Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,435 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud.π 3034); this allows us to d…

Clemens

(1,392 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Clemens | Κλήμης Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no biographical information about Clemens. His Latin name suggests to date him in the imperial period, probably between the 1st and 2nd c. CE. Only three citations of Clemens survive in some lexicographical works…

Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus

(4,659 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, the son of Ammonius, was a student of Aristarchus1 and his successor as head of his school (Didymean scholion to Il. 10, 397-399a: ... Ἀμμωνίῳ τῷ διαδεξαμένῳ τὴν σχολήν). He engaged in Homeric2 exegesis…

Leptines

(1,792 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Leptines | Λεπτίνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Identified, probably wrongly, by Boeckh (1819, p. 248) as the Leptines cited in the catalogue of the writings of Chrysippus1, this grammarian2 is mentioned in a scholion to Pindar3 ( O. 10, 55b) together with Aristodemus of Elis4 and a Diony…

Asclepiades [2]

(13,547 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 15/01/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [2] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Myrlea (Bithynia) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Asclepiades was a native of Myrlea (later Apamea) in Bithynia and lived between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. He journeyed to Rome in the age of Pompey the Great1, to Alexandria in Egypt, and to Spain, …

Orion

(27,034 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orion | Ὠρίων Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Thebes (Egypt) Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two very brief biographical entries that appear in the Suda1 (ω 188 and 189) under the heading Ὠρίων probably refer to the same person. The two entries attribute to an author with this name a gnomic collection entitled Ἀνθολόγιον b…

Dionysius [2]

(7,135 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [2] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Sidon Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 who probably lived in the second half of the 2nd c. BCE and whom Sengebusch (1855, p. 30) included among Aristarchus' pupils2. He worked chiefly on the text of Homer3, dealing with textual, prosodic4, an…

Draco

(1,161 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 04/01/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Draco | Δράκων Place of Origin: Stratoniceia (Caria) Date: ante 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Draco was a native of Stratoniceia in Caria and the author, as the Suda1 (δ 1496) informs us, of technical-grammatical works (Τεχνικά, perhaps a comprehensive definition of the following titles: Ὀρθογραφία, Περὶ τῶν κατὰ συζυγίαν ὀνομάτων, and Περὶ ἀν…

Artemon [2]

(1,443 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 02/11/2005 - 11/10/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [2] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Cassandria Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Artemon of Cassandria lived in a period that does not antedate the second half of the 2nd c. BCE, as the terminus post quem established by the fact that he mentions the grammarian Dionysius Scytobrachion1 (At…

Demetrius [2]

(13,084 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [2] | Δημήτριος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: born ca. 205 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a scholar and antiquarian from Scepsis in the Troad, and he had a wealthy and noble background, as Diogenes Laertius1, who calls him a φιλόλογος (5, 84) among other things, informs us. Strabo2 calls him a contemporary of Cra…

Apollonius [10] Idographus

(1,447 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Apollonius [10] Idographus | Ἀπολλώνιος ὁ εἰδογράφος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We find some information about the dating of Apollonius and his city of origin in POxy. 10.1241. A chrestomathy of history1 and mythology2, this document furnishes us with a list of grammaria…

Hephaestion

(6,092 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/12/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hephaestion | Ἡφαιστίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information that we have for the metrician1 Hephaestion is quite meager. O. Hense ( Hephaistion [n. 7], RE 8, 1 [1912], p. 295) thought that he was the son of Ptolemy Chennos2 and that his grandfather was th…

Menecrates [2]

(2,122 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [2] | Μενεκράτης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Strabo1 (14, 1, 48) mentions that a Menecrates from Nysa was a student of Aristarchus2 and the father of Aristodemus3 whom the young Strabo heard when he was an elderly man: from this information we can date Menecrates to the 2nd c. BCE. Some note…

Aristocles

(4,577 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristocles | Ἀριστοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Aristocles is included in a review of famous Rhodians by Strabo2 (14, 2, 13), who names him as one of his contemporaries (ὁ γραμματικὸς καὶ Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ καθ’ ἡμᾶς). We should probably identify th…

Achilles [Tatius]

(3,489 words)

Author(s): Rossetti, Matteo
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Matteo Rossetti and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Achilles [Tatius] | Ἀχιλλεὺς [Τάτιος] Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is dated to ca. 2nd/3rd c. CE (this dating was proposed also by Martin 1956 , p. 132): the first testimonium about a work by Achilles on the sphaera barbarica appears in Firmicus Maternus2 ( Math. 4, 17 ,12), …

Callistratus

(12,876 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/11/2007 – 20/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callistratus | Καλλίστρατος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callistratus’ birthplace is unknown. The Sch. Aristoph. Thesm. 917 (⟨οὐκ⟩ ἀνάξιος δὲ ἂν εἴη ὁ Καλλίστρατος πιστεύεσθαι ὡς ἂν παρὰ διδασκάλου τοῦ Ἀριστοφάνους λέγων) and the testimony of Athenaeus1, who in two places desc…

Aristodemus [1]

(5,031 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 17/12/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [1] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to Athenaeus1, Aristodemus was the author of a commentary on Pindar2 in at least three books (Ath. 11, 495f: ἐν τρίτῳ Περὶ Πινδάρου); numerous fragments of it survive. The name of Aristodemus appears thi…

Artemon [1]

(2,176 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 23/06/2004 - 28/06/2013. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [1] | Ἀρτέμων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: ca. 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Artemon was a native of Pergamum ( Sch. Pind. O. 2, 16b) and lived presumably in the 2nd c. BCE: the polemic conducted against him by the disciple of Aristarchus1, Menecrates of Nysa2 (2nd c. BCE; cf. Sch. Pind. O. 2, 16b-c),…

Theon [1]

(38,919 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theon [1] | Θέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theon, the son of Artemidorus of Tarsus1, a follower of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, lived in the Augustan Age or in the final years of the Republican period (Bongelli 2000, p. 281) and led the philological school of Alexandria3 before Apion4 (Matth…

Asclepiades [1]

(7,837 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/10/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [1] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Tragilus Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The mention of Asclepiades in a survey of Isocrates’1 students by Plutarch2 (Plut. 55, 837c, 8-11) and Photius3 (Phot. Bibl. cod. 260, 486b 36-41) allows a generic dating to the 4th c. BCE. The existence of a work by Philochorus4 (wh…
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