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Servilia

(468 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Half-sister of M. Porcius [I 7] Cato, 1st cent. BC Born in c. 100 BC, daughter of Q. Servilius [I 13] Caepio and Livia [1], half-sister of M. Porcius [I 7] Cato. In c. 85, she married M. Iunius [I 9] Brutus (d. in 77) and became the mother of the future murderer of Caesar, M. Iunius [I 10] Brutus. S.'s second husband, the lacklustre D. Iunius [I 30] Silanus with whom she had three daughters probably owed his consulate to her. The intelligent, independent and poised woman who remained close to Caesar even aft…

Ventidius

(893 words)

Author(s): Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] Legate of Q. Cornificius [3] in Africa vetus, killed in 42 BC in the battle against T. Sextius [I 2] (App. B Civ. 4,228; 236). Perhaps the V. who was proscribed in 43 and fled ( ibid. 4,198). Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] V., P. Presumed father of V. [I 3]. Scholarship often saw him as an Italic leader in the Social War [3], settled in Asculum, where he was said to have died with the entire local nobility in 89 BC (Oros. 5,18,26; cf. CIL IX 5254: freedman of a P. V.). However, Ventidii…

Vibullius

(397 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Uncommon Roman gens name, possibly of Etruscan origin (Schulze, 405). I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] V. Rufus, L. Follower and close confidant of Cn. Pompeius [I 3] Magnus, from no later than 49 BC his praefectus [8] fabrum. In 56 BC he was sent to Cicero to stop him resisting Caesar's land distribution in Campania (Cic. Fam. 1,9,10); in 54 he was a courier for Caesar (Cic. Ad Q. fr. 3,1,18). At the outbreak of the civil war in 49 BC he was sent to Picenum to enlist troops for Pompey (Caes. B Civ. 1,15,4). He took over…

Celerius, P.

(81 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (in editions of Tacitus erroneously P. Celer); patrimonial procurator in Asia to Claudius and Nero (I. Eph. 7,2,3043/44; SEG 39, 1172). At the end of 54, C. murdered Iunius Silanus, procos. Asiae, at the behest of  Agrippina; in 57 accused in the Senate by the Province of Asia; but the trial was dragged out until his death (Tac. Ann. 13,1,2. 33,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography W. Eck, in: Splendissima Civitas, Études ... en hommage à F. Jaques, 1996, 67ff.

Bassaeus Rufus, M.

(94 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Of low descent, lacking the usual education (Cass. Dio 71,5,2f.). In the army, he advanced to the office of primus pilus, held procuratorial positions in Spain, Noricum, and Gallia/Germania, and became a rationibus, praef. vigilum, praef. Aegypti in 168/169 [1. 297], praef. praetorio from 169 to before AD 180. He was honoured with the ornamenta consularia and, after his death, with three statues in Rome (CIL VI 1599=ILS 1326 [2. 389-393]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, Lista dei Prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p, in: ZPE 17, 1975 2 Pflaum, 1.

Arrius

(618 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Latin gentile name of Italian origin. I. Republic [German version] [I 1] A. (1st half of 1st cent. BC) Made fun of by Catull (Carm. 84) due to affected pronunciation. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 2] A., C. Neighbour of Cicero Neighbour of Cicero at his Formianum (Cic. Att. 2.14.2; 15.3). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 3] A., L. City praetor of Cales City praetor of Cales (ILLRP 560). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 4] A., Q. Praetor in 73 BC Praetor in 73 BC [1]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Schulze, 422-423. …

Pompeia

(437 words)

Author(s): Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Granddaughter of Sulla, second wife of Casesar Granddaughter of Cornelius [I 90] Sulla, sister of Q. Pompeius [I 6] Rufus. From 67 BC onwards, the second wife of Caesar (Plut. Caesar 5). Within the context of the Bona Dea scandal, Caesar separated from her in 62, alleging that he suspected P. of infidelity (Cic. Att. 1,13,3; Plut. Caesar 10,8-9; Plut. Cicero 29,9; Suet. Iul. 6,3; 74,2; Cass. Dio 37,45,2). Stegmann, Helena (Bonn) [German version] [2] Daughter of Pompeius Magnus Daughter of Pompeius [I 3] Magnus and Mucia Tertia, engaged to be married to …

Celer

(305 words)

Author(s): Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Cognomen, the origin of which is given in a story by Plutarch (Coriolanus 11,4); also a nickname [1. 66,248]. [German version] [1] Military tribune Military tribune who intervened in Judaea against internal Jewish disturbances. Sent for judgement to Rome, he was returned to Jerusalem by the emperor and there beheaded (Ios. Ant. Iud. 20,132-136; Bell. Iud. 2,244-246). PIR C 617. Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) [German version] [2] Legatus iuridicus 92 AD In AD 92 legatus Augusti pro praetore Hispaniae cit. or legatus iuridicus (Mart. 7,52,1-4). PIR C 620. Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) …

Mansuanius

(30 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. M. Severus. Legate of the legio I Italica; not identical with Cossonius Gallus (see addenda), as has been suggested (AE 1998, 1131). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Galba

(956 words)

Author(s): Spickermann, Wolfgang (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] King of the  Suessiones and commander-in-chief of the coalition of Belgic tribes against Caesar in 57 BC. Following his victory over the Belgae and the capture of  Noviodunum, the main town of the Suessiones, Caesar took two of G.'s son as hostages (Caes. B Gall. 2,4,7; 2,13,1; Cass. Dio 39,1,2). ‘Galba’ appears frequently as a cognomen of the Roman gens Sulpicia, but its Celtic origin (Suet. Galba 3,1) is not certain [1. 1621ff.; 2. 349-350]. Spickermann, Wolfgang (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Holder 1 2 Evans. [German version] [2] Rom. emperor AD 68-9 Roman emperor f…

Dunius

(22 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.D.Severus. Proconsul of Pontus-Bithynia under Claudius. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography PIR2 D 207 W. Weiser, in: ZPE 123, 1998, 275-290.

Aburnius

(89 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Caedicianus, Q. (2nd cent. AD.) A. Caedicianus, Q., legatus Augusti, probably to a legion in Dacia under Trajan (CIL III 1089); became suffect consul together with C. Bruttius Praesens under Hadrian in AD 118 or 119; owner of the figlinae furianae and tempesinae between AD 123 and 140 (CIL XV 227-230; 603-605; 607-608). He was mentioned by Marcus Aurelius, εἰς ἑαυτόν 4,50 (FPD, 213 f.; PIR A 21). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A. Valens, see  Fulvius. A. Valens, see  Fulvius. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Apronius

(432 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Latin name with Etruscan parallels [1] (regarding distribution see ThLL 2,211). I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] Tribunus plebis 449 BC C., people's tribune in 449 BC after the end of the Decemvirate (Liv. 3,54,13). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 2] Cn. 3rd cent. BC as a former aedile he was extradited by Rome in 266 with his colleague Q. Fabius because of a physical attack on a delegation from Apollonia, but then was returned by that city (MRR 1,201). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 3] Q. Tax collector of verres in Sicily One of Verres' ta…

Verax

(47 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] He and his mother's brother, the Batavian Iulius [II 43] Civilis, attacked the auxiliary fort of Vada in 70/1 AD; they were repelled by Petillius [II 1] Cerealis but were able to escape into free Germania (Tac. Hist. 5,20; 5,21,1 f.). Batavian Revolt Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Cosconius

(328 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Plebeian family, attested since the 3rd cent. BC (ThlL, Onom. 2,663f.). I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] C., C. Commander in the Social War in Apulia 89 BC Fought successfully in 89 BC in the Social War in Apulia (as praetor or legate?, Liv. Per. 75), proconsul in Illyria from 78-76 (Cic. Clu. 97 etc.); perhaps identical with the C. mentioned in Valerius Maximus(8,1 para. 8). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [I 2] C., C. Praetor 63 BC, record-keeper during the case against the Catilinarians As praetor he was in 63 BC the record-keeper during the Senate d…

Fuficius

(325 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Egelhaaf-Gaiser, Ulrike (Potsdam)
[German version] [1] Q.F. Cornutus Senator, praetorian governor, beginning of his career under Trajan or Hadrian Senator originating from the region of Histonium. His career started under Trajan or Hadrian. After the praetorate iuridicus of Asturia et Callaecia in the north of Spain, legionary legate in Moesia, praetorian governor in Pannonia inferior from at least AD 145 to 147, cos. suff. in 147; consular governor of Moesia inferior between 148 and 155. In Histonium a large monument, possibly a quadriga, was erected in his honour with public funds on the order of the council of decurion…

Ninnius

(255 words)

Author(s): Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Pacuvius and Sthenius N. Celer from a distinguished Campanian family seem to have offered Hannibal accomodation in Capua in 216 BC Pacuvius and Sthenius N. Celer belonged to a distinguished Campanian family. They seem to have offered Hannibal sumptuous accommodation in Capua in 216 BC (Liv. 23,8). Punic Wars Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) Bibliography J. von Ungern-Sternberg, Capua im 2. Punischen Krieg, 1975, 30-31. [German version] [2] N. Crassus Republican writer, translator of the Iliad in Latin Republican writer, who translated the ‘Iliad into Latin…

Acratus

(72 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (Ἀκρατος; Ákratos) Greek personal name, especially common among slaves and freedmen [1]. A., freedman of Nero, collected artworks at his order in Achaea and Asia, including images of gods with which the domus aurea was supposed to be outfitted; he encountered resistance in Pergamum, only Rhodes eluded him (Tac. Ann. 15,45,2; 16,23,1; Dio Chrys. 31,149; PIR2 A 95). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 H. Solin, Die griech. PN, vol. 2, 1982, 727.

Septimius

(3,206 words)

Author(s): Bartels, Jens (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Beck, Jan-Wilhelm (Bochum) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Constance) | Franke, Thomas (Bochum) | Et al.
Nomen gentile, probably originally Etruscan, occurred at Rome only from the 1st cent. BC onwards. I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] A certain S. from Camerinum was commissioned to recruit followers for Catilina at Picenum in 63 BC, presumably because he was of the Umbrian-Picenan municipal nobility (cf. CIL I2 1921; 1929) (Sall. Catil. 27,1). Bartels, Jens (Bonn) [German version] [I 2] Friend of Horace's; he hoped to enter the cohors amicorum of a member of the imperial household through his relationship with the latter (Hor. Carm.…

Actis, ab

(116 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Someone occupied with the documentation and care of formal and formless administrative records (  acta ) of a public authority. Ab a. coincides only partially with the designation   act(u)arius , who held a higher rank in public service (Cod. Iust. 2,7,26). The optio ab a. (CIL VI 3884) is a military administrative official of the imperial era; the ab a. senatus (also curator actorum senatus), a senator with quaestorial rank, produced the senate records in the second and 3rd cents. AD; the procurator ab a. urbis directed the office for the acta diurna.  Commentariis, a Eck,…
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