Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Zenon [3]

(5,993 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 30/01/2012. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zenon [3] | Ζήνων Identity: Place of Origin: Sidon Date: ca. 150 BCE-ca. 70 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Zeno was a native of Sidon and a pupil of the Epicurean1 Apollodorus Kepotyrannos2 (ἀκροατὴς Ἀπολλοδώρου, Diog. Laert. 10, 25) but also attended the lectures of the Academic Carneades3 (Cic. ac. 1, 12, 46; cf. T. Dorandi, Ricerche sulla cronologia dei filosofi ellenistici, Stuttgart 1991, p. 52). He succeeded his teacher Apollodorus as scholarch of the Kepos of Athens between 110 and 105 BCE. In 79/78 BCE he had among his students Atticus4 and Cicero5, who termed him princeps Epicureorum and, repeating the words of Philo of Larissa6, coryphaeus Epicureorum (Cic. Nat. deor. 1, 21, 59). His pupils also included Philodemus of Gadara7 who, in the absence of direct citations of Zeno, is the principal source for the reconstruction of Zeno’s biography and philosophy, even if sometimes it is difficult to distinguish with absolute certainty the theories of the teacher from the specific contributions of his student. In 87 BCE Zeno witnessed the capture of Athens by Sulla…

Pythocles

(278 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 24/03/2006. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Pythocles | Πυθοκλῆς Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: ? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Nulla sappiamo di questo grammatico, noto per una sola attestazione negli scolî esegetici ad Il. 21, 18, dove egli pronuciava la sequenza ὁ δ’ ἔσθορε in modo che ὁ δέ costituissero un’unica parola: Pitocle intendeva che essa fosse impiegata in sostituzione della congiunzione καί, istituendo un parallelo con le forme ἠδὲ e ἰδέ,…

Pythocles

(300 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 24/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pythocles | Πυθοκλῆς Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know nothing of this grammarian; he is known to us only through one attestation in the exegetical scholia ad Il. 21, 18. There Pythocles pronounced the sequence ὁ δ’ ἔσθορε in such a way that ὁ δέ constituted one word: he understood this as a substitute for the conjunction καί, and …