Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Callistratus

(12,876 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/11/2007 – 20/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callistratus | Καλλίστρατος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: …

Socrates [2]

(5,527 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Socrates [2] | Σωκράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: before 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source L…

Eumolpus

(662 words)

Author(s): D’Alessandro, Giulia
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Giulia D’Alessandro è stata pubblicata il 7/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Eumolpus | Εὔμολπος Identità: Pauly-Wissowa Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 3°-1° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Non abbi…

Adrastus

(6,766 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Adrastus | Ἄδραστος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Aphrodisias Date: first half of the 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Adrastus was a Peripatetic philosopher1 and native of Aphrodisias in Caria who lived in the 2nd c. CE: the mention of Adrastus by Galen2 (ca. 130-ca. 200 CE) constitutes a terminus ante quem useful for dating the act…

Euphranor [2]

(1,532 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphranor [2] | Εὐφράνωρ Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The information we have about Euphranor, an exponent of the Pythagorean school1 who is mentioned by Athenaeus2 and Iamblichus3, is meager. It is possible to date the scholar between the late Classical age and the Helleni…

Dionysius [10] Cyclographus

(4,102 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Dionysius [10] Cyclographus | Διονύσιος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Rodi o Samo Data: 3°/2° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Apprendiamo dal lessico Suda (δ 1181, FGrHist 15 T 1) che Dionisio era figlio di Musonio, di origine rodia o samia, sacerdote del tempio di Elio e autore di Storie locali in 6 libri, Periegesi della Terra e di una Storia istruttiva in 10 libri. I…

Aristodemus [1]

(5,031 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 17/12/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [1] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to Athenaeus1, Aristodemus was the author of a commentary on Pindar2 in at least three books (Ath. 11, 495f: ἐν τρίτῳ Περὶ Πινδάρου); numerous fragments of it survive. The name of Aristodemus appears thi…

Demetrius [3]

(11,183 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [3] | Δημήτριος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Magnesia (?) Date: mid-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A scholar from one of the cities named Magnesia that has not yet been definitively identified (Magnesia-at-Sipylus? Magnesia on the Meander? Magnesia in Thessaly?), Demetrius can be dated with certainty to the mid-1s…

Lycophron

(8,118 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Lycophron | Λυκόφρων Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Calcide di Eubea Data: 4°/3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico e tragediografo, membro della Pleiade, Licofrone, nativo di Calcide, era figlio di Socle e figlio adottivo di Lico di Reggio. Scrisse 64 o 46 tragedie, di cui conosciamo grazie alla Suda 20 titoli (Αἴολος, Ἀνδρομέδα, Ἀλήτης, Αἰολίδης [ma Αἰθαλίδης per Jahn 186…

Heraclides [5] Lembus

(5,718 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [5] Lembus | Ἡρακλείδης Λέμβος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Callatis/Alexandria/Oxyrhynchus? Date: 2nd c. BCE. ↓ To Source List Biography: The biography of Heraclides Lembus is shadowy in many respects because of the contradictory nature of the information provided by Diogenes Laertius1 (5, 94) and t…

Apion

(31,725 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apion | Ἀπίων Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Oasis Date: 1st c. BCE – 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A dense web of notices allows us to date the life and career of the Egyptian grammarian Apion, a native of Oasis (Ios. Ap. 2, 29), to between the end of the 1st c. BCE and the first half of the 1st c. CE. We lear…

Lysanias

(2,785 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysanias | Λυσανίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Lysanias was a native of Cyrene and the teacher of his fellow citizen Eratosthenes1 ( Sud.ε 2898); this information dates him safely to the 3rd c. BCE. We know the title of only one of his works, his Περὶ ἰαμβοποιῶν, in several books; it i…

Theodorus [2]

(1,470 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Theodorus [2] | Θεόδωρος Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ante seconda metà 1° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il grammatico di nome Teodoro autore, secondo Ateneo, di Ἀττικαὶ γλῶσσαι (14, 646c. 15, 678d) o Ἀττικαὶ φωναί (15, 677b) fu identificato con l’omonimo soprannominato ὁ παναγής (=> Theodorus [4] Panages) da Jacoby 1923–1958, 3b ( Kommentar), p. 112 e n. 3, ( Noten…

Gorgias [2]

(1,119 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 09/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Gorgias [2] | Γοργίας Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Athens Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Gorgias is an author from Athens whose dating is uncertain. On the basis of the information provided by Pollux1 ( FGrHist 351, 3B, T3, p. 214), Jacoby identifies him with Gorgias the σοφιστής, the author of an Ὀνομαστικόν, and distinguishes him from Go…

Asclepiades [1]

(7,837 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/10/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [1] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Tragilus Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The mention of Asclepiades in a survey of Isocrates’1 students by Plutarch2 (Plut. 55, 837c, 8-11) and Photius3 (Phot. Bibl. cod. 260, 486b 36-41) allows a generic dating to the 4th c. BCE. The existence of a work by Philochorus4 (wh…

Chamaeleon

(13,085 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Heraclea of Pontus, Chamaeleon was, according to Tatian1 ( Or. 31), a student of the Peripatos. We should identify with this figure the Chamaeleon who, as is reported by Photius2 in an extract from the historian Memnon…

Alexander [1]

(7,792 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [1] | Ἀλέξανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Myndus Date: First half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nothing at all is known about the life of Alexander of Myndus, who for a long time was identified with Alexander Polyhistor1. Freudenthal ( Alex. Pol., 1875, pp. 18, 204) first made the distinction betwee…

Glaucon [1]

(1,984 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucon [1] | Γλαύκων Place of Origin: Tarsus Date: 3rd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucon is difficult to identify. He is cited in Sch. Il. 1, 1c (1, p. 4 Erbse) for the oxytonic accentuation of μῆνις, here supposed to be a mistake according to another trend of the ancient doctrine of accentuation (cf. Sch. C Dion. Thr. 169, 12 Hilg.1 πρῶτ…

Iason

(2,894 words)

Author(s): Matijašić, Ivan
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Ivan Matijašić and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iason | Ἰάσων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Argos Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Biographical information about Iason of Argos is scarce, confused, and contradictory. The starting point is necessarily the lemma of the Suda1 dedicated to him ( Sud.ι 53): there he is called a historian2 contemporaneous with, but yo…

Sosibius [2] Lacon

(3,681 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [2] Lacon | Σωσίβιος ὁ Λάκων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The date of Sosibius can be determined only approximately because his Χρόνων ἀναγραφή certainly presupposes knowledge of Timaeus of Tauromenium’s1 Ὀλυμπιονῖκαι (Timaeus died in 264 BCE, but the composit…
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