Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Orus

(11,089 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Antonella Ippolito è stata pubblicata il 20/05/2008. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Orus | Ὦρος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Alessandria Data: 5° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: La Suda, che attinge all’ Onomasticon di Esichio di Mileto, informa che Oros, originario di Alessandria, insegnò a Costantinopoli; non sappiamo se la sua attività didattica fosse legata ad un incarico imperiale (cfr. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon des Oros. Untersuchung und k…

Megaclides

(6,401 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Atene? Data: seconda metà del 4° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico di ambiente peripatetico, vissuto nella seconda metà del 4° secolo a.C. (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). Dal contenuto di alcuni frammenti discende l’ipotesi della sua origine ateniese (cfr. Dreyer, Megakleides, 1138; e inoltre Hypoth. A ad Hes. S…

Euphronius

(10,764 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Novembri è stata pubblicata il 01/10/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Chersoneso? Data: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il nome di un Eufronio commentatore di poeti comici ricorre di frequente negli scolî ad Aristofane (ben 27 menzioni esplicite, di cui 14 nei soli scolî agli Uccelli e 9 in quelli alle Vespe), tuttavia non è facile comporre in un quadro coerente i dati che lo riguardan…

Megaclides

(6,481 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Athens? Date: second half of the 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Megaclides was a grammarian of the Peripatetic1 school who lived in the second half of the 4th c. BCE (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). The content of some of the fragments gives us the impression that he…

Arcadius

(3,781 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Arcadius | Ἀρκάδιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Antioch Date: 4th-5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Antioch, Arcadius’ career occurred at a time we are unable to identify precisely, but it must be before the compilation of the Ethnica of Stephanus of Byzantium1 (6th or, more probably, 5th c. CE: cf. Neri 2008, with bi…

Theon [1]

(38,919 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theon [1] | Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theon, the son of Artemidorus of Tarsus1, a follower of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, lived in the Augustan Age or in the final years of the Republican period (Bongelli 2000, p. 281) and led the philological school of Alexandria3 before Apion4 (Matth…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(10,332 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Kotiaeion (Phrygia) Date: ca. 70/80 – ca. 150 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, a native of the Phrygian city of Κοτιάειον (this is the correct form of the toponym according to Strabo1 12, 8, 122, as opposed to Κοτυάειον and Κοτιαέ…

Euphronius

(11,070 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chersonesus? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of a Euphronius who commented on the comic poets appears frequently in the scholia on Aristophanes1 (27 explicit mentions, of which 14 occur in only the scholia on the Birds and 9 in those on the Wasps), however…

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…