Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Antyllus

(2,071 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 04/04/2013 - 17/07/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antyllus | Ἄντυλλος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The time period of Antyllus is unknown. The Suda1 (α 2770, s.v.Ἄντυλλος) identifies him as a rhetorician, and we know of him from his work on Thucydides2: Antyllus is cited four times in the scholia to Thucydides and three times in Marcellinus’3 Life of Th…

Euphorion

(4,594 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphorion | Εὐφορίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 275/268 BCE-? ↓ To Source List Biography: Euphorion was a versatile author who was born at Chalcis ca. 275-268 BCE. According to the Suda1 he studied poetry2 with Archebulus of Thera3 and philosophy4 with Lacydes of Cyrene5 (head of the Academy6 after 241/40 BCE) and Pryt…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(10,332 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Kotiaeion (Phrygia) Date: ca. 70/80 – ca. 150 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, a native of the Phrygian city of Κοτιάειον (this is the correct form of the toponym according to Strabo1 12, 8, 122, as opposed to Κοτυάειον and Κοτιαέ…

Euphronius

(11,070 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chersonesus? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of a Euphronius who commented on the comic poets appears frequently in the scholia on Aristophanes1 (27 explicit mentions, of which 14 occur in only the scholia on the Birds and 9 in those on the Wasps), however…

Demetrius [6]

(2,041 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 12/10/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [6] | Δημήτριος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Troezen Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a grammarian of Troezen (in the Argolid), and we have little other information about him. Since he is mentioned by Athenaeus1 (and perhaps by Diogenes Laertius2, cf. infra) he should be dated before or, at…

Tryphon [1]

(24,569 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [1] | Τρύφων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Tryphon was a native of Alexandria and the son of a certain Ammonius; according to the Suda1 (τ 1115: γεγονὼς κατὰ τοὺς Αὐγούστου χρόνους καὶ πρότερον) , he was active during the reign of Augustus2, but he was bor…

Iubas [1] II

(19,881 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 22/11/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iubas [1] II | Ἰόβας / Ἰούβας Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Mauritania Date: ca. 50 a.C. – 23 d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: This Mauretanian monarch and prolific writer, the son of King Juba I of Numidia1 and grandson of Hiempsal2, is now generally distinguished from the metrician of the same name3 (cf. W. Kroll, Iuba [3], RE 9, 2 […

Dionysius [3]

(2,650 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [3] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Phaselis Date: 2nd c. BCE – ante 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a Greek grammarian1 of Phaselis (Lycia), whose date is fixed between a terminus ante quem represented by the mention of him by Didymus2 (1st c. BCE–1st c. CE) in Sch. Pind. N. 11 inscr. a., and a terminus post quem, namely …

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…

Symmachus [1]

(6,213 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/10/2003. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Symmachus [1] | Σύμμαχος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The terminus ante quem for the life of Symmachus is furnished by Herodianus1 (2nd c. CE), who cites him in his Περὶ μονήρους λέξεως2 (2, p. 945 Lentz). This date is consistent with the fact that Symmachus rejected the account of the death of the Athenia…

Chaeris

(10,361 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chaeris | Χαῖρις Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no certain information about the life of Chaeris. We know from his fragments that he lived after Aristarchus1, with whom he shares or disputes some philological opinions about the Iliad2, and before Didymus3, who used his writings ( Sch. A Il. 6, …

Mnaseas [1]

(10,005 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 11/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Mnaseas [1] | Μνασέας Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Patara (Lycia) (?) Date: second half of the 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The sources attribute to Mnaseas both the ethnic Πατρεύς and the ethnic Παταρεύς, and so either Patras in Achaia or Patara in Lycia could be his homeland; nonetheless, the variant Παταρεύς seems preferable si…

Pyrrhander

(1,152 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and first published on 04/12/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pyrrhander | Πύρρανδρος Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Pyrrhander is known solely from the citation of Ath. 14, 634d, which allows us only to establish a very vague terminus ante quem at the beginning of the 2nd/3rd c. CE at the latest. The fact that Athenaeus1 mentions him in a list of authors of works…

Nicanor [3]

(10,422 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 09/01/2006 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicanor [3] | Νικάνωρ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: Age of Hadrian ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical entry in the Suda1 (ν 375) tells us that the Alexandrian grammarian Nicanor, the son of Hermias2, lived in the age of Hadrian3, and it establishes that he was a contemporary of the grammarian Hermi…

Neoteles

(2,010 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoteles | Νεοτέλης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Neoteles is uncertain, since it is based on the hypothesis that he was a student of Aristarchus1, which was formulated by Blau ( Aristarch. discip., 1883, p. 77) because Didymus2 in Sch. Il. 24, 110b1 mentions Neoteles along with two defini…

Rufus [3]

(2,371 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Rufus [3] | Ῥοῦφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Almost nothing is known about the grammarian Rufus, the author of learned treatises that were extensively used by Sopater (probably the Neoplatonic philosopher)1 in his Various Extracts (Phot. Bibl. 161, 103a 18–20; 161, 103b 7–41; 161, …

Antiochus

(1,132 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antiochus | Ἀντίοχος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: ante 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian native to Alexandria, Antiochus is the author of a work on poets ridiculed in Middle Comedy1 (Περὶ τῶν ἐν τῇ μέσῃ κωμῳδίᾳ κωμῳδουμένων ποιητῶν). Athenaeus2 (11, 482c) refers to this work in a list of types of glasses a…

Euripides

(1,641 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euripides | Εὐριπίδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 5th-4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A figure whose character it is difficult for us to reconstruct, this Euripides was, according to the Suda1 (ε 3694), the nephew of another Euripides2, older than the famous tragedian3 ( Sud. ε 36934; cf. Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, 1: Didascaliae…

Dionysodorus

(1,814 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysodorus | Διονυσόδωρος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Troezen Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Troezen (Plut. Arat. 1, 1–1, 3; Ap. Dysc. Pron. p. 3, 12–29), Dionysodorus was a student of Aristarchus1 and dedicated himself to many fields of study. He is credited with a work On rivers (Περὶ ποταμῶν, Sch. Eur. Hip. 12…

Aretades

(1,711 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aretades | Ἀρητάδης Identity: Perseus | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cnidus? Date: 3rd-1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: There is no known biographical information about the grammarian Aretades. The mentions of an Aretades Κνίδιος who was the author of historical-ethnographical works on Macedonia (Μακεδονικά; Plut. 19, 308c, 6–12) and …
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