Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Arcadius

(3,781 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Arcadius | Ἀρκάδιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Antioch Date: 4th-5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Antioch, Arcadius’ career occurred at a time we are unable to identify precisely, but it must be before the compilation of the Ethnica of Stephanus of Byzantium1 (6th or, more probably, 5th c. CE: cf. Neri 2008, with bi…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(9,878 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Fausto Montana è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Kotiaeion (Frigia) Data: 70/80 ca.-150 ca. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il grammatico Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, cioè originario della città frigia di Κοτιάειον (questa la forma corretta del toponimo stando a Strabone 12, 8, 12, contro Κοτυάειον e Κοτιαέον della tradizione tardoantica e bizantina),…

Habron

(5,926 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Habron | Ἅβρων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Phrygia? Date: 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Only brief notices about the life of this grammarian have survived: we learn from the biographical entry dedicated to him in the Suda (α 97) that Habron, a Phrygian or Rhodian (Φρὺξ ἢ Ῥόδιος: on this alternative see infra), was a …

Euclides

(5,309 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euclides | Εὐκλείδης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no information about the time period, place of origin, or life of Euclides and even the historical reality of this figure has been called into doubt. He is mentioned in relation to the structure of Attic tragedy and comedy in some passages of Johannes Tzetzes1, who menti…

Philemon [3]

(3,883 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 30/03/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [3] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian of the imperial age, Philemon has now been dated to ca. 200 CE on the basis of several pieces of evidence, which are not of the same value: 1) Oros1 (5th c. CE) could offer a terminus ante quem, if he is in fact the source, through Choerobo…

Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…

Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Philostephanus

(8,642 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostephanus | Φιλοστέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole biographical information for Philostephanus in our possession comes from Athenaeus1 (8, 331d–e), who calls him a native of Cyrene and a γνώριμος of Callimachus2, thus using the same term attested in P.Oxy.…

Philostephanus

(8,377 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Novembri è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Philostephanus | Φιλοστέφανος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Cirene Data: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Le uniche notizie biografiche in nostro possesso su Filostefano derivano da Ateneo (8, 331d–e), che lo definisce originario di Cirene e γνώριμος di Callimaco, usando lo stesso termine attestato in P.Oxy. 1241, col. 2, rr. 2–3 per definire il rapport…

Habron

(5,787 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Bacigalupo è stata pubblicata il 01/10/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Habron | Ἅβρων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Frigia? Data: 1° sec. a.C.-1° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Scarse notizie ci sono pervenute sulla vita di questo grammatico: dalla voce biografica a lui dedicata dalla Suda (α 97) ricaviamo che Abrone, frigio o rodiese (Φρὺξ ἢ Ῥόδιος: su questa alternativa vd. infra), fu allievo dell’alessandrino Trifone (=> Tryphon [1…

Stephanus

(5,287 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Margarethe Billerbeck è Didier Clerc è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Stephanus | Στέφανος Luogo di provenienza: Bisanzio Data: 6° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Vita e opere Non possediamo notizie dettagliate sulla vita e l’attività di Stefano di Bisanzio, che la Suda menziona solo brevemente nella voce Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). La nostra conoscenza del lessicografo si basa quindi sulla sua stessa opera e su testimonianze pun…

Cassius Longinus

(12,238 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Emesa (?) Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Cassius Longinus was a Neoplatonic philosopher, grammarian, and rhetor who was born between 200 and 213 CE (Brisson-Patillon 1994, pp. 5219-5220). The nomen Cassius is attested by the lexicon Suda

Tyrannion [1] Maior

(16,598 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tyrannion [1] Maior | Τυραννίων ὁ πρεσβύτερος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 110/100-25 ca. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The majority of the information we have about the life of Tyrannion comes from the Suda (τ 1184). He was a native of Amisus in Pontus who lived in the time of Pompey the Great and died of gout at an advan…

Cassius Longinus

(12,096 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Carla Castelli è stata pubblicata il 02/04/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Emesa (?) Data: ̊3° sec. d. C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Filosofo neoplatonico, grammatico, retore, Cassio Longino nacque tra il 200 e il 213 (Brisson-Patillon 1994, pp. 5219-5220). Il nomen Cassio è attestato dal lessico Suda (κ 645), che documenta altresì il rapporto di parentela col…

Theodosius

(1,335 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodosius | Θεοδόσιος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 4th-5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theodosius was a grammarian native to Alexandria and can be dated to the 4th/5th c. CE because he was a contemporary of Synesius of Cyrene1, who, in a letter to his brother, sends greetings to a θαυμάσιος γραμματικὸς Θεοδόσιος, who is commonly identifie…

Hephaestion

(6,092 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/12/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hephaestion | Ἡφαιστίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information that we have for the metrician1 Hephaestion is quite meager. O. Hense ( Hephaistion [n. 7], RE 8, 1 [1912], p. 295) thought that he was the son of Ptolemy Chennos2 and that his grandfather was th…

Arcadius

(3,331 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Marco Ercoles è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Arcadius | Ἀρκάδιος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Antiochia Data: 4°-5° sec. d.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Originario di Antiochia, Arcadio fu attivo in un periodo non bene precisabile, sicuramente anteriore alla compilazione degli Ethnica di Stefano di Bisanzio (6° o, più probabilmente, 5° sec. d.C.: cf. Neri 2008, con bibliografia), da cui è citato a più riprese (α 109, α 177, δ 26, ζ 17, λ 112, μ 2…

Euphronius

(10,764 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Novembri è stata pubblicata il 01/10/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Chersoneso? Data: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il nome di un Eufronio commentatore di poeti comici ricorre di frequente negli scolî ad Aristofane (ben 27 menzioni esplicite, di cui 14 nei soli scolî agli Uccelli e 9 in quelli alle Vespe), tuttavia non è facile comporre in un quadro coerente i dati che lo riguardan…

Neoptolemus

(11,899 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 11/02/2009 – (05/06/2009)–(02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoptolemus | Νεοπτόλεμος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Parium Date: 3th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neoptolemus was a Peripatetic1 glossographer2, poet, and literary critic; he was also a native of Parium, an Ionic colony lying on the coast of the Sea of Marmara and situated in …

Callimachus [1]

(17,043 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Cirene Data: 303 ca. – 240 ca. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Poeta e grammatico, nacque intorno al 303 a.C. e visse all’incirca fino al 240 (cfr. la menzione della guerra Laodicea del 246/245 nel fr. 110 Harder). La sua carriera si svolse per lo più ad Alessandria alla …
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