Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Tyrannion [1] Maior

(16,598 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tyrannion [1] Maior | Τυραννίων ὁ πρεσβύτερος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 110/100-25 ca. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The majority of the information we have about the life of Tyrannion comes from the Suda (τ 1184). He was a native of Amisus in Pontus who lived in the time of Pompey the Great and died of gout at an advan…

Neleus

(4,402 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Neleus | Νηλεύς Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Scepsi Data: 4°–3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Figlio del Corisco più volte citato da Aristotele (cfr. Bonitz 1870, p. 405 e Gottschalk 2000, 809–810), secondo Strabone (13, 1, 54) Neleo era originario di Scepsi e fu allievo di Aristotele (=> Aristoteles [1]) e Teofrasto (<=). Stando a…

Andronicus

(5,790 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 22/12/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andronicus | Ἀνδρόνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 1st c. BCE. ↓ To Source List Biography: Andronicus was a Peripatetic1 philosopher, and his edition of Aristotle’s2 school writings constituted an essential milestone in the transmission of the corpus and fostered the rebirth of Aristotelianism3 in the imperial age. The sour…

Praxiphanes

(8,822 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Praxiphanes | Πραξιφάνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Mitylene Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Peripatetic philosopher and grammarian and the son of Dionysiphanes ( IG 11, 4, 613) or Dionysophanes (Clem. Str. 1, 16, 79, 3), Praxiphanes was, according to some sources (Clem. ibid.; V. Arati 3, p. 16, 11–16 Martin), a na…

Demetrius [2]

(13,084 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [2] | Δημήτριος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: born ca. 205 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a scholar and antiquarian from Scepsis in the Troad, and he had a wealthy and noble background, as Diogenes Laertius1, who calls him a φιλόλογος (5, 84) among other things, informs us. Strabo2 calls him a contemporary of Cra…

Aristodemus [3]

(3,112 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [3] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a grammarian1 and rhetorician2 of the 1st c. BCE and a cousin of Aristodemus, a lesser known grammarian of the 2nd-1st c. BCE3; he was the son of the Aristarchean Menecrates4 and was also a student of Aristarchus5…

Crates [1]

(30,768 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 18/06/2007 - 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Crates [1] | Κράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist V Place of Origin: Mallus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (κ 2342 = T 1 Broggiato), Crates was a native of Mallus (Cilicia) and “was a contemporary of Aristarchus (of Samothrace)2 in the time of Ptolemy (VI) Philometor3”, who ruled in Egypt from 180 to…

Menecrates [2]

(2,122 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [2] | Μενεκράτης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Strabo1 (14, 1, 48) mentions that a Menecrates from Nysa was a student of Aristarchus2 and the father of Aristodemus3 whom the young Strabo heard when he was an elderly man: from this information we can date Menecrates to the 2nd c. BCE. Some note…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,533 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax. Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hil…

Aristocles

(4,577 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristocles | Ἀριστοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Aristocles is included in a review of famous Rhodians by Strabo2 (14, 2, 13), who names him as one of his contemporaries (ὁ γραμματικὸς καὶ Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ καθ’ ἡμᾶς). We should probably identify th…

Euphronius

(10,764 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Novembri è stata pubblicata il 01/10/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Chersoneso? Data: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il nome di un Eufronio commentatore di poeti comici ricorre di frequente negli scolî ad Aristofane (ben 27 menzioni esplicite, di cui 14 nei soli scolî agli Uccelli e 9 in quelli alle Vespe), tuttavia non è facile comporre in un quadro coerente i dati che lo riguardan…

Neoptolemus

(11,899 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 11/02/2009 – (05/06/2009)–(02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoptolemus | Νεοπτόλεμος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Parium Date: 3th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neoptolemus was a Peripatetic1 glossographer2, poet, and literary critic; he was also a native of Parium, an Ionic colony lying on the coast of the Sea of Marmara and situated in …

Callimachus [1]

(17,043 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Luogo di provenienza: Cirene Data: 303 ca. – 240 ca. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Poeta e grammatico, nacque intorno al 303 a.C. e visse all’incirca fino al 240 (cfr. la menzione della guerra Laodicea del 246/245 nel fr. 110 Harder). La sua carriera si svolse per lo più ad Alessandria alla …

Arcadius

(3,781 words)

Author(s): Ercoles, Marco
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Marco Ercoles and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Arcadius | Ἀρκάδιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Antioch Date: 4th-5th c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Antioch, Arcadius’ career occurred at a time we are unable to identify precisely, but it must be before the compilation of the Ethnica of Stephanus of Byzantium1 (6th or, more probably, 5th c. CE: cf. Neri 2008, with bi…

Agatharchides

(11,524 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 08/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agatharchides | Ἀγαθαρχίδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Cnidus Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A web of information allows us to place the life of Agatharchides between 200 BCE (or a few years earlier) and the last decades of the 2nd c. BCE. In codex 213 of the Bibliotheca1 (p. 171a 6-171b 12), Photius2 states that Agatharch…

Tyrannion [1] Maior

(16,580 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 01/10/2020. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Tyrannion [1] Maior | Τυραννίων ὁ πρεσβύτερος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Amiso Data: 110/100-25 ca. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Ricaviamo la maggior parte delle informazioni sulla biografia di Tirannione dalla testimonianza della Suda (τ 1184). Egli era originario di Amiso nel Ponto, visse al tempo di Pompeo Magno e morì di gotta in età avanzata. Nell’indicazione cronologica fornita dalla Suda…

Stephanus

(6,603 words)

Author(s): Billerbeck, Margarethe | Clerc, Didier
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Margarethe Billerbeck and Didier Clerc and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Stephanus | Στέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Byzantium Date: 6th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Life and Works We have no detailed information about the life and activity of Stephanus of Byzantium, whom the Suda1 mentions only in the entry Ἑρμόλαος (ε 3048 = T 8). Our knowledge of the lexicographer2…

Callias

(2,555 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 3/10/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callias | Καλλίας Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Mytilene Date: 3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We do not know the date of Callias of Mytilene (ὁ Μυτιληναῖος in Ath. 3, 85f and P.Köln 2, 61). Athenaeus1 cites him in conjunction with Aristophanes of Byzantium2: some have wanted to see this connection as an indication of chro…

Hermogenes

(3,076 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 04/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermogenes | Ἑρμογένης Identity: BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Details about the life and the vast production of Hermogenes are known from an inscription from Smyrna ( CIG 3311 = Kaibel, Epigr. Gr. 305 = IGRom 4, 1445) that should have been his funerary epigraph: in it, after two intr…

Daphitas

(3,727 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Daphitas | Δαφίτας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Telmessus (Caria or Lycia?) Date: 3rd or 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Daphitas was a grammarian1 and sophist who was a native of Telmessus and whose dating wavers between the 3rd and 2nd c. BCE. The sources furnish different forms for his name too: Δαφίτας/ Daphitas (Strab. 14, 1, 39 [= C 647], Cic. De f…
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