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Dāwūd b. ʿAbd Allāh b. Idrīs al-Faṭānī

(393 words)

Author(s): Voorhoeve, P.
or Faṭṭānī , i.e., from Patani on the N.E. coast of the Malay Peninsula, a Malay author living in Mecca in the first half of the 13/19th century. He belonged to the S̲h̲aṭṭāriyya order. He wrote popular tracts as well as extensive handbooks on S̲h̲āfiʿite fiḳh , theology and orthodox mysticism. All these works are translations from the Arabic into Malay, more literal than those of ʿAbd al-Ṣamad al-Palimbānī [ q.v.]. They aim at a public not learned enough to read Arabic fluently, but familiar, to a certain degree, with the structure of the language. His earliest d…

ʿAbd al-Ṣamad b. ʿAbd Allāh al-Palimbānī

(415 words)

Author(s): Voorhoeve, P.
, i.e. of Palembang in Sumatra, was a pupil of Muḥammad al-Sammān (d. 1190/1776), the founder of the Sammāniyya order (cf. Brockelmann, S II, 535 and Nachtr.). He is known chiefly as translator of al-G̲h̲azālī’s Lubāb Iḥyāʾ ʿUlūm al-Dīn into Malay, under the title of Sayr al-Sālikīn ilā ʿIbādat Rabb al-ʿĀlamīn . It was begun in 1193 and finished at Ṭāʾif in 1203. The translation is very free, shortened in some places, enlarged elsewhere by numerous additions, the sources of which are enumerated in book iii, bāb 10. Here we …

ʿAbd al-Raʾūf b. ʿAlī al-Ḏj̲āwī al-Fanṣūrī al-Siṅkilī

(479 words)

Author(s): Voorhoeve, P.
, religious teacher, b. c. 1620 at Singkel, north of Fanṣūr (west coast of Sumatra), d. after 1693, and buried at the mouth of the Acheh river. He studied for nineteen years in Arabia, was initiated into the S̲h̲aṭṭāriyya ṭarīḳa by Aḥmad al-Ḳus̲h̲ās̲h̲ī and his successor Ibrāhīm al-Kūrānī, and returned about 1661 to Acheh, whence this ṭarīḳa was propagated by his pupils throughout Indonesia, especially in Java. Directions for "recitation" ( d̲h̲ikr ), as practised by this order, form, the most important subject of his writings, the majority of …

Ḥamza Fanṣūrī

(160 words)

Author(s): Voorhoeve, P.
, Indonesian Ṣūfī, author of. Malay treatises and poems, from Pansur, i.e., Barus on the west coast of Sumatra. He lived before S̲h̲ams al-Dīn of Pasai (d. 1630) who cited his poems and commented on them, and before the doctrine of emanation in seven grades became popular in Indonesia through the influence of Muḥammad b. Faḍl Allāh’s (d. 1620) work al-Tuḥfa al-mursala ; his lifetime may thus have been the second half of the 10th/16th century. He belonged to the school of mysticism characterized by names like Ibn al-ʿArabī and ʿIrāḳī. Works: Asrār al-ʿārifīn , S̲h̲arāb al-ʿās̲h̲iḳīn

ʿAbd Allāh b. ʿAbd al-Ḳādir

(895 words)

Author(s): Ophuysen, C.A. van | Voorhoeve, P.
(Malay pronunciation Abdullah bin Abdulkadir), surnamed Muns̲h̲iʾ , i.e. teacher of languages, was "the greatest innovator in Malay letters" (R. O. Winstedt, A history of Malay literature, JMBRAS, 1940, ch. xii). He was born in 1796 in Malacca, where his grandfather, the son of S̲h̲ayk̲h̲ ʿAbd al-Ḳādir, who came originally from Yaman, had settled. At an early age, ʿAbd Allāh received lessons in Malay from his father, who is said to have been an expert Malay scholar, and endeavoured to make himself fully master of this lan…

Atjèh

(9,115 words)

Author(s): Juynboll, Th.W. | Voorhoeve, P. | Piekaar, A.J.
1 (Atchin, Achin), the most northerly part of the island of Sumatra. Here flourished the once powerful Muslim empire of Atjèh, which is now a province of the Indonesian Republic. The southern limit was, under Dutch rule, formed by the residencies of Tapanuli and "Sumatra’s Oost-kust", now the province Sumatra Utara. In earlier times the province (or at least the sphere of political sovereignty) of Atjèh extended much farther towards the south. A considerable part of both the east and west coasts…

Ḏj̲inn

(3,665 words)

Author(s): MacDonald, D.B. | Massé, H. | Boratav, P.N. | Nizami, K.A. | Voorhoeve, P.
according to the Muslim conception bodies ( ad̲j̲sām ) composed of vapour or flame, ¶ intelligent, imperceptible to our senses, capable of appearing under different forms and of carrying out heavy labours (al-Bayḍāwī, Comm. to Ḳurʾān, LXXII, 1; al-Damīrī, Ḥayawān , s.v. d̲j̲inn ). They were created of smokeless flame (Ḳurʾān, LV, 14) while mankind and the angels, the other two classes of intelligent beings, were created of clay and light. They are capable of salvation; Muḥammad was sent to them as well as to mankind…