Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Apion

(31,680 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Bacigalupo è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Apion | Ἀπίων Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Oasis Data: 1º sec. a.C.-1º sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Una fitta trama di notizie ci permette di collocare la vita e l’attività del grammatico egiziano Apione, nativo di Oasis (Ios. Ap. 2, 29), tra la fine del 1° sec. a.C. e la prima metà del 1° d.C. Dalla voce a lui dedicata dalla Suda (α 3215 Adler) appren…

Chamaeleon

(12,646 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Eraclea Data: 4°/3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Originario di Eraclea del Ponto, Cameleonte fu, secondo Taziano ( Or. 31), allievo del Peripato. Con questa figura deve essere identificato il Cameleonte che, secondo quanto riportato da Fozio in un estratto dallo storico Memnone di Eraclea ( Bibl. cod. 224, 9–25 = FGrHist

Cassius Longinus

(12,238 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Emesa (?) Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Cassius Longinus was a Neoplatonic philosopher, grammarian, and rhetor who was born between 200 and 213 CE (Brisson-Patillon 1994, pp. 5219-5220). The nomen Cassius is attested by the lexicon Suda

Lysimachus

(8,380 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysimachus | Λυσίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The information we have about Lysimachus is meager and uncertain. We do not know his city of origin: some sources call him an Alexandrian (ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς: Sch. Ap. Rh. 1, 558 and Sch. Soph. OC. 91), but this should probab…

Philogenes

(1,555 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philogenes | Φιλογένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Philogenes is known only from rare references, and both his birthplace and his dating remain uncertain. In the absence of other useful information to identify him, we can say that his name occurs twice in the scholia vetera on the Alexandra of Lycophron1; a third citation, …

Amerias

(4,660 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/11/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amerias | Ἀμερίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Macedonia Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Amerias was a grammarian and lexicographer of the Alexandrine1 Age, and he is named by Eustathius2 ( ad Il. 757, 19-22) as one of the γλωσσογράφοι3, the group of scholars before Aristarchus4 who are often mentioned in the sources by this term.…

Tyrannion [1] Maior

(16,598 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tyrannion [1] Maior | Τυραννίων ὁ πρεσβύτερος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 110/100-25 ca. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The majority of the information we have about the life of Tyrannion comes from the Suda (τ 1184). He was a native of Amisus in Pontus who lived in the time of Pompey the Great and died of gout at an advan…

Autochthon

(2,285 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 15/05/2005 – 09/09/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Autochthon | Αὐτόχθων Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Autochthon was a Homeric1 commentator of uncertain era but presumably belonged to the early imperial period (2nd/3rd c. CE), as Erbse ( Beiträge, 1960, p. 58) deduced from the fact that he was cited together with Epaphroditus2 ( Sch. Il. 22, 3). To this …

Cassius Longinus

(12,096 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Carla Castelli è stata pubblicata il 02/04/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Emesa (?) Data: ̊3° sec. d. C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Filosofo neoplatonico, grammatico, retore, Cassio Longino nacque tra il 200 e il 213 (Brisson-Patillon 1994, pp. 5219-5220). Il nomen Cassio è attestato dal lessico Suda (κ 645), che documenta altresì il rapporto di parentela col…

Euphorion

(4,558 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Euphorion | Εὐφορίων Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Calcide di Eubea Data: 275/268 a.C.-? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Autore versatile, nato a Calcide all’incirca tra il 275 e il 268 a.C. Secondo la Suda studiò poesia presso Archebulo di Tera e filosofia presso Lacide (a capo dell’Accademia dopo il 241/40) e Pritanide (peripatetico, ancora in vita nel 222) ad Ate…

Nicocrates

(4,937 words)

Author(s): Comunetti, Marco
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Marco Comunetti è stata pubblicata il 01/10/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Nicocrates | Νικοκράτης Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Beozia? Data: 3° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Sulla biografia di Nicocrate non abbiamo informazioni, ma il materiale pervenuto ci permette di attribuirgli la composizione di due opere: un testo di carattere periegetico relativo alla Beozia e un saggio di natura erudita …

Agallis

(2,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agallis | Ἀγαλλίς Identity: Place of Origin: Corcyra Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Agallis’ gender and the form of her name are known for certain from Athenaeus1 (1, 14d: Ἀγαλλὶς ἡ Κερκυραία), who allows us to recognize the Ἀναγαλλίς of the Suda2 (which is completely dependent on Athenaeus) as a corrupt reading and the Ἀγαλλίας ὁ Κερκυραῖος …

Porphyrius

(8,945 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: 232/4 CE–ca. 304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 2098. 2099) or Batanea, in modern day Syria, Porphyry was called Malchus at birth – from the Semitic root meaning "king" – in honor of his father; t…

Lysimachus

(8,284 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Lysimachus | Λυσίμαχος Identità: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 3°/2° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Pochi e incerti sono i dati che possediamo su Lisimaco. Non conosciamo la sua patria d’origine: alcune fonti lo definiscono alessandrino (ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς: Sch. Ap. Rh. 1, 558 e Sch. Soph. OC. 91), ma ciò è probabilmente da intendersi in relazione alla sua attività di eru…

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…

Euphorion

(4,594 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphorion | Εὐφορίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 275/268 BCE-? ↓ To Source List Biography: Euphorion was a versatile author who was born at Chalcis ca. 275-268 BCE. According to the Suda1 he studied poetry2 with Archebulus of Thera3 and philosophy4 with Lacydes of Cyrene5 (head of the Academy6 after 241/40 BCE) and Pryt…

Nicocrates

(5,381 words)

Author(s): Comunetti, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Comunetti and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicocrates | Νικοκράτης Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: Boeotia? Date: 3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no information about the life of Nicocrates, but surviving material allows us to credit him with the composition of two works: a periegetic text on Boeotia and an erudite essay on the agones and, presumably, the…

Tyrannion [1] Maior

(16,580 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 01/10/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Tyrannion [1] Maior | Τυραννίων ὁ πρεσβύτερος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Amiso Data: 110/100-25 ca. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Ricaviamo la maggior parte delle informazioni sulla biografia di Tirannione dalla testimonianza della Suda (τ 1184). Egli era originario di Amiso nel Ponto, visse al tempo di Pompeo Magno e morì di gotta in età avanzata. Nell’indicazione cronologica fornita dalla Suda…

Heraclitus [1]

(3,222 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclitus [1] | Ἡράκλειτος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st/2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Ἡράκλειτος is the name cited in the subscriptions of the more credible witnesses of the rhetorical-allegorical work, to which some manuscripts attribute the title Ὁμηρικὰ προβλήματα and which, starting from mid-19th C…

Callimachus [1]

(17,043 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Cirene Data: 303 ca. – 240 ca. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Poeta e grammatico, nacque intorno al 303 a.C. e visse all’incirca fino al 240 (cfr. la menzione della guerra Laodicea del 246/245 nel fr. 110 Harder). La sua carriera si svolse per lo più ad Alessandria alla …
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