Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Bacchius [2] senior

(1,048 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 01/09/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Bacchius [2] senior | Βακχεῖος ὁ Γέρων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th c. CE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The text of the Εἰσαγωγὴ τέχνης μουσικῆς1, which survives under the name of Bacchius the Elder, precedes another brief musical treatise in the mss., and at the end of that one there are some ver…

Heraclides [1]

(4,848 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/04/2005 – 07/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [1] | Ἡρακλείδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Heracleia Pontica Date: ca. 390–ca. 310 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce the date of Heraclides from the testimonia only with a certain degree of difficulty. Amid the more useful information furnished by the sources is the notice – preserved by the Suda

Pyrrhander

(1,152 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and first published on 04/12/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pyrrhander | Πύρρανδρος Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Pyrrhander is known solely from the citation of Ath. 14, 634d, which allows us only to establish a very vague terminus ante quem at the beginning of the 2nd/3rd c. CE at the latest. The fact that Athenaeus1 mentions him in a list of authors of works…

Aristoxenus

(34,974 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 26/06/2006 – 21/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristoxenus | Ἀριστόξενος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Tarentum Date: 370/365 BCE-? ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristoxenus, Ἀριστόξενος ὁ μουσικός, was born in Tarentum, the son of Spintharus1 (or Mnesias, which recent critics have identified as an abbreviated name derived from the verb μιμνήσκω – the use of names…

Aristoxenus

(35,241 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Eleonora Rocconi è stata pubblicata il 26/06/2006 – 21/04/2008. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Aristoxenus | Ἀριστόξενος Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Taranto Data: 370/365 a.C.-? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Nato a Taranto, figlio di Spintharos (o Mnesia, identificato dalla critica recente quale abbreviazione di antroponimo derivato dal verbo μιμνήσκω – l’utilizzo di appellativi collegati alla sfera della memoria era pratica alquanto diffus…

Phillis

(2,462 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and first published on 10/12/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Phillis | Φίλλις Identity: Place of Origin: Delos Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The two epithets that the sources attribute to Phillis, Δήλιος (Ath. 1, 21f. 14, 634d. 14, 636b; Sch. Vat. Dion. Thr. in GG 1, 3, p. 183, 6) and μουσικός (Ath. 1, 21f; Phot. Lex. σ 354, s.v.σκολιόν; Sch. vet. Plat. Gorg. 451e; Sud.σ 643, s.v.σκολιόν; Sud.φ 836, s.v.φυλ…

Cleonides

(945 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 01/09/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Cleonides | Κλεονείδης / Κλεονίδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. CE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Nothing is known about Cleonides, a Greek author and musical theorist who wrote a Εἰσαγωγὴ ἁρμονική, except his name, which appears in eleven of the manuscripts that contain the manual in question (others,…

Gaudentius

(1,710 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Gaudentius | Γαυδέντιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-4th c. CE. ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no biographical information about Gaudentius, the author of an Introduction to Harmonics (Ἀρμονικὴ εἰσαγωγή) which combines sources of musical theory1 from the Aristoxenic2 and Pythagorean traditions3. This text was writt…

Sopater [1]

(4,489 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sopater [1] | Σώπατρος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Apamea Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sopater of Apamea was a sophist and philosopher1 according to the Suda (σ 845), which states that he was the successor of Plotinus2 after Porphyry3 and Iamblichus4. He was the most important Neoplatonic5 philosopher of his time ( Sud.π 1811; c…

Claudius [1] Ptolemaeus

(59,475 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 17/11/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Claudius [1] Ptolemaeus | Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Claudius Ptolemy was a Greek scientist who lived in the 2nd c. CE, most probably at Alexandria, and is famous in particular for his treatises on astronomy and geography. He was…

Nicomachus Gerasenus

(14,226 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 30/07/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicomachus Gerasenus | Νικόμαχος ὁ Γερασηνός Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Gerasa Date: 1st-2nd CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nicomachus was a Neopythagorean1 philosopher famous as a mathematician and as a musical theorist; he lived between ca. 1st and 2nd c. CE. His geographical origin is attested by the epithet Γερασηνός…

Bacchius [1]

(1,343 words)

Author(s): Manetti, Daniela
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Daniela Manetti and first published on 11/09/2003. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Bacchius [1] | Βακχεῖος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Tanagra Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Bacchius was a doctor from Tanagra (Erot. 5, 1 Nachmanson), a student of Herophilus1, and a contemporary of Philinus of Cos2 (Gal. 18A 187 Kühn). The dating of this scholar depends partly on the statement that he used the Λέξεις of Aristophanes o…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Archestratus

(1,943 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archestratus | Ἀρχέστρατος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: It seems likely that Archestratus, the author of a Περὶ αὐλητῶν in two books cited by Ath. 14, 634d, should be identified as the Archestratus mentioned by Philod. Mus. col. 137, 13-27 Delattre = 4, 23, 14 Kemke and by Porph. in Harm. 26, …

Adrastus

(6,766 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Adrastus | Ἄδραστος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Aphrodisias Date: first half of the 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Adrastus was a Peripatetic philosopher1 and native of Aphrodisias in Caria who lived in the 2nd c. CE: the mention of Adrastus by Galen2 (ca. 130-ca. 200 CE) constitutes a terminus ante quem useful for dating the act…

Alypius

(1,897 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 31/07/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alypius | Ἀλύπιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Εἰσαγωγὴ μουσική of Alypius is the most complete and exhaustive of the treatises that discuss ancient Greek musical notation. It was one of the principal sources used by Latin authors (especially Cassiodorus1 and Boethius2) who transm…

Glaucus [1]

(4,422 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 10/10/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucus [1] | Γλαῦκος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Rhegium Date: 5th-4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We have little certain information about the life of Glaucus of Rhegium, or simply “of Italy.” It is not easy to determine his date, which scholars currently base on two pieces of information: a) he was a contemporary of Democrit…

Neleus

(4,673 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neleus | Νηλεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neleus was the son of the Coriscus1 who is cited many times by Aristotle2 (cf. Bonitz 1870, p. 405 and Gottschalk 2000, 809–810); according to Strabo3 (13, 1, 54) Neleus was a native of Scepsis and a student of Aristotle and Theophrastus4. …