[German version] (Δόλων/
Dólōn, cf. δόλος/
dólos, ‘guile’). Son of the Trojan herald Eumedes. During a night reconnaissance raid in the Greek camp, for which he had volunteered in order to gain Achilles' immortal horses, he fell into the hands of the Greek scouts Diomedes and Odysseus. In an (unsuccessful) bid to save his skin, he readily betrayed his own cause, which cost the life of the Trojan ally, the Thracian King Rhesus (Hom. Il. 10, so-called Doloneia, probably post-
Iliad ; [Eur.] Rhes.). By contrast with this portrait of D. ─ for the Stoa he was the archetypical coward (Plut. Mor. 76a) ─ he is depicted more favourably in Virgil (Aen. 12,346ff.). Nünlist, René (Basle) Bibliography
1 G. Danek, Studien zur Dolonie, 1988. D. Williams, s.v. D., LIMC 2.1, 660-664.