Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Eudaemon

(6,390 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eudaemon | Εὐδαίμων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Pelusium Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Eudaemon was a grammarian1 and poet, as well as a contemporary of Libanius2, who was his friend and epistolary correspondent (Lib. epist. 167, 255, 633); he was born ca. 314–324 CE and died before 392 CE (so Kaster 1988, p.…

Harpocration [4]

(844 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Harpocration [4] | Ἁρποκρατίων Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: post 1° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico noto per una sola attestazione negli scolii all’ Iliade (9, 453c), dove è menzionato per un suo commentario al libro 9, oppure all’intero poema, se si accetta la congettura di Heyne (1802, p. 626) che correggeva la lezione ῑ del manoscritto (A) in Ἰλιάδος (“fort. verum” secondo Erbse 1969-1…

Leptines

(1,792 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leptines | Λεπτίνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Identified, probably wrongly, by Boeckh (1819, p. 248) as the Leptines cited in the catalogue of the writings of Chrysippus1, this grammarian2 is mentioned in a scholion to Pindar3 ( O. 10, 55b) together with Aristodemus of Elis4 and a Diony…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Asclepiades [2]

(13,547 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 15/01/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [2] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Myrlea (Bithynia) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Asclepiades was a native of Myrlea (later Apamea) in Bithynia and lived between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. He journeyed to Rome in the age of Pompey the Great1, to Alexandria in Egypt, and to Spain, …

Posidonius [1]

(2,647 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 16/11/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Posidonius [1] | Ποσειδώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Known from a few surviving fragments, the grammarian Posidonius was an ἀναγνώστης of Aristarchus1, as we know from the scholia to the Iliad2 and Eustathius3, who drew on them ( Sch. Il. 6, 511a. 17, 75a, cf. Eustath. ad Il. 659, 15–18. 1096, 12–15). Thi…

Eustathius

(2,334 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 19/12/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Eustathius | Εὐστάθιος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 4°/5° sec. d.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Inizialmente identificato con l’arcivescovo di Tessalonica (Fuhr, Zwei Hermogeneskommentartoren, «RhM» 51 (1896), pp. 45–51, p. 48), il retore Eustazio va in realtà datato a un’epoca molto anteriore (al 5° sec. secondo L. Schilling, Quaestiones rhetoricae selectae, «JKPh» Suppl. 28 (…

Menogenes

(571 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 03/05/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menogenes | Μηνογένης Place of Origin: ? Date: before 3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: According to Eustathius1 ( ad Il. 1, 401, 24-30 [ Il. 2, 494]), Menogenes was the author of a commentary on the Homeric2 Catalogue of Ships in 23 books. We have no other certain information about him. We can hypothesize with Gudeman (1931, …

Comanus

(5,383 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Novembri è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Comanus | Κομανός Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Naucrati Data: 2° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Per il nome di Comano, differentemente scritto e accentato nei manoscritti, cfr. Solmsen 1945, p. 115 n. 3 e Schmidhauser 2008. Originario di Naucrati secondo gli scolî all’ Iliade ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 363e), Comano fu contemporaneo di Aristarco (<=), che intitolò a lui un trattato Πρὸ…

Euphranor [1]

(808 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 03/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphranor [1] | Εὐφράνωρ Place of Origin: ? Date: ante 2nd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: It is hardly plausible that the Euphranor cited in a note of the Herodian1 scholion ad Il. 14, 372a (taken up by Eustath. ad Il. 992, 55–60) should be identified with the celebrated painter and sculptor of Corinth2 (cf. H. Erbse, Scholia Graeca in Homeri Iliadem …

Sim(m)ias

(2,127 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Sim(m)ias | Σιμ(μ)ίας Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sim(m)ias was the inventor of the technopaignion1 and the author of a collection of glosses2 in three books ( Sud. σ 431), and so he is considered a representative of the poet-philologists, who are the examples par excelle…

Demetrius [2]

(13,084 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [2] | Δημήτριος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: born ca. 205 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a scholar and antiquarian from Scepsis in the Troad, and he had a wealthy and noble background, as Diogenes Laertius1, who calls him a φιλόλογος (5, 84) among other things, informs us. Strabo2 calls him a contemporary of Cra…

Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos

(10,085 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Χέννος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy, the son of a man named Hephaestion, was nicknamed Χέννος (“quail”) and was a native of Alexandria; he lived, according to the two entries about him in the Suda1, between the reigns of Nero2 ( Sud.ε 2004) and Hadrian…

Timolaus

(1,369 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 25/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timolaus | Τιμόλαος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Larissa Date: 4th / 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (τ 626), Timolaus was a rhetorician and a student of Anaximenes of Lampsacus2; this fact allows us to date his career to the end of the 4th or between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. His birthplace is named by the Suda as Larissa “ἐκ Μακ…

Aristodemus [3]

(3,112 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [3] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a grammarian1 and rhetorician2 of the 1st c. BCE and a cousin of Aristodemus, a lesser known grammarian of the 2nd-1st c. BCE3; he was the son of the Aristarchean Menecrates4 and was also a student of Aristarchus5…

Palaephatus

(17,889 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 7/02/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Palaephatus | Παλαίφατος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Parion or Abydus? Date: 4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 lexicon lists four people under the name of Palaephatus. After the legendary Athenian epic poet2 who was the author of mythological poems (cf. Sud.π 69), there are three other authors behind whom lies only on…

Eustathius

(2,352 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 19/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eustathius | Εὐστάθιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th/5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Initially identified with the archbishop of Thessalonica1 (Fuhr, Zwei Hermogeneskommentartoren, «RhM» 51 (1896), pp. 45-51, esp. p. 48), the rhetor Eustathius actually belonged to a much earlier age (to the 5th c. CE according to L. Schilling, Quae…

Porphyrius

(6,818 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: ca. 234-304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Porphyry was born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 20981. 20992) or at Batanea, in modern Syria. His birth name was Malchus – from the Semitic root that means “king” – in honor of his father. The name …

Zenodotus [4]

(3,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 21/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenodotus [4] | Ζηνόδοτος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Mallos Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Zenodotus is a grammarian of unknown date, but he may perhaps belong to the Hellenistic Age (so K. Nickau, Zenodotos [n. 4], RE 10 A [1972], 45-47; H. Gärtner, Zenodotos [n. 3], Der Kleine Pauly. Lexikon der Antike, auf der Grundlage von Pau…

Comanus

(5,522 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Comanus | Κομανός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Naucratis Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: For the name of Comanus, which is written and accented in different ways in the manuscripts, cf. Solmsen (1945, p. 115 n. 3) and Schmidhauser (2008). He was a native of Naucratis according to the scholia to the Iliad1 ( Sch. ex. Il. 21, 363e)…
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