Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Heracleon [1]

(5,690 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 11/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heracleon [1] | Ἡρακλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Tilotis in Egypt Date: age of Augustus ↓ To Source List Biography: Heracleon was the son of Glaucus or Glaucon, as we learn from Stephanus of Byzantium1 ( s.vv. Ἀγυιά, Ἀρέθουσα, Κροκύλειον), and a native of Tilotis, an Egyptian village near Heracleopolis; he worked as a teacher at Rome (cf. Su…

Orion

(27,034 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orion | Ὠρίων Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Thebes (Egypt) Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two very brief biographical entries that appear in the Suda1 (ω 188 and 189) under the heading Ὠρίων probably refer to the same person. The two entries attribute to an author with this name a gnomic collection entitled Ἀνθολόγιον b…

Euripides

(1,520 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 20/02/2006. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Euripides | Εὐριπίδης Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 5°–4° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Figura dai contorni incerti, questo Euripide fu, secondo la Suda (ε 3694), nipote di un altro Euripide, più anziano del noto tragediografo ( Sud. ε 3693; cfr. Tragicorum Graecorum Fragmenta, 1: Didascaliae tragicae, catalogi tragicorum et tragoediarum, testimonia et fragmenta trag…

Dionysius [10] Cyclographus

(4,327 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [10] Cyclographus | Διονύσιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: Rhodes or Samos Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know from the Suda (δ 1881, FGrHist 15 T 1) that Dionysius was the son of Musonius, that he was from Rhodes or Samos, that he was a priest of the temple of Helios1, and that he was the author of Local …

Amarantus

(3,291 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amarantus | Ἀμάραντος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Athenaeus1 (10, 414f) identifies Amarantus as ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, but we do not know if this is simply a reference to his homeland or rather (also) to the geographical and cultural realm of his activity. The terminus post quem for his date is drawn fro…

Alexander [5] Aetolus

(3,773 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [5] Aetolus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Αἰτωλός Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Pleuron Date: ca. 315-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 (α 1127 = test. 1 Snell-Kannicht = test. 1 Magnelli) tells us that Alexander Aetolus was born at Pleuron in Aetolia and that his parents were named Satyrus and Stratocleia. Elsewhere (α 3745 = test. 2 Snel…

Demetrius [2]

(13,084 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [2] | Δημήτριος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: born ca. 205 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a scholar and antiquarian from Scepsis in the Troad, and he had a wealthy and noble background, as Diogenes Laertius1, who calls him a φιλόλογος (5, 84) among other things, informs us. Strabo2 calls him a contemporary of Cra…

Demetrius [12] Pyktes

(1,313 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 21/12/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [12] Pyktes | Δημήτριος ὁ Πύκτης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ante second half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius, a grammarian known from very few references, was called “the Boxer” and definitely lived within the second half of the 1st c. CE, as we can ascertain from the fact that he was known to Apollonius Sophistes1 …

Aristodemus [3]

(3,112 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [3] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a grammarian1 and rhetorician2 of the 1st c. BCE and a cousin of Aristodemus, a lesser known grammarian of the 2nd-1st c. BCE3; he was the son of the Aristarchean Menecrates4 and was also a student of Aristarchus5…

Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Parmeniscus

(4,742 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmeniscus | Παρμενίσκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ca. 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Although we know practically nothing about the life of Parmeniscus, the dating of this grammarian with Alexandrian1 tendencies can be fixed approximately between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. Against Crates (Πρὸς Κράτητα) was actually t…

Phidalius/Philalius

(2,916 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Phidalius/Philalius | Φιδάλιος/Φιλάλιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: Corinth Date: 1st/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: This author is known to us from two fragments of the Chronographia of John Malalas1 (5, 18 [87, 80-94 Thurn]; 5, 19 [89, 56-90, 72 Thurn]), who is almost certainly the source of John Tzetzes2, who mentions Phidal…

Callistratus

(12,876 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/11/2007 – 20/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callistratus | Καλλίστρατος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callistratus’ birthplace is unknown. The Sch. Aristoph. Thesm. 917 (⟨οὐκ⟩ ἀνάξιος δὲ ἂν εἴη ὁ Καλλίστρατος πιστεύεσθαι ὡς ἂν παρὰ διδασκάλου τοῦ Ἀριστοφάνους λέγων) and the testimony of Athenaeus1, who in two places desc…

Harpocration [4]

(931 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [4] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: post 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is known from only one attestation in the scholia on the Iliad (9, 453c), where he is mentioned for his commentary on Book 9, or on the entire poem2, if we accept the conjecture of Heyne (1802, p. 626) who corre…

Aristodemus [1]

(5,031 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 17/12/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [1] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to Athenaeus1, Aristodemus was the author of a commentary on Pindar2 in at least three books (Ath. 11, 495f: ἐν τρίτῳ Περὶ Πινδάρου); numerous fragments of it survive. The name of Aristodemus appears thi…

Euclides

(5,309 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euclides | Εὐκλείδης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no information about the time period, place of origin, or life of Euclides and even the historical reality of this figure has been called into doubt. He is mentioned in relation to the structure of Attic tragedy and comedy in some passages of Johannes Tzetzes1, who menti…

Hesychius

(3,873 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hesychius | Ἡσύχιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th-6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Hesychius of Alexandria was probably active around the year 500 CE. The sole information that we have about his life and work comes from the prefatory letter to his lexicon (pp. 1–2 Latte). It is dedicated to a certain Eulogi…

Dionysius [9]

(2,757 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/06/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [9] | Διονύσιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: In the subscriptions of the scholia on the Medea1 and the Orestes2 the ὑπόμνημα of a Dionysius who is not further identified is mentioned as one of the sources of the material combined into the Euripidean3 scholiographical corpus. Nothing more…

Agatharchides

(11,524 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 08/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agatharchides | Ἀγαθαρχίδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Cnidus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A web of information allows us to place the life of Agatharchides between 200 BCE (or a few years earlier) and the last decades of the 2nd c. BCE. In codex 213 of the Bibliotheca1 (p. 171a 6-171b 12), Photius2 states that Agatharch…
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