Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān

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Trust and Patience

(4,528 words)

Author(s): Alexander, Scott C.
Belief in another's integrity, justice or reliability, and forbearance in the face of adversity. According to the Qurʾān, trust and patience are two distinguishing virtues (see virtues and vices, commanding and forbidding ) of the “faithful” person (i.e. muʾmin; see belief and unbelief ). There are two qurʾānic concepts typically translated by the English word “trust.” The first, tawakkul (ʿalā), is a maṣdar (abstract noun expressing action) derived from the fifth form of the Arabic root w-k-l, meaning “to give oneself over to” ( istaslama ilayhi), “to rely/depend on” ( iʿtamada ʿala…