Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,435 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud.π 3034); this allows us to d…

Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus

(4,659 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, the son of Ammonius, was a student of Aristarchus1 and his successor as head of his school (Didymean scholion to Il. 10, 397-399a: ... Ἀμμωνίῳ τῷ διαδεξαμένῳ τὴν σχολήν). He engaged in Homeric2 exegesis…

Sal(l)ustius [2]

(2,194 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sal(l)ustius [2] | Σαλούστιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Sal(l)ustius was a sophist and grammarian, and according to the Suda1, he was also the author of commentaries on authors including Demosthenes2 and Herodotus3. It is difficult to maintain Cumont’s proposal to identify him with Sallustius of D…

Heracleon [1]

(5,690 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 11/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heracleon [1] | Ἡρακλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Tilotis in Egypt Date: age of Augustus ↓ To Source List Biography: Heracleon was the son of Glaucus or Glaucon, as we learn from Stephanus of Byzantium1 ( s.vv. Ἀγυιά, Ἀρέθουσα, Κροκύλειον), and a native of Tilotis, an Egyptian village near Heracleopolis; he worked as a teacher at Rome (cf. Su…

Chamaeleon

(12,646 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Eraclea Data: 4°/3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Originario di Eraclea del Ponto, Cameleonte fu, secondo Taziano ( Or. 31), allievo del Peripato. Con questa figura deve essere identificato il Cameleonte che, secondo quanto riportato da Fozio in un estratto dallo storico Memnone di Eraclea ( Bibl. cod. 224, 9–25 = FGrHist

Lysimachus

(8,380 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysimachus | Λυσίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The information we have about Lysimachus is meager and uncertain. We do not know his city of origin: some sources call him an Alexandrian (ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς: Sch. Ap. Rh. 1, 558 and Sch. Soph. OC. 91), but this should probab…

Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius

(3,697 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [3] Ammonii filius | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ἀμμώνιος Ἀμμωνίου γραμματικὸς ἐσημειωσάμην: so reads the note found between columns 10 and 11 of POxy. 221 (Pack2 1205 [XII Erbse]; now Pap. Mus. Brit. 1184 = Pap. Lond. 178), a commentary on Book 21 of the Iliad1. The meaning of this …

Dionysius [2]

(7,135 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [2] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Sidon Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 who probably lived in the second half of the 2nd c. BCE and whom Sengebusch (1855, p. 30) included among Aristarchus' pupils2. He worked chiefly on the text of Homer3, dealing with textual, prosodic4, an…

Philostratus [1]

(1,581 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostratus [1] | Φιλόστρατος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: ante 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Philostratus who was the author of a work on Sophocles’1 plagiarism2 is cited in the φιλόλογος ἀκρόασις by Porphyry ( ap. Eus. PE. 10, 3, 13) and in a commentary on an unknown tragedy from a papyrus of the Roman era ( PSI 1287 = TrGF adesp. fr. 722). Porphy…

Sosigenes

(1,039 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/04/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosigenes | Σωσιγένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Sosigenes is a grammarian known to us from four attestations in the scholia on the Iliad1, where he is cited for his Homeric2 ἔκδοσις (ἡ Σωσιγένους [ sc. ἔκδοσις]). His date remains uncertain (J. La Roche, Die Homerische Textkritik im Altherthum, Leipzig 1866 (repr. Hildeshe…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Autochthon

(2,285 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 15/05/2005 – 09/09/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Autochthon | Αὐτόχθων Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Autochthon was a Homeric1 commentator of uncertain era but presumably belonged to the early imperial period (2nd/3rd c. CE), as Erbse ( Beiträge, 1960, p. 58) deduced from the fact that he was cited together with Epaphroditus2 ( Sch. Il. 22, 3). To this …

Claudius [1] Ptolemaeus

(59,475 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 17/11/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Claudius [1] Ptolemaeus | Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Claudius Ptolemy was a Greek scientist who lived in the 2nd c. CE, most probably at Alexandria, and is famous in particular for his treatises on astronomy and geography. He was…

Telephus

(2,779 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/03/2006 – 16/09/09. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Telephus | Τήλεφος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Telephus was a native of Pergamum and lived in the course of the 2nd c. CE reaching almost the age of 100 years, as is stated by Galen1, who speaks of the grammarian’s well-regulated life (6, pp. 333-334. pp. 379-380 [Kü…

Lycophron

(8,253 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lycophron | Λυκόφρων Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian1, a tragic writer2, and a member of the Pleiad, Lycophron was a native of Chalcis, the son of Socles, and the adoptive son of Lycus of Rhegium3. He wrote 64 or 46 tragedies; we know t…

Asclepiades [3]

(1,608 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 06/02/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [3] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria/Nicaea? Date: ante 1st c. BCE-1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: An Asclepiades described as “the Alexandrine” is cited in Sch. Aristoph. Nub. 37 on the subject of the Athenian office of demarch1. The fragment preserved in EGud. 355, 38-52, which concerns the law tablets (κύ…

Hermonax

(1,151 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermonax | Ἑρμῶναξ Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 1st c. CE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Hermonax was the author of a collection of Cretan Glosses; Athenaeus1 preserves four certain fragments from this work, and these involve the Cretan names for a variety of figs (3, 76e), quinces (3, 81f), and a category of slaves (6, 267c), as well as a …

Autoclides

(3,063 words)

Author(s): Muratore, Davide
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Davide Muratore and first published on 03/05/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Autoclides | Αὐτοκλείδης Identity: BNJ Place of Origin: Athens Date: ante 1st c. CE. ↓ To Source List Biography: Autoclides was an Athenian exegete (on exegetes cf. J.H. Oliver, The Athenian expounders of the sacred and ancestral law, Baltimore 1950; K. Clinton, The sacred officials of the Eleusinian Mysteries, ‘Transactions of the American…

Tryphon [2]

(842 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 18/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tryphon [2] | Τρύφων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The Etymologica1 ( EGen. A, s.v.δάνειον; EGud. 334, 14-17 [Stef.]; EM. 247, 52-248, 1, cf. Zon. p. 4702) credit an author named Tryphon, son of Arpocration, with an explanation of the term δάνειον, according to which the word originally had the meaning of ἀναφα…
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