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Chaeremon

(358 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Inwood, Brad (Toronto) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Χαιρήμων; Chairḗmōn). [German version] [1] Tragedian, middle of the 4th cent. BC Tragedian; mentioned by the comedy writers Eubulus (Ath. 2,43c) and Ephippus (Juv. fr. 9 Kock in Ath. 11,482b), which locates him in the middle of the 4th cent. BC. Performed again 276-19 at the Naïa in Dodona (DID B 11,13); titles: Alphesiboea, ‘Achilles killer of Thersites (Apulian vase, Boston 03.804 [1. 166]), Dionysus, Thyestes, Io, The Centaur, The Minyae, Odysseus, Oeneus and more than 40 fragments. Aristot. Rhet. 3,12,1413b8) counts him among those writers whose plays are full…

Akestor

(254 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Princeton) | Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀκέστωρ), “Heiler”, lit. Epitheton Apollons (Eur. Androm. 900), aber auch Anthronym (unbekannter Athener: Aristoph. vesp. 1221). [English version] [1] Sohn des Ephippos von Tanagra Sohn des Ephippos von Tanagra, von Achilleus getötet (Plut. qu. Gr. 37, 299c, nach lokaler Epik). Graf, Fritz (Princeton) [English version] [2] Heros in der Genealogie der Philaiden Heros in der Genealogie der Philaiden, nämlich Urenkel des Philaios (Pherek. FGrH 3 F 2; Markell. v. Thuk. 3). Graf, Fritz (Princeton) [English version] [3] Athener Athener, angeblich Nachkomme von Aiakos und Phil…

Euphorion

(1,320 words)

Author(s): Bloch, René (Princeton) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Fantuzzi, Marco (Florenz)
(Εὐφορίων). [English version] [1] geflügelter Sohn von Achilleus und Helene Eine von Ptolemaios Chennos (Phot. 149a) erfundene Figur: E., ein geflügelter Sohn von Achilleus und Helene, wird vom Blitzstrahl des Zeus, dessen Liebe er nicht erwidert, auf der Insel Melos erschlagen. Die Nymphen, welche den Leichnam begraben, verwandelt Zeus in Frösche. In Goethes Faust (2. Teil) erscheint E. als Sohn des Faust und der Helena. Bloch, René (Princeton) Bibliography K.-H. Tomberg, Die Kaine Historia des Ptolemaios Chennos, 1967, 108. [English version] [2] aus Athen Tragiker, 5. Jh. …

Gorgippos

(109 words)

Author(s): von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Γόργιππος). [English version] [1] Sohn Satyros' I. Eponym von Gorgippia, Regent des sindischen Gebietes nach dem Maiotenkrieg seines Vaters Satyros I. (Polyain. 8,55). Hoher Regierungsbeamter z.Z. seines Onkels Pairisades. In Athen stellte man ihm eine Statue auf (Deinarch. in Demosthenem 43). Maiotai, Sindoi von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) Bibliography V.F. Gaidukevič, Das Bosporanische Reich, 1971, 72; 43; 232. [English version] [2] Satyrspieldichter, 1. Jh. v. Chr. Sohn des Pythippos, Satyrspieldichter. Ein Sieg bei den Soteria in Akraiphia im 1. …

Empedokles

(1,765 words)

Author(s): Bollack, Jean (Paris) | Primavesi, Oliver (München) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἐμπεδοκλῆς). [English version] [1] von Agrigent Vorsokratiker, ca. 490-430 v. Chr. Vorsokratischer Denker (ca. 490-430 v.Chr.). Seine wichtigsten Werke: das Naturgedicht ‘Über die Entstehung der Welt (sog. Περὶ φύσεως, Perí phýseōs) und die ‘Reinigungen (Καθαρμοί, Katharmoí), beide in ep. Hexametern. Die vorliegende Darstellung unterscheidet zw. den beiden Werken. Für die Einheit plädieren [1; 2]. Bollack, Jean (Paris) [English version] A. Quellen Ein großer Teil unserer Kenntnis von E. beruht auf den Zitaten und Ausführungen in den Moralia Plutarchs; seine Monographie…

Achaios

(359 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Princeton) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale)
(Ἀχαιός). [English version] [1] Sohn des Xuthos und der Kreusa Sohn des Xuthos und der Kreusa, Enkel des Hellen, Bruder des Ion (Hes. fr. 10a 20-24; Apollod. 1,49 f.). Er siedelte in Achaia (Eur. Ion 1592-4; Philochor. FGrH 328 F 13) oder in Thessalien (Paus. 7,1,2), von wo aus seine Söhne Archandros and Architeles nach Argos gegangen sein sollen (Paus. 7,1,6). Die Mythen spiegeln Versuche, eine Sonderstellung der Achaier in der Peloponnes zu begründen. Graf, Fritz (Princeton) Bibliography M. L. West, The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women, 1985, 57 f. [English version] [2] aus Eretreia Trag…

Chairemon

(344 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Inwood, Brad (Toronto) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna)
(Χαιρήμων). [English version] [1] Tragiker, M. 4. Jh. v. Chr. Tragiker; wird von den Komödiendichtern Eubulos (Athen. 2,43c) und Ephippos (Iuv. fr. 9 Kock bei Athen. 11,482b) erwähnt, so daß man ihn auf die Mitte des 4.Jh. v.Chr. datiert. Wiederaufgeführt 276-19 an den Naïa in Dodona (DID B 11,13); Titel: Alphesiboia, ‘Achilleus der Thersitestöter (apulische Vase, Boston 03.804 [1. 166]), Dionysos, Thyestes, Io, Der Kentaur, Die Minyer, Odysseus, Oineus und über 40 Fragmente. Aristoteles (rhet. 3,12,1413b 8Aristot. rhet. 3,12,1413b8) zählt ihn zu den Dichtern, …

Antiphilus

(465 words)

Author(s): Engels, Johannes (Cologne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Hoesch, Nicola (Munich)
(Ἀντίφιλος; Antíphilos). [German version] [1] Athenian strategos of hoplites (323/22 BC) The Athenian A. was elected Athenian strategos of hoplites ( Hoplites) after the death of Leosthenes 323/322 BC, whose successor he became. He took over the command of the land forces of the Hellenic League in the Lamian or Hellenic War and distinguished himself through military skills and courage (Plut. Phoc. 24,1-2; Diod. Sic. 18,13,6). He lifted the siege of  Antipater at  Lamia, in 322 defeated a Macedonian army under Le…

Ariston

(821 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Sharples, Robert (London) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Hülser, Karl-Heinz (Constance) | Ego, Beate (Osnabrück)
(Ἀρίστων; Arístōn). [German version] [1] of Athens Tragedian Son of Menealaus (possibly identical with TrGF 2-4, 1977-85, 137), father of the comic poet Alexander (FdD III 2, 48 l. 3 and 15; 49), author of Satyr plays and tragedies; in an inscription on the southern wall of the Athenian treasure house (FdD III 2, 48 17, l. 30 and 35, Syll.3 711 L) , he is honoured as an Attic delegate to the 3rd Pythaïs of the Dionysiac technites in Delphi, probably in 106/105 BC (or 97 BC according to TrGF app. crit. 145151). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 72 TrGF 146. [German version] [2] of Al…

Apollonides

(326 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) | Montanari, Franco (Pisa) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀπολλωνίδης; Apollōnídēs). [German version] [1] Greek geographer of the time of Mithridates VI Greek geographer of the time of Mithridates VI (early 1st cent. BC); author of a   periplous of Europe; the few surviving fragments cover the region of the eastern Mediterranean. Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) Bibliography FHG 4, 309-310 H. Berger, s. v. A. 28, RE 2, 120. [German version] [2] of Nicaea Grammarian (Ἀπολλωνίδης ὁ Νικαεύς; Apollōnídēs ho Nikaeús). Greek  grammarian of the 1st cent. AD. He dedicated a commentary on the Silloi of  Timon of Phleious to the Emperor Tiberius (Di…

Artemon

(593 words)

Author(s): Montanari, Franco (Pisa) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Robbins, Emmet (Toronto) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀρτέμων; Artémōn). [German version] [1] Greek grammarian From Cassandreia. Greek  grammarian. As he makes mention of  Dionysius Scytobrachion, he is dated to the 2nd half of the 2nd cent. BC. Of his works Athenaeus cites: Περὶ βιβλίων συναγωγῆς, Περὶ βιβλίων χρήσεως, Περὶ τοῦ Διονυσιακοῦ συστήματος as being his. An almost contemporary namesake from Pergamum, the commentator on Pindar (FGrH 569), possibly is the same person; A. from Clazomenae (FGrH 443), on the other hand, is older. A., the editor of the Aristotelian letters (Demetrius, elocutiones 223), is difficult to identify. …

Archestratus

(351 words)

Author(s): Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Schmitt-Pantel, Pauline (Paris) | Zaminer, Frieder (Berlin)
(Ἀρχέστρατος; Archéstratos). [German version] [1] Actor and Tragedian With his tragedy Antaios, an unknown actor triumphed at the Soteria in Delphi between 267 and 219 BC (DID B 11, 5). He is probably not to be identified with the A. mentioned in Plut. Aristides 1,3 (318e). Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) Bibliography Mette, 198 TrGF 75. [German version] [2] Author of a gastronomic poem from Gela, 4th cent. BC Citizen of Gela who lived in the 2nd half of the 4th cent. BC. 62 fragments (more than 300 verses) of his gastronomic poem, written c. AD 330, have been preserved by Athenaeus. Its …

Aristarchus

(2,018 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Folkerts, Menso (Munich) | Montanari, Franco (Pisa)
(Ἀρίσταρχος; Arístarchos). [German version] [1] Athenian politician (end of the 5th cent. BC) Athenian politician, in 411 BC the most embittered opponent of the demos among the 400 Oligarchs in Athens (Thuc. 8,90,1). A. participated in the fortification of  Eetioneia when he was strategos (Xen. Hell. 2,3,46). After the regime was toppled, he betrayed the border fortification Oenoe to the Boeotians (Thuc. 8,98), for which he was executed in 406 (?) (Lycurg. Leocr. 115; PA, 1663; Traill PAA, 164155). Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) [German version] [2] of Tegea Tragedian, 5th cent. BC Tragedi…

Hermocrates

(514 words)

Author(s): Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Bowie, Ewen (Oxford) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἑρμοκράτης; Hermokrátēs). [German version] [1] Syracusan statesman, 424 BC Syracusan statesman and general. Became prominent for the first time at the peace conference of Gela in 424 BC and successfully invited the Sicilian Greeks with the slogan ‘Sicily to the Siceliots’ to settle the internal disputes (Thuc. 4,58-64). In 415 he recommended the formation of a coalition against Athens reaching beyond Sicily (Thuc. 6,32,3-34). Initially chosen as one of three authorized strategoi, but soon, like his colleagues, deposed because of his lack of success (Thuc. 6,73,1; …

Antiphon

(1,591 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Engels, Johannes (Cologne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Cassin, Barbara (Paris)
(Ἀντιφῶν; Antiphôn). [German version] [1] Athenian (end of the 5th cent. BC) Athenian, who towards the end of the Peloponnesian War equipped two triremes. He was executed 404/403 BC by the 30 Tyrants ( Triakonta) (Xen. Hell. 2,3,40; Traill PAA, 138325). He is probably identical with an A., for whose daughter  Lysias gave an oration (Traill PAA, 138320; cf. Theop. FGrH 115 F 120 = Plut. Mor. 833A-B). Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) [German version] [2] Athenian (middle of the 4th cent. BC) Athenian, was removed from the list of citizens. Thereafter he allegedly promised  Philippu…

Achaeus

(368 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale)
(Ἀχαιός; Achaiós). [German version] [1] Son of Xuthus and Creusa Son of Xuthus and Creusa, grandson of Helen, brother of Ion (Hes. fr. 10a 20-24; Apollod. 1,49 f.). He settled in Achaea (Eur. Ion 1592-4; Philochor. FGrH 328 F 13) or in Thessaly (Paus. 7,1,2), from whence his sons Archander and Architeles set off for Argus (Paus. 7,1,6). The myths reflect attempts to establish a special position of the Achaeans in the Peloponnese. Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) Bibliography M. L. West, The Hesiodic Catalogue of Women, 1985, 57 f. [German version] [2] of Eritrea Tragedian, 5th cent. BC Tragedi…

Diognetus

(335 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Rist, Josef (Würzburg)
(Διόγνητος; Diógnētos). [German version] [1] Athenian, victor at the Dionysia in 415 BC Athenian, son of Niceratus, from Cyantidae; brother of Nicias and Eucrates [2], father of Diomnestus. Winner at the Dionysia in 415 BC (Pl. Grg. 472a), afterwards exiled; in Athens in 404-03. Intervened in 403 with Pausanias on behalf of Nicias' sons. Died c. 396 (Lys. 18,4; 9f.; 21; And. 1,47). Perhaps identical with the person named by Traill (PAA 327535, 327540). Traill, PAA 327820; Davies 10808. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) [German version] [2] Nauarch of Antiochus III c. 220 BC As nauarch of An…

Asclepiades

(2,568 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Döring, Klaus (Bamberg) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Nutton, Vivian (London) | Montanari, Franco (Pisa)
(Ἀσκληπιάδης; Asklēpiádēs) [German version] [1] of Samos Epigrammatic poet Epigrammatic poet of the ‘Garland’ of Meleager, who addresses him in the preface by the dark pseudonym Σικελίδης (Anth. Pal. 4,1,46; cf. Hedylus, GA I 1, 101 6, 4; Theoc. 7,40); an outstanding representative of the Ionian-Alexandrianschool, he lived around the turn of the 4th/3rd cent. BC. A. was highly praised by Theocritus (7,39-41), but attacked by Callimachus (schol. Flor. Callim. Fr.1,1). From the latter he differed, among other things, through a diametrically opposed appraisal of the Lyde of Antimach…

Diognetos

(312 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Rist, Josef (Würzburg)
(Διόγνητος). [English version] [1] athen. Sieger bei den Dionysia 415 v. Chr. Athener, Sohn des Nikeratos, aus Kydantidai; Bruder des Nikias und Eukrates [2], Vater des Diomnestos. Sieger bei den Dionysia 415 v.Chr. (Plat. Gorg. 472a), danach exiliert; 404/3 in Athen. Intervenierte 403 bei Pausanias für Nikias' Söhne. Starb ca. 396 (Lys. 18,4; 9f.; 21; And. 1,47). Vielleicht identisch mit der bei Traill (PAA 327535, 327540) genannten Person. Traill, PAA 327820; Davies 10808. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) [English version] [2] Heerführer des Antiochos III. um 220 v. Chr. Führte als …

Antiphon

(1,492 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Engels, Johannes (Köln) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Cassin, Barbara (Paris)
(Ἀντιφῶν). [English version] [1] Athener (Ende 5. Jh. v. Chr.) Athener, der gegen Ende des Peloponnesischen Krieges zwei Trieren ausrüstete. Er wurde 404/3 v. Chr. von den 30 Tyrannen (Triakonta) hingerichtet (Xen. hell. 2,3,40; Traill PAA, 138325). Wahrscheinlich ist er identisch mit einem A., für dessen Tochter Lysias eine Rede hielt (Traill PAA, 138320; vgl. Theop. FGrH 115 F 120 = Plut. mor. 833A-B). Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) [English version] [2] Athener (Mitte 4. Jh. v. Chr.) Athener, wurde von der Bürgerliste gestrichen. Er versprach danach angeblich Philippos I…
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