[German Version] The word
panichida is based on the Greek παννυχίς/
pannychís (“all night [
sc. service]”); in the Russo-Slavic church, it refers to what the Greek church calls a parastas (from παράστασις/
parastasis), a memorial service. It is modeled on the structure of Matins (Orthros: Worship: II, 7). Very popular with Orthodox churchgoers, today it is a comparatively short (and often further abbreviated) memorial service for the liturgical commemoration of the dead (Memorials to the dead), leading up to a prayer to God for an “eternal memorial” of an individual or the dead in general. It can be held at any time at the request of mourners, but it also has a defined place in the liturgical cycle of the Orthodox Church. Karl Christian Felmy Bibliography S. Heitz,
Mysterium der Anbetung, vol. I, 1986, 459–475 K.C. Felmy, “Die Verwandlung des Schmerzes,” in: H. Becker,
Im Angesicht des Todes, 1987, 1087–1133.