); attested as a diocese of Galatia I possibly as early as AD 325, then into the 12th cent. AD. Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography Belke, 198 Mitchell 1, 96 K. Strobel, Galatien und seine Grenzregionen, in: E. Schwertheim (ed.), Forsch. in Galatien (Asia Minor Stud. 12), 1994, 59.

Galatia

(1,808 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
I. Region [German version] A. Definition Region in central Anatolia; it received its ethnically derived name following the conquest, settlement, and formation of states by the Celtic  Tolistobogii,  Tectosages, and  Trocmi, thus replacing the older names for its constituent regions (Phrygia, Cappadocia). Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) [German version] B. Geography Before 188 BC, the tribal states of G. included, in the north, peripheral areas of  Paphlagonia and the territory of the  Mariandyni (basins of Bolu and Gerede), the zone ─ rich in woodl…

Tyana

(216 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Writing | Syria | Byzantium | Christianity | Xenophon | Zenobia | | Coloniae | Ḫattusa | Asia Minor | Asia Minor | Aegean Koine (Τύανα/ Týana; Luwian Tuwana). Ancient Anatolian city, capital of southern Cappadocia, on the road to the Cilician Gates [1], modern Kemerhisar (settlement mound, aqueduct, tapping of springs). Seat of a Late-Hittite kingdom, which in the later 8th cent. BC probably came under the predominance of the Phrygian kingdom (Phryges). In the Hellenistic…

Arca

(47 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] (Ἄρκα; Árka). Town in  Armenia minor, present-day Akçadaǧ. Statio on the road Caesarea-Melitene (Arcas: Itin. Anton. 211,3), colonia Arca. Evidence of a bishopric from AD 431. Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography F. Hild, M. Restle, Kappadokien (TIB 2), 1981, 152 f. G.Hirschfeld, s.v.A. 4, RE 2, 1118.

Cybistra

(73 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Ḫattusa (Κύβιστρα; Kýbistra). Town in  ‘Cataonia at the end of the road from the Cilician Gates across the Taurus, later also called Heraclea; modern Tont Kalesı, 13 km south-east of Ereğli; belonged later to  Cappadocia II. It was a diocese from AD 325 and an archdiocese from c. 1060. Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography W. Ruge, s.v. Kybistra, RE Suppl. 4, 1123 Hild/Restle, 188-190.

Siberis

(61 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] (Σίβερις). Right-hand tributary of the Sangarius, dangerous because of its flooding (Procop. Aed. 5,4,1-3), also called Hieros flumen  (Plin. HN 5,149), modern Kirmir Çayı (otherwise still in [1]). From the 1st until the 3rd cent. AD it formed the border between Bithynia and Galatia (Plin. loc.cit.). Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography 1 W. Ruge, s. v. Hieros flumen, RE 8, 1589. Belke, 224.

Eudoxias

(77 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[German version] (Εὐδοξιάς; Eudoxiás). City of Galatia II, named after the wife of Arcadius or the daughter of Theodosius II, probably Hamamkarahisar (Arslani [1. 447-464]) at the foot of the  Dindymum ([2. 129] incorrectly attributes this area to Germia); documented to have been a bishopric from 451 onwards (Hierocles, 698,2). Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography 1 M. Waelkens, Germa, Germokoloneia, Germia, in: Byzantion 49, 1979 2 Mitchell 2. K. Belke, Germia und E., in: W. Hörandner et al., Byzantios. FS H. Hunger, 1984 Belke, 163.

Arabissos

(60 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Christentum (Ἀραβισ(σ)ός). Stadt in Kappadokia, h. Afşin (früher Yarpuz), nahe dem Zusammenfluß von 3 Quellarmen des Pyramos (Itin. Anton. 210,11). Ende des 4. Jhs. Hauptquartier der legio XII Moderatiana. Als Suffraganbistum seit 381 n. Chr. erwähnt. Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography F. Hild, M. Restle, Kappadokien (TIB 2), 1981, 144 f.

Kerkenes Dağı

(187 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[English version] Bergmassiv südl. von Sorgun, in hethit. Zeit wohl der Kultberg Daḫa bei Zippalanda (Kuşaklı Höyük). Nach 600 v.Chr. Errichtung der Stadt Pteria, der größten vorgesch. Stadt Anatoliens (ca. 2,5 km² dicht bebaut): planmäßige Anlage mit herrschaftlichen, administrativen und mil. Komplexen, nachträgliche Verdichtung der einphasigen Bebauung; Lehmziegeloberbau des Stadtwalls (ca. 7,5 km L) wohl aus polit. Gründen nicht vollendet; zahlreiche Tumuli. Neues Zentrum des durch die lyd. Expansion auf den Osten beschrän…

Eudoxias

(72 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[English version] (Εὐδοξιάς). Stadt der Galatia II, nach der Gattin des Arkadios oder der Tochter Theodosios' II. benannt, wohl Hamamkarahisar (Arslani [1. 447-464]) am Fuß des Dindymon ([2. 129] rechnet dieses Gebiet zu Unrecht zu Germia); als Bistum seit 451 bezeugt (Hierokles, 698,2). Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography 1 M. Waelkens, Germa, Germokoloneia, Germia, in: Byzantion 49, 1979 2 Mitchell 2. K. Belke, Germia und E., in: W. Hörandner u.a., Byzantios. FS H. Hunger, 1984 Belke, 163.

Libyssa

(62 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[English version] (Λίβυσσα, auch τὰ Βουτίου). Ort an der Nordküste des Golfs von Izmit am Fluß Libyssos (Λίβυσσος, h. Tavsançıl Deresi); in der Nähe lag das Grabmal Hannibals (Arr. FGrH 156 F 28; Plin. nat. 5,148; Tzetz. chil. 1,803ff.). Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography Th. Wiegand, Zur Lage des Hannibalgrabes, in: MDAI(A) 27, 1902, 321-326  W. Ruge, s.v. L./Libyssos, RE 13, 203.

Arka

(45 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[English version] (Ἄρκα). Stadt in Armenia Minor, h. Akçadaǧ. Station der Straße Kaisareia-Melitene (Arcas: Itin. Anton. 211,3), colonia Arca. Als Bischofssitz seit 431 n.Chr. belegt. Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography F.Hild, M. Restle, Kappadokien (TIB 2), 1981, 152f.  G. Hirschfeld, s.v.A. 4, RE 2, 1118.

Kales

(41 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[English version] (Κάλης). Emporion und Fluß in Bithynia im Gebiet von Herakleia [7]; h. wahrscheinlich Alaplı an der Mündung des Alaplı Çayı. Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography W. Ruge, s.v. K., RE 10, 1603  K. Belke, Paphlagonien und Honorias, 1996, 223.

Nakida

(55 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[English version] (hethit. Naḫita). Wichtige vor- und frühgesch. Siedlung und byz. Festungsstadt [1], h. Niğde; übernahm nach der Zerstörung von Tyana 833 n.Chr. die Funktion als Hauptstadt der südl. Kappadokia. Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography F. Prayon, Kleinasien vom 12.-6. Jh.v.Chr. (TAVO Beih. B 82), s.v. N. Hild/Restle, 243f.  B. Radt, Anatolien, Bd. 1, 1993, 140-143.

Germia

(62 words)

Author(s): Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt)
[English version] (Γέρμια). Stadt am Nordrand des Dindymon in der Galatia II, h. Gümüşkonak (früher Yürme; anders [1]); seit 553 als Suffraganbistum, dann als Erzbistum belegt. Eudoxias Strobel, Karl (Klagenfurt) Bibliography 1 M. Waelkens, Germa, Germokoloneia, G., in: Byzantion 49, 1979, 447-464. K. Belke, G. und Eudoxias, in: W. Hörandner, Byzantios. FS H. Hunger, 1984, 1-11 Belke, 166-168, 247 Mitchell II, 129.
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