Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Sosibius [2] Lacon

(3,681 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sosibius [2] Lacon | Σωσίβιος ὁ Λάκων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The date of Sosibius can be determined only approximately because his Χρόνων ἀναγραφή certainly presupposes knowledge of Timaeus of Tauromenium’s1 Ὀλυμπιονῖκαι (Timaeus died in 264 BCE, but the composit…

Polemon [1]

(10,174 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 14/01/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Polemon [1] | Πολέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ilium Date: 3th/2th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Polemon was a native of Ilium in the kingdom of the Attalids. A letter πρὸς Ἄτταλον (fr. 80, 82 Preller), perhaps addressed to Attalus I1, shows his relationship with the Pergamene rulers. The Delphic inscription ( Syll.³, 2, 585, 2662) th…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Lycophron

(8,253 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lycophron | Λυκόφρων Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian1, a tragic writer2, and a member of the Pleiad, Lycophron was a native of Chalcis, the son of Socles, and the adoptive son of Lycus of Rhegium3. He wrote 64 or 46 tragedies; we know t…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We find some information about the dating of Apollonius and his city of origin in POxy. 10.1241. A chrestomathy of history1 and mythology2, this document furnishes us with a list of grammaria…

Parmeniscus

(4,742 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmeniscus | Παρμενίσκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ca. 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Although we know practically nothing about the life of Parmeniscus, the dating of this grammarian with Alexandrian1 tendencies can be fixed approximately between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. Against Crates (Πρὸς Κράτητα) was actually t…

Neoptolemus

(11,899 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 11/02/2009 – (05/06/2009)–(02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoptolemus | Νεοπτόλεμος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Parium Date: 3th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neoptolemus was a Peripatetic1 glossographer2, poet, and literary critic; he was also a native of Parium, an Ionic colony lying on the coast of the Sea of Marmara and situated in …

Critolaus

(2,601 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 30/07/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Critolaus | Κριτόλαος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Jacoby 1922 attributes to a scholar named Critolaus a grammatical1 interpretation of the meaning of the phrase ἦ δ’ ὅς; it is ascribed by the lexicographical tradition to a Critolaus and to a Chares2 who cannot otherwise be identified (Phot. Lex.η…

Agatharchides

(11,524 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 08/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agatharchides | Ἀγαθαρχίδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Cnidus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A web of information allows us to place the life of Agatharchides between 200 BCE (or a few years earlier) and the last decades of the 2nd c. BCE. In codex 213 of the Bibliotheca1 (p. 171a 6-171b 12), Photius2 states that Agatharch…

Lysanias

(2,785 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysanias | Λυσανίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Lysanias was a native of Cyrene and the teacher of his fellow citizen Eratosthenes1 ( Sud.ε 2898); this information dates him safely to the 3rd c. BCE. We know the title of only one of his works, his Περὶ ἰαμβοποιῶν, in several books; it i…

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Philemon [1]

(5,458 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 26/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [1] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Aixone Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Philemon was an Athenian glossographer1 (from the deme of Aixone) who is traditionally dated to the 3rd or 2nd c. BCE. He is cited twice by Tryphon2 ( ap. [Amm.] Diff. 405, s.v.πονηρόν and Hdn. Cath. pros. fr. 53 Hunger), who serves a…

Euphronius

(9,190 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 20/04/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Chersonese Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of a Euphronius who was a commentator on comic poets appears frequently in the scholia on Aristophanes1 (27 explicit mentions, fourteen of which are in the scholia on the Frogs2 alone and nine on the Wasps3), but it is no…

Timachidas

(4,459 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 10/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timachidas | Τιμαχίδας Identity: Place of Origin: Lindus (Rhodes) Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of the Rhodian grammarian Timachidas is intertwined with the problem of his possible identification with the Τιμαχίδας Ἁγησιτίμου Λινδοπολίτας cited in the inscription of the so-called Chronicle of the temple of Lindus

Chaeris

(10,361 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chaeris | Χαῖρις Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no certain information about the life of Chaeris. We know from his fragments that he lived after Aristarchus1, with whom he shares or disputes some philological opinions about the Iliad2, and before Didymus3, who used his writings ( Sch. A Il. 6, …

Mnaseas [1]

(10,005 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 11/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Mnaseas [1] | Μνασέας Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Patara (Lycia) (?) Date: second half of the 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The sources attribute to Mnaseas both the ethnic Πατρεύς and the ethnic Παταρεύς, and so either Patras in Achaia or Patara in Lycia could be his homeland; nonetheless, the variant Παταρεύς seems preferable si…

Antidorus

(2,609 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 19/09/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antidorus | Ἀντίδωρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyme Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Immisch ( De gramm. principe, 1890, pp. 695-696) determined the correct name of this grammarian as Ἀντίδωρος. He had previously been referred to in manuscripts as “Αὐτόδωρος”, a reading that had been regarded as secure until …

Rufus [3]

(2,371 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Rufus [3] | Ῥοῦφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Almost nothing is known about the grammarian Rufus, the author of learned treatises that were extensively used by Sopater (probably the Neoplatonic philosopher)1 in his Various Extracts (Phot. Bibl. 161, 103a 18–20; 161, 103b 7–41; 161, …