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Sallius

(209 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] S. Aristaenetus Senator, governor of Thracia between AD 253 and 260 Senator; governor of Thracia between AD 253 and 260 (AE 1978, 724); descendant of S. [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. S. Aristaenetus Senator, imperial legate of Moesia inferior under Caracalla or Elagabalus Senator, possibly from Byzantium. There are records of his career in CIL VI 1511 = ILS 2934 up to his office as iuridicus of Picenum and Apulia; later, he became a consul [1. 163]. Probably he was governor of Pontus-Bithynia, and afterwards probably imperial legate…

Servaeus

(273 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q. S. Senator, who as a praetorian accompanied Germanicus [2] to the East. There he converted Commagene into a province (Tac. Ann. 2,56,4). In 20 AD he took part in a lawsuit against Calpurnius [II 16] Piso in the Senate (Tac. Ann. 3,13). Later in alliance with Aelius [II 19] Seianus, in 32 after the latter's overthrow he was convicted, to the regret of many in the Senate (Tac. Ann. 6,7,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q. S. Fuscus Cornelianus Senator from Gightis in Africa. After being a praetor dealing with the cura viae Salariae ('care for the Salarian …

Pompusius Mettius

(37 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Praefectus aerarii Saturni for four years, AD 80-83 (InscrIt 13,1 p. 307). He is not identical to the Mettius Pompusianus mentioned in Suet. Vesp. 14. PIR2 M 570; P 783. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Bruttia

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] B. Crispina = Crispina Augusta, daughter of Bruttius [II 5], wife of Commodus from AD 178; exiled to Capri after an alleged adultery, and later killed (Cass. Dio 72,4,6) [1. no. 149]. PIR2 B 170. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Raepsaet-Charlier.

Tettienus

(177 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Galeo T. Petronianus Senator from Asisium. Cos. suff. in AD 76. Brother of T. [2]. Probably the adoptive father of T. [3]; [1. 263]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 M. Gaggiotti, L. Sensi, Italia: regio VI (Umbria), in: EOS 2, 263. [German version] [2] T. T. Serenus Brother of T. [1]. Praetorian governor of Lugdunensis in c. AD 78-80 [1. 300]; cos. suff. probably in 81. Member of the pontifices [2. 8 f.; 3. 449 f.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter, in: Chiron 12, 1982, 281-362 2 L. Sc…

Princeps iuventutis

(537 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (Greek πρόκριτος τῆς νεότητος/ prókritos tês neótētos, Cass. Dio 55,9,9; 78,17,1; 'the first/most select among the youth'; the English word 'prince' derives from it). In the Republic, the term was used in the plural for the patrician equestrians organized in special units ( t urma ); as only the younger patricians served actively in the cavalry, the principes iuventutis could be described as the seminarium senatus ('nursery of the Senate') (Liv. 42,61,5). Cicero was already applying the term to individuals, already employing the distinction respective of the princep…

Fabulla

(97 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of a certain Asiaticus, mentioned in the will of Domitius [II 25] Tullus as the recipient of a legacy (AE 1976, 77); she is presumably identical to the F. mentioned in Apollonius [14] of Tyana as the wife of Valerius, proconsul of Asia (Epist. 58). The latter is perhaps identical to Valerius Asiaticus, cos. in AD 94, proconsul of Asia 108/9 [1. 292ff.]. In this case the Letter of Apollonius would be fictitious. Cf. PIR2 F 92. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Zum neuen Fr. des sog. Testamentum Dasumii, in: ZPE 30, 1978, 277-295.

Curtia Flavia Archelais Valentilla

(29 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Woman of consular rank, a member of the landed gentry of Lydia [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Petzl, in: EA 26, 1996, 9ff.

Rubellia Bassa

(40 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Probably the daughter of Rubellius [3] Blandus or of one of his sons, married to a senator Octavius [II 4] Laenas, grandmother of Sergius Octavius [II 6] Laenas Pontianus, cos. ord. in AD 131. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Laetus

(120 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Successful commander of Septimius [II 7] Severus during the Parthian War of AD 195 and again in 198. L. was murdered because he was too popular with the army; Severus denied that this was on his orders; L. probably fell victim to the thirst for power of the praetorian prefect Fulvius [II 10] Plautianus. PIR2 L 69. L.'s identification is disputed: according to [1. 116f.] he was identical to Iulius Laetus, who led the vanguard of Severus' army on their march into Rome in 193, and who in 197, allegedly after much hesitation, won the vic…

Corellius

(167 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. Neratius C. Pansa Cos. ord. 122 AD Cos. ord. AD 122; son of Corellia Hispulla, a daughter of C. [2], and probably of one of the Neratii from Saepinum; related to the family of Domitius Apollinaris, cos. suff. 97 [1; 2. 487, 598]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Q.C. Rufus Cos. suff. 78 AD Perhaps from Laus Pompeia [3]. Suffect consul probably in AD 78; governor of Germania superior in 82; according to Plin. Ep. 1,12,6f. an opponent of Domitian, but not openly. He was commissioned by Nerva to buy up and distribute land…

Otho

(736 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] M. Salvius Otho, Roman emperor in AD 69, born on 28.4.32 AD. The family came from Ferentum in Etruria. O.'s grandfather was the first in the family to be admitted to the Senate. His father was L. Salvius Otho, cos. suff. in 33; his mother, Albia Terentia, came from an equestrian family. From the time of Augustus, the family of the Salvii was closely connected with the domus Augusta. His father was accepted by Claudius [III 1] into the Patriciate, as was the young O. at the same time, too. Of his senatorial career, only the quaestorship is known; t…

Adoptive emperors

(398 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] The term adoptive emperor (AE) is applied to the emperors from  Nerva to  Marcus Aurelius because they each adopted their respective successor. The special characteristic was that the successor supposedly came from outside the family: sed Augustus in domo successorem quaesivit, ego in re publica ( Galba in his speech at the adoption of L.  Calpurnius Piso Frugi, Tac. Hist. 1,15,2). Among the Julio-Claudian dynasty, Rome was supposed to have been unius familiae quasi hereditas. The reason why the successor, per adoptionem, should be the ideal form of rulership…

Cuspius

(112 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.C. Camerinus Cos. suff. 126 AD from Pergamum Pergamenian who entered the Senate under Nerva or Trajan; suffect consul in126 AD [1]. Father of C. [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, M. Roxan, in: FS H. Lieb, 1995, 77ff. [German version] [2] L.C. Pactumeius Rufinus Cos. ord. 142 AD, friend of Aelius Aristides Son of C.[1]. Cos. ord. in AD 142. Often stayed in Pergamum where he also built the temple of Asclepius. A friend of Aelius Aristides (PIR2 C 1637). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] L.C. Rufinus Cos. ord. 197 AD Probably the grandson of C.…

Acerronia

(39 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Polla, confidante of Agrippina, who perished during the staged shipwreck in the Gulf of Baiae in AD 59 (Tac. Ann. 14,5 f.; Cass. Dio 61,13,3). Daughter of Acerronius [1] (PIR2 A 34). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Cosconia Gallitta

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Cornelius Lentulus Maluginensis, cos. suff. in AD 10; wife of the praetorian praefect Seius Strabo [1. 307ff.]. PIR2 C 1528. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, AA.

Iuventia

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] I. Maxima. Wife of C. Cassius Statilius [II 9] Severus Hadrianus. She is probably identical with the homonymous daughter of Lucius, attested in Berytus in AE 1998, 1437. She may have originated from Syria, like her husband. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Nomenclator

(269 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Mostly a slave, who called out to his master, especially an office-holder or a candidate to an office, the names of people coming to meet him. This was particularly important during elections to an office, since the candidate had to convey the impression that he remembered each one of his constituents personally. Cicero’s brother especially emphasizes this aspect in his Commentariolum petitionis, which is also our source for the function and importance of the nomenclator. Plinius (HN 29,19) describes the nomenclator as follows: alienis oculis agnoscimus, aliena …

Arrecina

(26 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Tertulla, daughter of Arrecinus [1] Clemens, Titus' first wife who died early (Suet. Tit. 4,2; PIR2 A 1074). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Sallienus

(45 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. S. Clemens. Senator who was praetor in AD 56 (AE 1960,64). In the year 65, he attacked Iunius [II 14] Gallio, the brother of the deceased Seneca, in the Senate, but the Senate rebuffed him (Tac. Ann. 15,73,3). Eck, Werner (Cologne)
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