Encyclopaedia of Islam, Second Edition

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D̲j̲aʿfar Čelebi

(387 words)

Author(s): Ménage, V.L.
(864/1459-921/1515), Ottoman statesman and man of letters, was born at Amasya (for the date see E. Blochet, Cat. des mss. turcs , ii, 1-2), where his father Tād̲j̲ī Beg was adviser to Prince (later Sultan) Bāyezīd. After rising in the theological career to müderris , he was appointed nis̲h̲ānd̲j̲i̊ by Bāyezīd II (in 903/1497-8, see Tâci-zâde Sa’dî Çelebi Münşeâtı , ed. N. Lugal & A. Erzi, Istanbul 1956, 85). Suspected of favouring Prince Aḥmad in the struggle for the succession, Ḏj̲aʿfar, with other of Aḥmad’s partisans, was dismis…

D̲j̲aʿfar S̲h̲arīf

(429 words)

Author(s): Burton-Page, J.
b. ʿAlī s̲h̲arīf al-Ḳurays̲h̲ī al-Nāgōrī , whose dates of birth and death are unknown, wrote his Ḳānūn-i Islām at the instigation of Dr. Herklots some time before 1832. He is said to have been “a man of low origin and of no account in …

Ibn D̲j̲aʿfar

(148 words)

Author(s): Lewicki, T.
, Abū D̲j̲ābir Muḥammad b D̲j̲aʿfar al-Azkawī , Ibāḍī scholar of ʿUmān, d. 281/894. He was the author of an important work of fiḳh entitled Kitāb al-D̲j̲āmiʿ and usually known as D̲j̲āmiʿ Ibn D̲j̲aʿfar

Mīr D̲j̲aʿfar

(8 words)

[see d̲j̲aʿfar , mīr ].

D̲j̲aʿfar Beg

(231 words)

Author(s): Parry, V.J.
( ?-926/1520)—the “Zafir agà, eunuco” listed in the index to Marino Sanuto, Diarii , xxv, col. 832—was Sand̲j̲aḳ Beg of Gallipoli, i.e., Ḳapudān or High Admiral of the Ottoman naval forces. He was appointed to this office, not (as Ḳāmūs al-aʿlām and Sid̲j̲ill-i ʿOt̲h̲mānī

Mīr Ḏj̲aʿfar

(1,056 words)

Author(s): Bazmee Ansari, A.S.
or Mir Muḥammad D̲j̲aʿfar K̲h̲ān ( Siyar al-mutaʾak̲h̲k̲h̲irīn , vol. ii in both the text and rubrics, and not D̲j̲aʿfar ʿAlī K̲h̲ān), son of Sayyid Aḥmad al-Nad̲j̲afī, of obscure origin, rose to be the Nawwāb of Bengal during the days of the East India Company. A penniless adventurer, like his patron Mīrzā Muḥammad ʿAlī entitled ʿAlīwirdī K̲h̲ān Mahābat D̲j̲ang (see the article ʿalī werdi k̲h̲ān ), he married a step-sister, S̲h̲āh K̲h̲ānim, of ʿAlīwirdī and served his master and brother-in-law as a commandant, before the latter ascended the masnad of Bengal i…

al-Ḍabbī, Abū D̲j̲aʿfar

(211 words)

Author(s): Seybold, C.F.
Aḥmad b. Yahyā b. Aḥmad b. ʿAmīra , an Andalusian scholar of the 6th/12th century. According to the information that he gives us in his works concerning himself and his family, he was born at Vélez, to the west of Lorca, and he began his studies in Lorca. He travelled in North Africa (Ceuta, Marrākus̲h̲, Bougie) and even reached Alexandria, but he appears to have spent the greater …

D̲j̲aʿfar al-Ṣādiḳ

(1,170 words)

Author(s): Hodgson, M.G.S.
(“the trustworthy”), Abū ʿAbd Allāh, son of Muḥammad al-Bāḳir, was transmitter of ḥadīt̲h̲s and the last imām recognized by both Twelver and Ismāʿīlī S̲h̲īʿīs. He was born ¶ in 80/699-700 or 83/702-3 in Medina, his mother, Umm Farwa, being a great-granddaughter of Abū Bakr. He inherited al-Bāḳir’s following in 119/737 (or 114/733); hence during the crucial years of the transition from Umayyad to ʿAbbāsid power he was at the head of those S̲h̲īʿīs who accepted a nonmilitant Fāṭimī imāmate. He lived quietly in Madīna as an authority in

D̲j̲aʿfar b. Ḥarb

(345 words)

Author(s): Nader, A.N.
Abu ’l-Faḍl D̲j̲aʿfar b. Ḥarb al-Hamad̲h̲ānī (d. 236/850), a Muʿtazilī of the Bag̲h̲dād branch, was first a disciple of Abu ’l-Hud̲h̲ayl al-ʿAllāf at Baṣra, and then of al-Murdār at Bag̲h̲dād, whose asceticism he tried to imitate; this is what inspired him to give to the poor the large fortune which he had inherited from his father. In agreement with the Muʿtazila, he defended the doctrine that God knows through Himself from all eternity, that His knowledge is His very being, and that the object of His knowledge can exist from all eternity. He said that we have, in the divine wisdom, the guarantee that God does no…

Ḏj̲aʿfar b. Muḥammad

(8 words)

[see abū maʿs̲h̲ar ].

Zubayda bt. Ḏj̲aʿfar

(645 words)

Author(s): Jacobi, Renate
b. Abī D̲j̲aʿfar al-Manṣūr [ q.v.], Umm D̲j̲aʿfar (d. 216/831-2), wife of the caliph Hārūn al-Ras̲h̲īd [ q.v.], mother of his successor Muḥammad al-Amīn [ q.v.]. Her name was Amat al-ʿAzīz (“handmaid of the Almighty”), but she is known by her pet name Zubayda (“little butter ball”), given to her by her grandfather al-Manṣūr on account of her plumpness and radiant looks. Her beauty, intelligence, extravagance and generosity made her one of the most admired …

ʿAbd Allāh b. Ḏj̲aʿfar

(313 words)

Author(s): Zetterstéen, K.V.
b. Abī Ṭālib , nephew of the caliph ʿAlī. ʿAbd Allāh’s father had gone over to Islam very early, and took part in the emigration of the first believers to Abyssinia, where, according to the common belief, ʿAbd Allāh was born. On his mother’s side he was a brother of Muḥammad b. Abī Bakr; the mother’s name was Asmāʾ bint ʿUmays al-Ḵh̲at̲h̲ʿamiyya. After some years the father returned to Medīna taking his son with him. ʿAbd Allāh became known chiefly on account of his great generosity, and received the honorific surname of

D̲j̲aʿfar b. Mubas̲h̲s̲h̲ir

(573 words)

Author(s): Nader, A.N. | Schacht, J.
al-Ḳaṣabī (also al-T̲h̲aḳafī), a prominent Muʿtazilī theologian and ascetic of the school of Bag̲h̲dād, d. 234/848-9. He was a disciple of Abū Mūsā al-Murdār, and to some slight degree also influenced by al-Naẓẓām [ q.v.] of Baṣra. Little is known of his life except some anecdotes about his abnegation of the world, and the information that he introduced the Muʿtazilī doctrine to ʿĀna [ q.v.], and held disputations with Bis̲h̲r b. G̲h̲iyāt̲h̲ al-Marīsī [ q.v.]. He is the author of numerous works on fiḳh and kal…

Muḥammad D̲j̲aʿfar Ḳarad̲j̲a-Dāg̲h̲ī

(414 words)

Author(s): Berthels, E.
, Mīrzā , Muns̲h̲ī of the Ḳad̲j̲ār prince D̲j̲alāl al-Dīn Mīrzā and translator into Persian of the famous comedies of the Ād̲h̲arbāyd̲j̲ānī playwright Mīrzā Fatḥ ʿAlī Āk̲h̲undzāde [ q.v.]. After they had been published (1859), Mīrzā Fatḥ ʿAlī sent a copy of his plays to the above-mentioned Ḳād̲j̲ār prince in the hope that he would take notice of it. But the book lay unheeded for years in the prince’s library until Muḥammad D̲j̲aʿfar opened it by chance. The muns̲h̲ī , delighted with the plays, at once decided to translate them into Persian. As no-one …
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