Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Orus

(11,372 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orus | Ὦρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 , which drew on Hesychius of Miletus’2 Onomasticon3, informs us that Orus, a native of Alexandria, taught at Constantinople; we do not know whether his teaching was connected with an imperial post (cf. K. Alpers, Das attizistische Lexikon…

Secundus

(515 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and first published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Secundus | Σεκοῦνδος Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE. ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole mention of the γραμματικός1 Secundus appears in a passage of the Ecloga2 of Phrynichus3 (236 = 424 Fischer), who describes him as a συγγενόμενος (student or, more generally, collaborator) of Antonius Polemon4 (88–144 CE: cf. Stegemann 1952): Sec…

Theon [1]

(39,344 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Theon [1] | Θέων Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 1° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Teone, figlio di Artemidoro di Tarso (=> Artemidorus [1]), seguace di Aristofane di Bisanzio (<=), visse in età augustea o negli ultimi anni del periodo repubblicano (Bongelli 2000, p. 281) e guidò la scuola filologica di Alessandria prima di Apione (<=) (Matth…

Iulianus [1]

(1,597 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 21/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Iulianus [1] | Ἰουλιανός Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A lexicographer and grammarian of the 2nd c. CE, Julianus was the author, according to Photius1 ( Bibl. cod. 150, 99a–b), of a Λεξικὸν τῶν παρὰ τοῖς δέκα ῥήτορσι λέξεων, arranged in alphabetical order (κατὰ στοιχεῖον) and quite detailed (πολύστι…

Phrynichus Arabius

(2,502 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Mario Regali è stata pubblicata il 18/04/2008. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Phrynichus Arabius | Φρύνιχος Ἀράβιος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Bitinia Data: seconda metà 2° sec. d.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Fozio attribuisce a Frinico l’etnico Ἀράβιος ( Bibl. cod. 158, 2, 100a, 33), mentre la Suda lo designa come Βιθυνός (φ 764). Fozio colloca la sua ἀκμή sotto Marco Aurelio e Commodo (161–192). Grammatico atticista, allievo di Elio Aristide, a lungo …

Megaclides

(6,481 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Athens? Date: second half of the 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Megaclides was a grammarian of the Peripatetic1 school who lived in the second half of the 4th c. BCE (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). The content of some of the fragments gives us the impression that he…

Theon [1]

(38,919 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theon [1] | Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theon, the son of Artemidorus of Tarsus1, a follower of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, lived in the Augustan Age or in the final years of the Republican period (Bongelli 2000, p. 281) and led the philological school of Alexandria3 before Apion4 (Matth…

Alexander [6] Cotiaeus

(10,332 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [6] Cotiaeus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Kotiaeion (Phrygia) Date: ca. 70/80 – ca. 150 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Κοτιαεύς, a native of the Phrygian city of Κοτιάειον (this is the correct form of the toponym according to Strabo1 12, 8, 122, as opposed to Κοτυάειον and Κοτιαέ…

Phrynichus Arabius

(2,925 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 18/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Phrynichus Arabius | Φρύνιχος Ἀράβιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Bitinia Date: seconda metà 2° sec. d.C. ↓ To Source List Biography: Photius1 attributes to Phrynichus the ethnic Ἀράβιος ( Bibl. cod. 158, 2, 100a, 33), while the Suda2 describes him as Βιθυνός (φ 764). Photius places his ἀκμή under Marcus Aurelius3 and Commodus4 (161-192 CE). Phr…

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…

Aelius [1] Dionysius

(30,303 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aelius [1] Dionysius | Αἴλιος Διονύσιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Halicarnassus Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Halicarnassus, like the historiographer and rhetor1 who shared his name and who was his illustrious forefather according to the Suda2 (δ 1174), Aelius Dionysius lived in the age of Hadrian3. The quest…

Philemon [3]

(3,883 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 30/03/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [3] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian of the imperial age, Philemon has now been dated to ca. 200 CE on the basis of several pieces of evidence, which are not of the same value: 1) Oros1 (5th c. CE) could offer a terminus ante quem, if he is in fact the source, through Choerobo…