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(819 words)

Author(s): Müller, Ludger | Bizer, Christoph
[German Version] I. Catholic Church – II. Protestantism I. Catholic Church A godparent or sponsor is a Christian who (along with the parents) accompanies the baptizand or confirmand on his or her path to Christian initiation. The earliest precursors of godparents are already mentioned in the Traditio apostolica (15 and 20) and Tertullian ( Bapt. 18). The office originated in the nascent catechumenate (I) and in the growing practice of infant baptism. To counter tendencies during the Middle Ages to increase the number of godparents, the Council of Trent ¶ imposed a limit of one godf…

Bohemian and Moravian Brethren

(5,375 words)

Author(s): Funda, Otakar A. | Meyer, Dietrich | Bizer, Christoph | Freundt, Albert H. Jr. | Wessel, Carola
[German Version] I. Unity of Bohemian and Moravian Brethren – II. Renewed Unity of Brethren, Herrnhuters I. Unity of Bohemian and Moravian Brethren 1. Beginnings. The Unity of Brethren associated itself with the concerns of the Hussite reform movement (J. Hus), especially the theology of the Taborites. The church should be subject to the norms of the praxis of Christ and of the Early Church …


(8,280 words)

Author(s): Ahn, Gregor | Waschke, Ernst-Joachim | Stemberger, Günter | Sellin, Gerhard | Schwöbel, Christoph | Et al.
[German Version] I. Resurrection of the Dead 1. History of religions a. Resurrection as a religious category. The concept of resurrection has been shaped extensively by connotations drawn from the tradition of Christian theology. In this sense, it is understood as a unique event that takes the body and soul of a human being, separated at death, and reunites them for a new, eternal life in the next world. Here it serves to mark a distinction from other notions of a postmortal existence (e.g. reincarnation, metempsyc…


(287 words)

Author(s): Drehsen, Volker | Bizer, Christoph
[German Version] 1. Ernst Christian (Jan 13, 1838, Bremen – Apr 10, 1912, Marburg). Studied theology in Heidelberg (1857–1859) and Halle (1860); served as a Reformed curate in Arsten and pastor in Hastedt (1862) and Wuppertal-Unterbarmen (1875); 1882–1911 as professor of practical theology at Marburg. Achelis first made his mark as a biblical homiletician and as an …


(741 words)

Author(s): Müller, Ludger | Bizer, Christoph
[English Version] I. Katholisch Pate (pater spiritualis, patrinus) ist ein Christ, der einen Täufling bzw. Firmling (neben dessen Eltern) auf seinem Weg der christl. Initiation begleitet. Schon in der sog.  Traditio Apostolica (15; 20) und bei Tertullian (bapt. 18) sind erste Vorläufer des Patenamtes belegt; es hat seinen Ursprung im entstehenden Katechumenat (: I.) wie auch in der aufkommenden Praxis der Kindertaufe (Taufe). Entgegen ma. Tendenzen zu einer Vielzahl von P. nahm das Tridentinum eine…