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Forentum

(114 words)

Author(s): Gargini, Michela (Pisa)
[German version] City in Apulia (Φερέντη; Pheréntē, Diod. Sic. 19,65,7; Forentum, Hor. Carm. 3,4,16; Forentani, Plin. HN 3,105). Roman from 317 BC (Liv. 9,20), a municipium from the time of Augustus. Identification with modern Forenza has been abandoned in favour of Lavello (in the northern Basilicata). The ancient settlement was located on the hill in Lavello. There is evidence of settlement from the Neolithic to the Imperial period, which receded in the 3rd cent. after the colonia of Venusia was established in 291 BC. Gargini, Michela (Pisa) Bibliography Nissen 2, 831 E. Greco, Magn…

Sipontum

(183 words)

Author(s): Gargini, Michela (Pisa)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Socii (Roman confederation) | | Coloniae City on the Adriatic coast to the south of Berges Garganus, modern Siponto. Of Daunian origin, according to  Str. 6,3,9 founded by Diomedes [1], in 330 BC occupied by Alexander [6]  (Liv. 8,34), in 194 BC a Roman colonia (Liv. 34,45), in 185 BC renewed colonisation (Liv. 39,23). Port significant to the trade in grain (Cic. Att. 16,7,1;  Str. 6,3,9). Remains of the city have been found in two different zones: the pre-Roman period (10th-3rd centurie…

Campi Phlegraei

(114 words)

Author(s): Gargini, Michela (Pisa)
[German version] (Greek, Φλέγρα, Φλεγραῖον πεδίον, Φλεγραῖα πεδία; Phlégra, Phlegraîon pedíon, Phlegraîa pedía). Name of a coastal strip north of  Campania (between Capua, Nola and Vesuvius: FGrH 566 Timaeus fr. 89; Pol. 2,17,1; from Cuma to Pozzuoli: Str. 5,4,4; Plin. HN 3,61; 18,111); the name was coined by the Chalcidians, who founded  Cumae; Phlegra ( Pallene,  Chalcidice), the volcanic home of the giants, is supposed to be the root of the place name, possibly because of this region's similar volcanic nature. Gargini, Michela (Pisa) Bibliography BTCGI 4, s.v. Campi Flegrei…

Salernum

(407 words)

Author(s): Gargini, Michela (Pisa)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Socii (Roman confederation) | | Coloniae City on the Sinus Paestanus in the territory of the Picentes deported there in 268 BC (Str. 5,4,13), modern Salerno on the Irnio in the northeast of the gulf; a colonia (Coloniae), castrum Salerni, by resolution of the Roman Senate in 197 BC, settled in 194 BC  (Liv. 32,29,3; 34,45,2; Vell. Pat. 1,15,3;  cf. Ptol. 3,1,7: Σάλερνον/ Sálernon) on the land of an earlier Oscan-Etruscan settlement (individual finds and necropoleis of the Archaic Period in the quarter of F…

Saticula

(155 words)

Author(s): Gargini, Michela (Pisa)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Tribus | Coloniae Fortified city in Samnium (Samnites), probably near modern Sant'Agata dei Goti on the right bank of the Isclero, a left-hand tributary of the Volturnus. Bitterly fought over during the 2nd Samnite War, S. was conquered by the Romans in 315 BC (Liv. 9,21 f.; Diod. Sic. 19,72,4: Σατικόλα/ Satikóla) and in 313 secured by the establishment of a colony (Liv. 27,10; Vell. Pat. 1,14,4; Plin. HN 3,107; Fest. 340). Two km from Sant'Agata dei Goti, a necropolis with numerous red-figure…

Genusia

(90 words)

Author(s): Gargini, Michela (Pisa)
[German version] (modern Ginosa). City west of Tarentum ─ the original centre of the Peucetii; Roman municipium ( Genusini, Plin. HN 3,105). Settlements existed from the Iron Age until the late Roman period; funerary finds. Gargini, Michela (Pisa) Bibliography E. de Juliis, L'attività archeologica in Puglia nel 1983, Atti del XXIII Convegno di Taranto (1983), 1984, 421-446, 429-431 Id., Magna Grecia, 1996, 266 T. Scholjer, Notiziario delle Attività di Tutela, Settembre 1987-Agosto 1988. Ginosa (Taranto), via S. Francesco Saverio, Taras, VIII, 1-2, 1988, 114f. M. T. Giannotta, …

Sarnus

(242 words)

Author(s): Gargini, Michela (Pisa)
[German version] River in Campania (Plin. HN 3,9,62; in Vibius Sequester 138 also a mountain S.; in Oros. 4,15,2 f. erroneously identified with the Arno; Ptol. 3,1,7; Tab. Peut. 6,5 without being called by name; Procop. Goth. 4,35 calls it Δράκων/ Drákōn, 'Dragon'), gently flowing with abundant water (Sil. Pun. 8,537), which empties into the Sinus Puteolanus at Nuceria [1], modern Sarno. Conon [4] traced the name of the S. back to Pelasgians who settled there from the Peloponnese, calling the S. Sarro and themselves Sarrastae (FGrH 26 F 3; cf. Verg. Aen. 7,738; Sil. Pun. 8,536 …

Oplontis

(98 words)

Author(s): Gargini, Michela (Pisa)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Villa Concentration of villas in Campania (cf. Tab. Peut. 6,5; Eplontis, Geogr. Rav. 4,32; Guido, Cosmographia 33; Opolontis, Geogr. Rav. 5,2) on the littoral road from Neapolis [2] via Herculaneum to Pompeii, Stabiae and Sorrentum, today Torre Annunziata. Ancient remains: villa A of the gens Poppaea (phase I: middle of the 1st cent. BC); villa B of L. Crassus Tertius (dating back into 2nd cent. BC). Gardens (illustrated) Gargini, Michela (Pisa) Bibliography BTCGI 12, 464-474  A. De Franciscis, s.v. O., EAA 4, suppl. 2,…

Misenum

(400 words)

Author(s): Gargini, Michela (Pisa)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Villa | Coloniae | Regio, regiones The foothills of M. in the extreme south of the Campi Phlegraei define the western boundary of the Bay of Naples, as does the Promunturium Minervae (modern Punta della Campanella) to the east. According to Vergil (Verg. Aen. 6,162ff.; 234ff.) M. was named after Aeneas's trumpeter Misenus [1], who died there. According to Strabo (1,2,18; 5,4,6) M. was said to be connected with Odysseus's companion Misenus [2]. The foothills encompass…

Trebula

(357 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) | Gargini, Michela (Pisa)
(Τρήβουλα; Trḗboula). [German version] [1] Sabine town This item can be found on the following maps: Tribus Town of the Sabini tribe (Str. 5,3,1; Plin. HN 3,107; ILS 442: Mutuesca; Obseq. 41-43: Mutusca), c. 65 km northeast of Rome on a side street of the via Salaria , c. 1 km to the east of Monteleone Sabino (Rieti). In 290 BC, they were probably subjugated by the Romans like the other Sabini (cf. Flor. Epit. 1,10; Oros. 3,22,11); still a vicus (ILS 21a) in 149 BC. After the abolition of the prefectures it became a municipium , tribus Sergia, with octoviri (cf. ILS 6554)…