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Autophradates

(155 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Αὐτοφραδάτης; Autophradátēs). [German version] [1] Persian naval commander against Philippus II and Alexander the Great Identical or related to the satrap of Lydia at the time of…

Metron

(62 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Μήτρων; Mḗtrōn). One of the basilikoi paides , responsible for the arsenal of Alexander [4] the Great in 330 BC. He heard of the conspiracy of Dimnus from Cebalinus, and reported it to Alexander (Curt. 6,7; Diod. 17,79,4-5). He is not to be identified with a trierarch of the Hydaspes fleet (Arr. Ind. 18,5). Badian, Ernst…

Alexander historians

(302 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Collective name for the ancient authors, who wrote about the history and biography of  Alexander [4] (the Great).  Callisthenes was his court historian and fulfilled the duties expected of him until their quarrel. Many of the later histories are based on his, which was published right away (until 330 BC?). Of the eyewitnesses, only  Ptolemaeus and  Aristoboulus [7] seem to have described all campaigns; both praised Alexander. They wrote many years later, used Cal…

Mazarus

(67 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Μάζαρος; Mázaros). Hetaîros ( hetaîroi ) of Alexander [4] the Great. According to Arrian (Arr. Anab. 3,16,9), he was appointed fortress commander in Susa in 331/30 BC. Curtius (5,2,16) names Xenophilus instead. Since the name M. is Iranian, Arrian probably confused him with the Persian predecessor. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography A. B. Bosworth, A Historical Commentary on Arrian's History, vol. 1, 1980, 319.

Bucephalus, Bucephalas

(115 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Βουκεφάλας; Boukephálas). Thessalian warhorse, a gift to  Alexander [4] as a boy. He was allegedly the only person capable of breaking him in. He never rode any other and it is illustrated with him…

Gorgus

(126 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Γόργος; Górgos). In 324 BC, G. of Iasos ─ in the role of the ‘keeper of weapons’ ( hoplophýlax, ὁπλοφύλαξ) ─ interceded with  Alexander [4] the Great on behalf of the Samians expelled by the Athenians and tried to persuade Alexander to start a campaign against Athens (Ath. 12,538b). After the latter's death, G. had Iasos allow the return of Samians to Athens at the city's expense. The newly created community of Samos honoured him and his brother  Minnion for their merits by granting them citizenship among other things (Syll.3 312). The brothers had succeeded in obtai…

Thersippus

(102 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Θέρσιππος; Thérsippos). Participant in Alexander [4] the Great's campaign. Alexander sent him from Marathus to Darius [3] in 333/2 with a reply to his first offer of peace (Arr. An. 2,14,4; Curt. 4,1,14); perhaps identical with the T. who after Alexander's death is honoured in a decree by the Nesiotae [2] (OGIS 4) (see [1. vol. 1,369; vol. 2.2,376]). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography 1 G. A. Droysen, Gesch. des Hellenismus, 3 vols., 21877/8 (reprint of this ed. 1952/3, ed. by E. Bayer, 1980) 2 Berve, No. 368 3 E. Poddighe, Il decreto dell'isola di Nes…

Peithon

(377 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Πείθων; Peíthōn). [German version] [1] Indo- Greek satrap In 325 BC, P., son of Agenor, was appointed by Alexander [4] the Great as the satrap for the coast of India and the banks of the Indus as far as the mouth of the Acesines. He took Musicanus prisoner and brought him before the king, manned the new fortresses on the left bank of the Indus and met up with Alexander at Pattala. When Alexander had to give up a large part of India in 323 BC, he transferred P. to Gandhara (Gandaritis), a move which was…

Pythionice

(90 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Πυθιονίκη/ Pythioníkē). Famous hetaera (Hetaerae), probably Athenian, mocked by comedians (Ath. 8,339). Called c. 329 BC by Harpalus to Babylon, where she bore him a daughter (Plut. Phocion 22,1), he showered her with plundered treasures (Diod. Sic. 17, 108,5). After her death, Harpalus had her deified as Aphrodite P. Her grave monuments in Babylon and Athens are often mentioned (mostly with indignation) (as in Ath. 13,594d-595c; Paus. 1,37,5; Plut. Phocion 22, 1-2). They allegedly cost more than 200 talents (Theopomp. apud Ath. ibid.). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge…

Polyperchon

(582 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Πολυπέρχων/ Polypérchōn). [German version] [1] Commander under Alexander the Great P. (not Polysperchon, cf. OGIS 1, p. 12 n. 14), son of Simmias (Arr. Anab. 2,12,2) from Tymphaea (Tzetz. Schol. Lycoph. 802), leader of the Tymphaean táxis of the pez(h)étairoi under Alexander [4] the Great from 333 BC; able, but never outstanding. According to Curt. 8,5,22-24, his derision (but in Arr. Anab. 4,12,12 that of Leonnatus) thwarted the introduction of the proskýnēsis . According to Curt. 8,11,1, he too…

Barsine

(79 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Βαρσίνη; Barsínē). Artabazus' daughter, first married to Mentor of Rhodes, then to his brother Memmon. After the battle of Issus, B. was captured in Damascus. She became Alexander the Great's lover and gave birth to his son  Heracles (probably in 327 BC). She and her son returned to Asia Minor, probably soon after Alexander's marriage to Roxane. In 309 she was murdered in Pergamum following  Polyperchon's order. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve 2, no. 206.

Aboulites

(62 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Satrap of  Susa under  Darius, father of  Oxathres. In 331 BC he handed the city over to  Alexander [4] with 50,000 silver  talents and was confirmed as satrap. The subdued  Uxii were subordinated to him. During the cleansing after Ale…

Ada

(124 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Younger daughter of  Hecatomnus, ruled  Caria with her brother and husband  Idrieus, after his death (344/3 BC) alone under Persian suzerainty. Deposed by her brother  Pixodarus, withdrew to the fortress Alinda, where she remained unmolested. When  Alexander [4] reached Caria (324), she handed Alinda over to him and adopted him, which secured for him the sympathies of the Carian cities and put him in view of succession. She was recognized as the Queen of Caria and she commanded Ca…

Moerocles

(117 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Μοιροκλῆς/ Moiroklês, Harpocr. s.v. M.), from the dḗmos of Salaminii. Athenian politician, indicted for dishonest administration around 350 BC by Eubulus [1]. M. was one of the men whose extradition Alexander [4] the Great demanded in 335, but did not subsequently insist upon (Arr. Anab. 1,10,4; Plut. Demosthenes 23,4). In a comedy of 324, he was placed on a list of those bribed by Harpalus (Athen. 8,341f.), but he was not on the list of accused as presented by the Areopagus following an investigation. In the same year, as a member of the Eleven ( héndeka

Harpalus

(332 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Ἅρπαλος; Hárpalos). Son of Machatas, nephew of  Derdas [3] and  Phila from the dynasty of  Elimea (Ath. 13,557c), in his youth a friend of  Alexander [4] the Great and, in 337 BC, banned by  Philippus II together with the others. Physically unfit for active service, he became Alexander's treasurer (Arr. Anab. 3,6,6). At the end of 334, he fled to Megara for reasons unknown, but he was given back his old post by Alexander in the spring of 331. In 330, he remained in  Ecbatana for g…

Langarus

(74 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Λάγγαρος; Lángaros). King of the Agrianes, already a friend of Alexander [4] during the lifetime of Philip II. In 335 BC, L. attacked the Autariatae as Philip's ally to plunder their land and cover Alexander's rear in his campaign against Cleitus [8] and Glaucias [2]. Alexander rewarded him generously and offered him his half-sister Cyn(n)ane as wife, but L. died before the wedding (Arr. Anab. 1,5,1-5). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)

Coenus

(180 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Κοῖνος; Koînos). [German version] [1] Son of Polemocrates, took part in all of Alexander's battles Son of Polemocrates, brother of  Cleander [3], probably from  Elimea, whose platoon of  pezetairoi he commanded; he was granted land by  Philippus II.. In 335/4 BC, C. married a daughter of  Parmenion. C. took part in all of Alexander's [4] battles from Europe to the  Hydaspes and was badly wounded at  Gaugamela. In eastern Iran, C. also acted independently, i.a. in the decisive battle against  Spitamenes. Durin…

Derdas

(184 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Δέρδας; Dérdas). A common name in the royal family of Elimea. [German version] [1] Son of a princess of Elimea, 5th cent. BC Son of  Arrhidaeus [1] and a princess of  Elimea, who in alliance with Philippus, son of  Alexander [2], and with Athenian support, attacked Athens' confederate  Perdiccas (Thuc. 1,57). In a later Athenian treaty with Perdiccas (IG I3 no. 89), he, along with other Macedonian princes, swore the oath (l. 69). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography E. Badian, From Plataea to Potidaea, 1993, 172-4 S. Hornblower, Greek Historiography, 1994, 127-30 HM 2, 18, 122f. …

Pausippus

(43 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Παύσιππος; Paúsippos). Spartan, member of a delegation to Darius [3] that Alexander [4] the Great captured either in 333/2 BC near Damascus (thus Curt. 3,13,15) or in 330 after Darius' death (thus Arr. Anab. 3,24,4). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)

Stasanor

(147 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Στασάνωρ/ Stasánōr). A Greek from Soli, hetairos ( hetaíroi ) of Alexander [4] (Arr. Anab. 3,29,5; Str. 14,6,3). In 329 BC he was entrusted with taking the Satrap of Areia into custody, whom he brought to the king, and with becoming his successor (Arr. Anab. 3,29,5; 4,7,1). In the winter of 328/7, Alexander also conferred Drangiana on him (Arr. Anab. 4,18,3; Curt. 8,3,17). After Alexander's losses in Gedrosia, S. brought him camels and pack animals and then returned to …

Thymondas

(88 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Θυμώνδας; Thymṓndas). Son of Mentor [3], general of Darius [3]; in the summer of 333 BC he took the mercenary army of his dead uncle Memnon [3] to Darius (Arr. An. 2,2,1; Curt. 3,3,1). As commander of Greek mercenaries he took part in the battle of Issus (Curt. 3,9,2) and may have lost his life during the mercenaries' flight to Egypt. (Arr. An. 2,3,1-3). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography J. E. Atkinson, A Commentary on Q. Curtius Rufus Hist. Alexandri Magni, vol. 1, 1980, 206  Berve, Nr. 380.

Cassander

(933 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Κάσσανδρος; Kássandros). Son of  Antipater [1], born before 353 BC (Ath. 1,18a), sent by his father in 324 in his place to  A…

Abisares

(184 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Indian prince named after his tribe (the Abhisari), who was allied with  Poros. His territory reached from the southern chain of the Karakorum to Kashmir in the east and Hazera (near Rawalpindi) in the west. He supported the resistance to  Alexander [4] in Swat (Arr. Anab. 4,27,7; 30,7), but then sent him presents at Taxila (loc. cit. 5,8,3; in Curt. 8,13,1 false: homage). He was absent from the battle of the Hydaspes ( Hydaspes) even though it was expected that he would support P…

Sibyrtius

(148 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Σιβύρτιος; Sibýrtios). Friend of Peucestas [2]. He was installed as satrap of Carmania by Alexander [4] in 325 BC, but was soon redeployed to Gedrosia with Arachosia and Oreitae (Arr. Anab. 6,27,1) and was confirmed in office by Perdiccas [4] and Antipater [1]; after 323, however, only Arachosia is mentioned (Diod. 18,3,3; Arr. FGrH 156 F 9,36). He allied himself to Eumenes [1] (Diod. 19,14,6), but had to flee when the latter accused him of high treason (Diod. 19,23,4; 19,27,4). A…

Phila

(220 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Φίλα; Phíla). [German version] [1] One of the wives of Philip [4] II. According to Satyrus in Ath. 13,557c, one of the wives of Philippus [4] II, sister of Derdas [3] and Machatas [1]. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) [German version] …

Pharnuches

(127 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Φαρνούχης; Pharnoúchēs), a Lycian interpreter (though, as his name shows, from a Persian colonist family), was assigned in 329 BC by Alexander [4]  the Great to a task force under the leadership of three hetaíroi that was to relieve the fortress of Marakanda from siege by Spitamenes. By means of the incompetence of the officers the troops were almost completely annihilated. It is impossible that a P. had three hetaíroi under his command (as Arr. Anab. 4,3,7 reports on the authority of Ptolemaeus and Aristobulus [7]): it is certain that he was, as …

Leonnatus

(276 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Λεόννατος; Leónnatos). L., who was born around 356 BC to the royal house of Lyncestis ( Lyncus), may have been the son of a certain Anteas. In 336 he took part in the prosecution of the murderer of Philippus II. As one of his hetairoi, L. was sent by Alexander [4] the Great with a message of solace to the family of Darius [3] (Arr. Anab. 2,12,5; also Curt.; Diod. Sic.). Appointed to the somatophylakes (‘bodyguards’) (Arr. Anab. 3,5,5), L. took part in the coup against Philotas (Curt. 6,8,17) and attempted to prevent the killing of Cleitus [6]. L. confounded the plan to introduce pr…

Mylleas

(46 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Μυλλέας; Mylléas). Son of  Zoilus from Beroea [1]. In 326 BC he was one of the trierarchs of  Alexander  [4] the Great's Indus fleet (Arr. Ind. 18,6). M.'s son Alexander was granted citizenship in Athens  (IG II/III2 710). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)

Dropides

(91 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Δρωπίδης; Drōpídēs). From an aristocratic Athenian family (an ancestor with the same name was an archon in 645/4 BC and related to  Solon); according to Curtius 3,13,15, he was one of the three Athenian emissaries to  Darius [3] captured by  Parmenion after the battle of  Issus (in 333). The account in Arrian An. 3,24,4, needs to be corrected in some details where it deviates from Curtius [1. 1, 233f.] but reports credibly that  Alexander [4] had him arrested. His fate is unknown. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography 1 Bosworth, Commentary.

Argeads

(188 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] First Macedonian royal house, emerged into history under  Amyntas [1], ruled the Macedonian coastal plain from Aegae around 510 BC. Amyntas submitted to Darius and was rewarded with territorial expansion and connections to the  Achaemenids. His son  Alexander [2] remained loyal to  Xerxes during the invasion of Greece but established contacts with the Greeks and in the end was on the side of the victors. His claim to be descended from the  Temenidae (Argos) was based on legend and…

Deditio

(298 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Deditio in potestatem or ─ with a similar meaning ─ deditio in fidem (Pol. 20,9,10-12),was an autonomous state's, nominally, always voluntary surrender of sovereignty to Rome. It was the precondition for the peaceful end of war, and in peace for securing the protection of Rome. After formal acceptance of deditio by the Senate or an appropriately authorized (pro-)magistrate with imperium the surrendered community ceased to exist. Its citizens, gods and possessions became the property of Rome, and Rome could deal with them as it thought fit…

Abdalonymus

(57 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Impoverished offspring of a king of  Sidon, put in the place of Straton as city-king by  Alexander [4] and outfitted richly. Embellished in Curt. 4,2,15-26 and Diod. Sic. 17,47 as a philosophical novella. He is probably the person for whom the  Alexander Sarcophagus was made. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve II no. 1.

Spitamenes

(197 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Σπιταμένης/ Spitaménēs). Prince in Sogdiana, father of Apama [1] (Arr. Anab. 7,4,6), remained loyal to Bessus after the death of Darius [3] until he despaired of him and in 329 BC, in concert with Dataphernes, handed him over to Alexander [4] (thus Aristobulus [7]; Ptolemaeus [1] wrote himself into the action: Arr.  Anab. 3,30). After Alexander's departure S. triggered a partisan war, supported by Bactrian princes and Sacae tribes, who also give him sanctuary. After a temporary oc…

Basilikoi paides

(178 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (βασιλικοὶ παῖδες). Lat. pueri regii, Pagen des maked. Königs: Knaben, die er sowohl als Geiseln wie auch als “Pflanzschule für Heerführer und Offiziere” (Curt. 8,6,6) aus der Aristokratie rekrutierte. Unter Alexandros [4] waren es über 50; sie begleiteten und bewachten den König, leisteten ihm persönliche Dienste und standen unter strenger Hauszucht (Curt. 8,6,2-6), weshalb Griechen sie oft als Sklaven bezeichneten. Ob die älteren an der Seite des Königs kämpften, ist nicht sicher. …

Leonnatos

(241 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Λεόννατος). L., geb. um 356 v.Chr., aus dem Königshaus von Lynkestis (Lynkos), vielleicht Sohn eines Anteas, nahm 336 an der Verfolgung des Mörders von Philippos II. teil. Als einer seiner Hetairoi wurde L. von Alexandros [4] d.Gr. mit einer Trostbotschaft zur Familie des Dareios [3] geschickt (Arr. an. 2,12,5; ebenso Curt.; Diod.). Unter die sōmatophýlakes (“Leibwächter”) aufgenommen (Arr. an. 3,5,5), nahm L. am Staatsstreich gegen Philotas teil (Curt. 6,8,17) und versuchte, die Tötung von Kleitos [6] zu verhindern. Den Plan, die proskýnēsis

Amicitia

(376 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] A. und amicus umfassen auch im Lat. persönliche, philos. und sozial-polit. Aspekte der Freundschaft. Die Nutzung von a. als Ausdruck sozialer und polit. Beziehungen zw. Individuen oder Staaten und ihre unter griech. Einfluß (Philia, Freundschaft) erfolgte Einführung in die Philos. durch Cicero lassen dann familiaris zur ungezwungenen Bezeichnung für den “Freund” werden. Amicus und a. drücken innerhalb Roms sowohl die Beziehung zw. gleichrangigen hochstehenden Personen als auch die Bindung zw. diesen und abhängigen Personen aus: Aris…

Moirokles

(107 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Μοιροκλῆς, Harpokr. s.v. M.), aus dem dḗmos Salaminioi, athenischer Politiker, wurde um 350 v.Chr. von Eubulos [1] wegen unlauterer Amtsführung angeklagt. M. war einer der Männer, deren Auslieferung Alexandros [4] d.Gr. 335 verlangte, doch dann nicht darauf bestand (Arr. an. 1,10,4; Plut. Demosthenes 23,4). 324 wurde er in einer Komödie auf eine Liste der von Harpalos Bestochenen gesetzt (Athen. 8,341f.), war aber nicht auf der Liste der Beschuldigten, die der Areios pagos nach einer …

Argeadai

(172 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] Erstes maked. Königshaus, beherrschte um 510 v. Chr., bei Amyntas' [1] Erscheinen in der Gesch., von Aigai aus die maked. Küstenebene. Amyntas unterwarf sich Dareios und wurde mit Gebietserweiterung und Verbindung mit den Achaimenidai belohnt. Sein Sohn Alexandros [2] blieb Xerxes bei der Invasion von Griechenland treu, nahm aber mit den Griechen Fühlung auf und war zuletzt auf der Seite der Sieger. Sein auf Sage und falsche Etym. gestützter Anspruch, von den Temenidai (Argos) ab…

Lanike

(65 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Λανίκη; wohl Kurzform von Ἑλλανίκη, Hellaníkē, Curt. 8,1,21). Schwester des Kleitos [6], Amme Alexandros' [4], der sie nach Kleitos' Tod angeblich klagend apostrophierte (Arr. an. 4,9,3f.; Curt. 8,2,8f.). L.s Ehemann ist unbekannt. Zwei ihrer Söhne fielen bei Miletos, einer - Proteas - wurde als Trinkkumpan Alexandros' berühmt (Athen. 4,129a; Ail. var. 12,26). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve, Nr. 462, vgl. Nr. 664.

Metron

(52 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Μήτρων). Einer der basilikoí paídes und 330 v.Chr. für das Waffenlager Alexandros' [4] d.Gr. verantwortlich; er erfuhr durch Kebalinos von der Verschwörung des Dimnos und erstattete Alexandros darüber Meldung (Curt. 6,7; Diod. 17,79,4-5). Mit einem Trierarchen der Hydaspesflotte (Arr. Ind. 18,5) kann er nicht identisch sein. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)

Ada

(116 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] Jüngere Tochter des Hekatomnos, regierte Karia mit ihrem Bruder und Mann Idrieus, nach dessen Tod (344/3 v. Chr.) allein, unter persischer Oberhoheit. Von ihrem Bruder Pixodaros gestürzt, zog sie sich in die Festung Alinda zurück, wo sie unbehelligt blieb. Als Alexandros [4] Karia erreichte (324), übergab sie ihm Alinda und adoptierte ihn, was ihm die Sympathien der karischen Städte sicherte und die Rechtsnachfolge in Aussicht stellte. Sie wurde als Königin von Karia anerkannt un…

Abdalonymos

(47 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] Verarmter Nachkomme eines Königs von Sidon, von Alexandros [4] an Stelle Stratons als Stadtkönig eingesetzt und reich ausgestattet. Bei Curt. 4,2,15-26 und Diod. 17,47 als philos. Novelle ausgeschmückt. Er ist wohl der Grabherr des Alexandersarkophags. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve II Nr. 1.

Pausippos

(40 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Παύσιππος). Spartaner, Mitglied einer Gesandtschaft an Dareios [3], die von Alexandros [4] d.Gr. entweder 333/2 v.Chr. bei Damaskos (so Curt. 3,13,15) oder 330 nach Dareios' Tod (so Arr. an. 3,24,4) gefangengenommen wurde. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)

Abulites

(59 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] Satrap von Susa unter Dareios, Vater des Oxathres. 331 v. Chr. übergab er Alexandros [4] die Stadt mit 50 000 Talenten Silber, wurde als Satrap bestätigt. Ihm wurden die unterworfenen Uxii unterstellt. Bei der Säuberung nach Alexandros' Verlusten in Gedrosia (324) wurden A. und sein Sohn hingerichtet. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve 2, Nr. 5.

Mazaros

(61 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Μάζαρος). Hetaíros ( hetaíroi ) von Alexandros [4] d.Gr., nach Arrianos (Arr. an. 3,16,9) 331/30 v.Chr. in Susa als Burgkommandant eingesetzt. Curtius (5,2,16) nennt dort Xenophilos. Da der Name M. iran. ist, hat Arrianos ihn wahrscheinlich mit dem pers. Vorgänger verwechselt. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography A.B. Bosworth, A Historical Commentary on Arrian's History, Bd. 1, 1980, 319.

Peukestas

(232 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Πευκέστας). [English version] [1] Befehlshaber der Besatzung in Äg. unter Alexander d. Gr. Sohn des Makartatos, mit Balakros [2] unter Alexandros [4] d.Gr. Befehlshaber der Besatzung in Äg. (Arr. an. 3,5,5, 331 v.Chr.). In der Nekropole von Saqqara wurde ein Erlaß des P. zum Schutz einer Priesterbesitzung gefunden. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography E.G. Turner, A Commander-in-Chief's Order from Saqqâra, in: JEA 60, 1974, 239-342. [English version] [2] Trierarch der Hydaspes-Flotte Alexanders d. Gr. Sohn des Alexandros aus Mieza, 326 v.Chr. Trierarch der Hyda…

Pythionike

(93 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[English version] (Πυθιονίκη). Berühmte, wahrscheinlich athenische Hetäre ( hetaírai ), von Komikern verspottet (Athen. 8,339). Sie wurde ca. 329 v. Chr. von Harpalos nach Babylon berufen, wo sie ihm eine Tochter gebar (Plut. Phokion 22,1) und von ihm mit erbeuteten Schätzen überschüttet wurde (Diod. 17, 108,5). Nach ihrem Tod ließ Harpalos sie als Aphrodite P. vergotten. Ihre Grabmäler in Babylon und Athen werden oft (meistens mit Entrüstung) erwähnt (so Athen. 13,594d-595c; Paus. 1,37,5; Plut. Phokion 22, 1-2). Sie kosteten angeblich über 200 Talente (Theop. bei Athen. l.c.). Ba…

Peithon

(305 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Πείθων). [English version] [1] Indogriech. Satrap P., Sohn des Agenor, wurde von Alexandros [4] d.Gr. 325 v.Chr. als Satrap der Küste Indiens und Ufer des Indos bis zur Mündung des Arkesines eingesetzt. Er nahm Musikanos gefangen und führte ihn zum König, bemannte die neuen Festungen am linken Indosufer und traf mit Alexandros bei Papala zusammen. Als Alexandros 323 den Großteil Indiens aufgeben mußte, versetzte er P. nach Gandhara (Gandaritis), was ihm von Perdikkas [4] und nach der Schlacht von Tri…
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