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Perithoedae

(69 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Περιθοῖδαι; Perithoîdai). Attic asty deme of the phyle Oineïs with three bouleutaí. On the basis of the site of the funeral inscription IG II2 7219 and mythological speculation P. is mostly located to the west of Athens in the Cephisus valley along the Sacred Road (present day Aigaleo)(Athenai II.7.). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 49, 68, 111 Nr. 107, Tab. 6  Whitehead, 84, 210, 371.

Myrrhinutta

(76 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Μυρρινοῦττα/ Murrhinoûtta). Small Attic (paralia?) deme of the phyle of Aigeis, one bouleutḗs; tentatively located at Nea Makri [1] or Vourva [2. 24ff.]. Strab. 9.1.22 should be read as M., and not Myrrhinús [1]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 128, 146f. 2 E. Vanderpool, The Location of the Attic Deme Erchia, in: BCH 89, 1965, 21-26. Traill, Attica, 16f., 41, 69, 111 nr. 90, table 2  Whitehead, 23, 73, 84, 370.

Potamus

(264 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ποταμός/ Potamós). Name borne by three Attic demes of the phyle Leontis: (1) and (2) were asty demes in the upper Ilissus valley, divided into Upper P. (Π. καθύπερθεν/ P. kathýperthen) at the Kaisariani monastery with two bouleutaí and Lower P. (Π. ὑπένερθεν/ P. hypénerthen) in modern Panepistemioupolis with one or two bouleutaí, from 307/6 to 201/200 BC in  Demetrias [2]. Boundary-rock inscriptions on  Alepovouni [1; 2] presumably marked the border between Upper and Lower P. [3. 117]. (3) P. Deiradiôtai (Π. Δειραδιῶται). Paralia deme, from 307/6 to 201/0 BC a…

Dema

(105 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Modern Greek Δέμα). Incomplete (?) towerless, polygonal wall, 4.3 km in length with numerous sally gates and two watchtowers that, at Ano Liosia, sealed the northern access between Parnes and Aigaleos from Thriasia into the Pedion. Constructed either in 404 BC after the banishment of the Thirty [2] or in 378/375 BC in the Boeotian War [1]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 M. H. Munn, The Defense of Attica, 1993 2 A. Skias, Τὸ λεγόμενον Δέμα καὶ ἄλλα ἐρείπια [ Tò legómenon Déma kaì álla ereípia], in: ArchE 1919, 35-36. J. P. Adam, L'architecture militaire grec…

Pergase

(91 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Περγασή/ Pergasḗ; Demoticon Περγασῆθεν/ Pergasêthen). Attic Mesogeia deme of the Erechtheis phyle, divided into upper and lower P. (Π. καθύπερθεν/ P. kathýperthen, Π. ὑπένερθεν/ P. hypénerthen) each with two bouleutaí, one part of which went over to the Antigonis phyle in 307/6 BC. According to Aristoph. Equ. 321, P. was on the road from Athens to Aphidna (near modern Chelidonou?). The burial inscription IG II2 7205 is from Varibopi near Tatoï. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 6, 38, 59, 69, 111 Nr. 105f., 126, Tab. 1, 11  Whitehead, Index s.v. P.

Hybadae

(48 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ὑβάδαι; Hybádai). Attic mesogeia(?) deme of the phyle Leontis, with two (one)   bouleutaí . Location unknown. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography E. Meyer, s.v. H., RE Suppl. 10, 327 Traill, Attica, 6, 18, 46, 62, 69, 110 no. 57, table 4 Id., Demos and Trittys, 1986, 131.

Assesus

(257 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἀσσησός; Assēsós). Proto-Greek settlement with Carian name within the territory of the polis of  Miletus (Steph. Byz. s.v. A.), about 6.5 km south-east of the metropolis, home to the important extra-mural sanctuary of  Athena Assesia, which had been burned down by the Lydian king Alyattes in the 6th year of his reign (shortly before 600 BC), but later rebuilt by him at the behest of the Delphian oracle (Hdt. 1,19-22). Town and sanctuary were discovered in 1992 east of the Mengereb…

Cephale

(129 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κεφαλή; Kephalḗ). Attic paralia deme of the phyle Acamantis, nine (12)   bouleutaí , modern Keratea [4. 47]. C.'s eponymous hero, Cephalus [1], was the ancestral hero of the Cephalids, the kings of  Thoricus. Early Mycenaean princely residence at an elevation of 220 m [2], in classical times presumably several settlement centres. Important necropolis (from the geometric period into the 4th cent. BC) in Rudseri [1]. Numerous cults [1. 491; 3], i.a. of Aphrodite [3. 36] and the  Dioscuri (Paus. 1,31,1). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 H. G. Buchholz, Ein …

Ericea

(79 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἐρίκεια/ Eríkeia, from ἐρείκη/ Ereíkē, ‘brier’?). Attic asty(?)-deme of the Aegeis phyle, one bouleutes (after 307/6 BC two). Its location determined to be near Kypseli as the finding-place of a decree (IG II2, 1215, beginning of the 3rd cent. BC) in which an unknown deme honours a donor for the repairs to cultic installations. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica 16, 39 with n. 10, 59, 70, 74 n. 10, 110 no. 42, table 2 Whitehead Index s.v. E.

Marathon

(577 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Μαραθών; Marathṓn). Large Attic paralia deme of the Aeantis phyle, 10 (?) bouleutai , in a flat coastal area in the east of Attica, capital of the Attic Tetrapolis (M., Oenoe, Probalinthus, Tricorynthus), not identical with modern Marathonas. The name is pre-Greek. There are important prehistoric, ancient and early Christian remains at various sites on the plain (map [10. 223 fig. 271]): Neolithic and Early Helladic settlement near Nea Makri (Probalinthus?) [8; 9; 10. 219],…

Leontis

(164 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Λεωντίς; Leōntís, epigraphically Λεοντίς; Leontís). Since the reform of phyles of Cleisthenes in 508/7 BC, the fourth of ten phyles of Attica (IG II2 417, 478, 1742, 1744, 1752, 1926, 2409, 2818); eponymous hero Leos (Λεώς; Leṓs) in Paus. 1,5,2. In the 4th cent. BC the L. comprised 20 demes, of which seven were in the asty-trittys Scambonidae, four in the paralia-trittys Phrearrhii and nine in the mesogaia-trittys Hecale(?). Five demes changed over from 307/6 to 201/20 BC to the Macedonian phyles of Antigonis and Demetrias. In 224/3 BC, Hecale w…

Trinemeia

(94 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Attica (Τρινέμεια; Trinémeia). Attic mesogeia deme, of the Cecropis phyle, two bouleutaí, at the source of the Cephissus [2] (Str. 9,1,24) to the northeast of modern Kifissia in the valley of the modern Kokkinaras. An ephebe ( Ephēbeía ) from T. (IG II2 1028 col. III Z. 143) is an addendum to the list of the Cecropis phyle, but this does not attest to a second T. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica 51, 69, 85, 112 No. 140, 122, Tab. 7.

Sypalettus

(57 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Συπαληττός/ Sypalēttós). Attic mesogeia deme of the Cecropis phyle, with two bouleutaí. The site of the Lex sacra IG I3 245 (470/460 BC) locates S. at Nea Ionia (formerly Kukuvaones) to the north of Athens. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 10 f., 51, 68, 85, 112 Nr. 132, 121, Tab. 7  Whitehead, Index s. v. S.

Cettus

(75 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κηττός; Kēttós). Attic asty [2] or mesogeia deme [3] of the phyle Leontis, three (four) bouleutaí. Inscriptions confirm neither the location near Daphni [2] nor the one in the region north-east of Menidi [3. 174f.]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, Attica, 18, 43, 62, 68, 110 no. 66, table 4 2 J. S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 81 fn. 7, 130 3 E. Vanderpool, The Acharnanian Aqueduct, in: Χαριστήριον εἰς Ἀναστάσιον Κ. Ὀρλάνδον 1, 1965, 166-175.

Athmonon

(203 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἄθμονον; Áthmonon). Attic mesogeia deme of the  phyle Cecropis, later of Attalis; five (six?) bouleutai. In A., which bordered  Phlya in the south (?) (IG II2 2776 Z. 49; [1; 2]), lay the sanctuary of Artemis Amarysia (Paus. 1,31,5), whose name lives on in the erstwhile village Marusi (today Amarousio). Here two border stones of the sanctuary (IG I2 865; [2]) were found, as well as a decree of the Athmoneans (IG II2 1203) which relates to the festival of Amarysia, mentions an agon and was set up ‘in the sanctuary’ (of Artemis). Discovery of grave ins…

Scambonidae

(85 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Σκαμβωνίδαι; Skambōnídai). Attic asty deme of the Leontis phyle, from 126/7 AD of the Hadrianis phyle, with three (four) bouleutaí, in the northwest of Athens. The Lex Sacra IG I3 244 of the S. deme records a dḗmarchos [3], an eúthynos ( Eúthynai ), métoikoi , an agora and participation in the synoíkia festival in Athens, possibly also a tamías . Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 18, 44, 59, 62, 68, 112 Nr. 127, Tab. 4, 15  Whitehead, Index s. v. S.

Agryle

(110 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἀγρυλή; Agrylḗ). Attic   asty-deme (upper and lower A.) of the   phyle Erechtheis (trittys Euonymeis), from 306-201 BC of the  Antigonis, after 200 BC of the Attalis, with three to five bouleutai, bordering on  Ancyle (IG II2 2776 l. 58-59 [2. 70]) on the western slopes of the  Hymettus, above the Panathenaean stadion (Harpokr. s. v. Ἀρδηττός/Ardettos, Str. 9,1,24), near the modern Pankrati.  Panathenaea;  Trittyes Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, Attica, 37, 59, 62, 67 ff., 109 no. 3, 4, 123, 125, table 1 2 S. G. Miller, A Roman Monument in the At…

Teichiussa

(113 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Τειχιοῦσσα; Teichioûssa). Fortified settlement in Milesia (from teichióeis 'with high walls': Hom. Il. 2,559; 646), 18 km to the southeast of Miletus [2] on the Basilikos Kolpos (modern Akbük Limanı) on the Saplı Adası peninsula, attested from the 6th cent. BC until the 3rd (IDidyma 6; Archestratus fr. 55; Stratonicus in Ath. 8,351a and b;  Thuc. 8,26; 28), the demotikon T(e)ichiesseís until the Imperial Period. In the 5th cent. T. was a member of the Delian League (ATL 1, 553 f.). Finds from between the 8th and 3rd cents. BC are recorded, after that T. was abandoned. Loh…

Oeum Cerameicum

(82 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Οἶον Κεραμεικόν/ Oîon kerameikón). Attic mesogeia deme of the phyle of Leontis. From 307/6 to 224/3 BC it belonged to the phyle of Demetrias; with one bouleutḗs. The suffix kerameikón (Harpocr. s.v. O.) indicates the proximity to the deme of Cerameis and to the Kerameikos [1. 44 with note 17]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, Attica, 8, 44, 62, 69, 105, 111 nr. 96, 14, table 4, 12. J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 131, 148f.  Whitehead, Index s.v. O.

Ilis(s)us

(202 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἰλισός/ Ilisós, Ἰλισσός/ Ilissós). One of the two main rivers of the plain of Athens (Str. 9,1,24), the other being the  Cephis(s)us [2]. Having its source on the north-western slope of the  Hymettus it turned towards the southwest at the southern edge of Athens (today completely built over and as in antiquity seasonal). It is disputed whether the I. emptied itself into the sea at Phalerum or into the Cephisus north of Piraeus [2. 164 fig. 213]. The Eridanus (Paus. 1,19,5) was a tri…
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