Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Clemens

(1,392 words)

Author(s): Valente, Stefano
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Stefano Valente and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Clemens | Κλήμης Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: We have no biographical information about Clemens. His Latin name suggests to date him in the imperial period, probably between the 1st and 2nd c. CE. Only three citations of Clemens survive in some lexicographical works…

Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus

(4,659 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [2] Alexandrinus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, the son of Ammonius, was a student of Aristarchus1 and his successor as head of his school (Didymean scholion to Il. 10, 397-399a: ... Ἀμμωνίῳ τῷ διαδεξαμένῳ τὴν σχολήν). He engaged in Homeric2 exegesis…

Genethlius

(1,903 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Genethlius | Γενέθλιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Petra Date: second half of the 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The meagre biographical information that we have about the rhetorician Genethlius comes solely from the Suda1 lexicon (γ 132). He was the son of a man also named Genethlius and a native of the Palestinian cit…

Glaucon [1]

(1,984 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 01/03/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucon [1] | Γλαύκων Place of Origin: Tarsus Date: 3rd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucon is difficult to identify. He is cited in Sch. Il. 1, 1c (1, p. 4 Erbse) for the oxytonic accentuation of μῆνις, here supposed to be a mistake according to another trend of the ancient doctrine of accentuation (cf. Sch. C Dion. Thr. 169, 12 Hilg.1 πρῶτ…

Philippus [1]

(7,423 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 26/04/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philippus [1] | Φίλιππος Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Opus Date: 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Very little is known about the life of Philip of Opus (for an attempt to reconstruct it cf. Oldfather, Lokrika, p. 462). The essential information has been preserved by Diogenes Laertius1 (3, 37. 3, 46) and by the Suda lexicon2 (φ 418…

Persaeus

(8,614 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Persaeus | Περσαῖος Place of Origin: Citium Date: ca. 305-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Persaeus was a Stoic philosopher, a student of Zeno1 and, like him, a native of Citium. The majority of the information that we have about him comes from the Historia stoicorum of Philodemus2 ( PHerc. 1018) and from some passages of the section dedicated to…

Zenodotus [2]

(3,330 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 16/06/05. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenodotus [2] | Ζηνόδοτος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd/1st c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Zenodotus was born in Alexandria, and the Suda1 applies the epithet ὁ ἐν ἄστει to distinguish him from the better known Zenodotus of Ephesus2. He has been wrongly identified with Zenodotus3 the follower of C…

Cassius Longinus

(12,238 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Emesa (?) Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Cassius Longinus was a Neoplatonic philosopher, grammarian, and rhetor who was born between 200 and 213 CE (Brisson-Patillon 1994, pp. 5219-5220). The nomen Cassius is attested by the lexicon Suda

Orion

(27,034 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 20/05/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Orion | Ὠρίων Identity: BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Thebes (Egypt) Date: 5th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two very brief biographical entries that appear in the Suda1 (ω 188 and 189) under the heading Ὠρίων probably refer to the same person. The two entries attribute to an author with this name a gnomic collection entitled Ἀνθολόγιον b…

Metrodorus

(2,496 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 02/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Metrodorus | Μητρόδωρος Identity: Place of Origin: Lampsacus Date: 5th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Metrodorus was a student of the philosopher Anaxagoras1 (Diog. L. 2, 11), and so he has to be dated to the 5th c. BCE and to be considered distinct from the younger Epicurean2 Metrodorus3 who was also from Lampsacus. Metrodorus is mentioned in Plato’s4…

Onasander

(1,720 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Onasander | Ὀνάσανδρος (Ὀνήσανδρος) Identity: Perseus | BNP Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The spelling of the name of Onasander is disputed in the ancient sources: Johannes Lydus1 ( Mag. 1, 47) and the Tactica2 (14, 112) attributed to Leo VI3 record an Ὀνήσανδρος among the authors of military strategy, while the entry in the Suda4 (ο 386) pre…

Ammonius [4] Neoplatonicus

(8,200 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ammonius [4] Neoplatonicus | Ἀμμώνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: first half of the 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ammonius, son of Hermias1, was born in Alexandria and was a crucial figure of 6th c. CE Neo-Platonism: he attended the lectures of Proclus2 at Athens, and then he served as director of the Academy of Alexan…

Demetrius [4]

(3,479 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 12/02/2009 – (05/06/2009). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [4] | Δημήτριος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: ca. mid-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a grammarian of the Peripatetic school1 and his activity has been dated to the mid 1st c. BCE on the basis of his appearing in third place on a list of grammarians named Demetrius drawn up by Diogenes…

Telephus

(2,779 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 29/03/2006 – 16/09/09. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Telephus | Τήλεφος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Pergamum Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Telephus was a native of Pergamum and lived in the course of the 2nd c. CE reaching almost the age of 100 years, as is stated by Galen1, who speaks of the grammarian’s well-regulated life (6, pp. 333-334. pp. 379-380 [Kü…

Praxiphanes

(8,822 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Praxiphanes | Πραξιφάνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Mitylene Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Peripatetic philosopher and grammarian and the son of Dionysiphanes ( IG 11, 4, 613) or Dionysophanes (Clem. Str. 1, 16, 79, 3), Praxiphanes was, according to some sources (Clem. ibid.; V. Arati 3, p. 16, 11–16 Martin), a na…

Pamphila

(5,301 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pamphila | Παμφίλη Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Epidaurus Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The essential biographical information about Pamphila is contained in the Suda (π 139) and in cod. 175 of the Library of Photius1 we have information about her historiographical work. She was probably the daughter o…

Zoticus

(696 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zoticus | Ζωτικός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A figure known only from one passage of Porphyry1 ( Plot. 7, 12–14), Zoticus was a member of the circle of Plotinus2 and died a little before the philosopher himself, i.e., before 270 CE. His Neoplatonic3 education is reflected also in the works a…

Ptolemaeus [9] Platonicus

(4,519 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [9] Platonicus | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πλατωνικός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd-3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A Platonic philosopher named Ptolemy is mentioned in two texts of the Neoplatonist tradition: in a fragment within the On the Soul of Iamblichus1 (26, p. 54, 1–14 Finamore-Dillon) which is preserved by Stob…

Hippias [2]

(2,887 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hippias [2] | Ἱππίας Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Thasos Date: 5th-4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Almost nothing is known about this scholar apart from his birthplace (Thasos); as far as his dating, the sole useful detail we have is the terminus ante quem established by the mention of him by Aristotle1 ( Poet. 25, 1461a21-23). The actua…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…
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