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Boos, Martin

(275 words)

Author(s): Bischof, Franz Xaver
[German Version] (Dec 25, 1762, Huttenried near Augsburg – Aug 29, 1825, Sayn near Bendorf/Rhein) studied theology at the University of Dillingen with, among others, J.M. Sailer, with whom he remained a lifelong friend. After consecration to the priesthood in 1786, he worked as a chaplain in…

Pöschl, Thomas

(277 words)

Author(s): Bischof, Franz Xaver
[German Version] (Mar 2, 1769, Höritz, Bohemian Forest – Nov 15, 1837, Vienna). After studying theology at Vienna and Linz, Pöschl was ordained to the priesthood in 1796 and appointed chaplain in Braunau am Inn. Influenced especially by M. Boos, J.E. Goßner, and Engelbert Maurer, a revivalist preacher in Graz, Pöschl became an enthusiastic millennialist (Millenarianism) in his preaching and pastoral contacts; he also held a doctrine of the devil that called Napoleon a “living d…

Vatican I

(4,068 words)

Author(s): Bischof, Franz Xaver | Unterburger, Klaus | Klausnitzer, Wolfgang
[German Version] I. History, Process, Results 1. Annoucement and preparation. The idea of holding a general council for the church to assert its authority and its defensive stance against a modernity shaped by Enlightenment and revolution was first suggested to Pius IX during exile in Gaëta. The plan took shape after the pope – two days before the publication of the encyclical Quanta cura and the Syllabus on Dec 8, 1864, and in close connection with their condemnation of modern fallacies – carried out a first confidential consultation with the cardinals reg…

Castor, Saint

(112 words)

Author(s): Bischof, Franz Xaver
[German Version] (Saint's day: Feb 13). According to a vita from the High Middle Ages, Castor came from Aquitania and was a contemporary of Bishop Maximinus of Trier (died 346). He became priest and lived as a recluse in Karden (Mosel), where his remains were discovered under Bishop Weomad (died 791) and interred in the nearby Paulinus Church (renamed after Castor in ¶ the 10th/11th cent.); in 836, Archbishop Hetti (died 847) transferred some of them to the collegiate church built by him in Koblenz.…

Feßler, Joseph

(213 words)

Author(s): Bischof, Franz Xaver
[German Version] (Dec 2, 1813, Lochau – Apr 25, 1872, St. Pölten), bishop of St. (Sankt) Pölten and council secretary. He became a priest in 1837, a schoolmaster in 1838/39, professor of church history and canon law in Brixen in 1842, in Vienna in 1852 (after 1856 only of canon law), assistant bishop and vicar general for Vorarlberg in Feldkirch (diocese of Brixen) in 1862.…

Dalberg, Karl Theodor Anton Maria v.

(198 words)

Author(s): Bischof, Franz Xaver
[German Version] (Feb 8, 1744, Mannheim – Feb 10, 1817, Regensburg) became governor of Mainz in Erfurt in 1771 (becoming ass…

Christine, Saint

(107 words)

Author(s): Bischof, Franz Xaver
[German Version] (of Bolsena; feast day Jul 24). Her cult has been attested since the 4th century in the catacombs of Bolsena (Latium) named after her, and she is portrayed on a mosaic in San Apollinare Nuovo (Ravenna). A legendary Greek passio (first attested in an Oxyrhynchos papyrus from the 5th cent.) and other, probably dependent, sources such as the Martyrologium Hieronymianum, which mention a martyr Christine from Tyre (Lebanon) on the same day, are at odds with this evidence. Franz Xaver Bischof Bibliography ActaSS Iul. V, 1727, 495–534 V. Fiocchi Nicolai, I cimiteri paleocrist…

Expeditus, Saint

(475 words)

Author(s): Bischof, Franz Xaver | Betz, Hans Dieter
[German Version] I. General – II. Significance in the Voodoo Cult – III. Iconography I. General Saint Expeditus was a …