(a.) nickname, and at a later date under Islam and with a more specific use, honorific title (pl.
alḳāb ). For suggestions about its etymology, see L. Caetani and G. Gabrieli,
arabicum . i.
Fonte-introduzione , Rome 1915, 144-5; and for its place in the general schema of the composition of Islamic names, see ism. The
laḳab seems in origin to have been a nickname or sobriquet of any tone, one which could express admiration, be purely descriptive and neutral in tenor or be insulting and derogatory. In the latter case, it was often termed
nabaz , pl.
anbāz , by-form