Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Andronicus

(5,790 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 22/12/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Andronicus | Ἀνδρόνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: 1st c. BCE. ↓ To Source List Biography: Andronicus was a Peripatetic1 philosopher, and his edition of Aristotle’s2 school writings constituted an essential milestone in the transmission of the corpus and fostered the rebirth of Aristotelianism3 in the imperial age. The sour…

Praxiphanes

(8,822 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Praxiphanes | Πραξιφάνης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Mitylene Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A Peripatetic philosopher and grammarian and the son of Dionysiphanes ( IG 11, 4, 613) or Dionysophanes (Clem. Str. 1, 16, 79, 3), Praxiphanes was, according to some sources (Clem. ibid.; V. Arati 3, p. 16, 11–16 Martin), a na…

Pamphila

(5,301 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 02/04/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pamphila | Παμφίλη Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Epidaurus Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The essential biographical information about Pamphila is contained in the Suda (π 139) and in cod. 175 of the Library of Photius1 we have information about her historiographical work. She was probably the daughter o…

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Parmeniscus

(5,135 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and published on 01/10/2020. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmeniscus | Παρμενίσκος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ca. 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Despite the fact that practically nothing is known about the life of Parmeniscus, this grammarian of the Aristarchan1 school (cf. Blau 1883, p. 48) can be dated approximately to between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. Against Crates (Π…

Nicocles [2] Lacon

(2,220 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicocles [2] Lacon | Νικοκλῆς ὁ Λάκων Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know Nicocles Lacon only because he is cited twice by Didymus Chalcenterus1, who thus serves as a chronological terminus post quem non for him. In two passages of the Deipnosophistae2 (4, 17, 140d. 18, 141a), Athenaeus3 includes some criti…

Neoptolemus

(11,899 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 11/02/2009 – (05/06/2009)–(02/03/2010). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neoptolemus | Νεοπτόλεμος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Parium Date: 3th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neoptolemus was a Peripatetic1 glossographer2, poet, and literary critic; he was also a native of Parium, an Ionic colony lying on the coast of the Sea of Marmara and situated in …

Aristoxenus Tarentinus

(34,102 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 26/06/2006 – 21/04/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristoxenus Tarentinus | Ἀριστόξενος ὁ Ταραντῖνος Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | BNP Place of Origin: Tarentum Date: 370/365 BCE-? Biography: Aristoxenus, Ἀριστόξενος ὁ μουσικός, was born in Tarentum, the son of Spintharus1 (or Mnesias, which recent critics have identified as an abbreviated name derived from the verb μιμνήσκω …

Adrastus

(6,766 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Adrastus | Ἄδραστος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Aphrodisias Date: first half of the 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Adrastus was a Peripatetic philosopher1 and native of Aphrodisias in Caria who lived in the 2nd c. CE: the mention of Adrastus by Galen2 (ca. 130-ca. 200 CE) constitutes a terminus ante quem useful for dating the act…

Chamaeleon

(13,085 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Chamaeleon | Χαμαιλέων Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Heraclea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Heraclea of Pontus, Chamaeleon was, according to Tatian1 ( Or. 31), a student of the Peripatos. We should identify with this figure the Chamaeleon who, as is reported by Photius2 in an extract from the historian Memnon…

Callias

(2,555 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 3/10/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callias | Καλλίας Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Mytilene Date: 3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We do not know the date of Callias of Mytilene (ὁ Μυτιληναῖος in Ath. 3, 85f and P.Köln 2, 61). Athenaeus1 cites him in conjunction with Aristophanes of Byzantium2: some have wanted to see this connection as an indication of chro…

Antidorus

(2,609 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 19/09/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antidorus | Ἀντίδωρος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyme Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Immisch ( De gramm. principe, 1890, pp. 695-696) determined the correct name of this grammarian as Ἀντίδωρος. He had previously been referred to in manuscripts as “Αὐτόδωρος”, a reading that had been regarded as secure until …

Thoas

(722 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Thoas | Θόας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ithaca Date: ante 4th/3rd-2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Thoas is mentioned by Erotianus1 (73, 14), the sole source that speaks of him, with regard to the term πικέριον, a word of Phrygian2 origin that Hippocrates3 uses. The lexicographer4, forced to explain this term, notes that Thoas of Itha…

Alexander [1]

(7,792 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [1] | Ἀλέξανδρος Identity: Perseus | BNJ Place of Origin: Myndus Date: First half of the 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Nothing at all is known about the life of Alexander of Myndus, who for a long time was identified with Alexander Polyhistor1. Freudenthal ( Alex. Pol., 1875, pp. 18, 204) first made the distinction betwee…

Artemon [4]

(1,127 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 11/10/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Artemon [4] | Ἀρτέμων Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A person with the name Artemon is cited as author of a collection of Aristotle1’s letters by Demetrius2 ( De eloc. 223), by the commentators Elias3 ( In cat. 113, 14-16) and Olympiodorus4 ( Prol. 6, 11-13), as well as in the list of Aristotelian works compiled by a philosopher …

Glaucus [2]

(3,321 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucus [2] | Γλαῦκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Samos Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucus was a grammarian of the Alexandrian1 age who may have lived before Aristophanes of Byzantium2; some consider him a Peripatetic3 of the early 3rd c. BCE. He is mentioned explicitly in a long passage on the doctrine of accentuation4 with…

Isigonus

(4,003 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 28/07/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Isigonus | Ἰσίγονος Identity: Place of Origin: Nicaea Date: 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Nicaea, according to Pliny1 (nat. 7, 2, 12), Gellius2 (9, 4, 3–4), and Stephanus of Byzantium3 ( ν 52 Billerbeck, s.v .Νίκαια, where we should accept Holst’s conjecture of Ἰσίγονος for the preserved ἀρήγονος; cf. Billerbeck 2014, p. 38…

Neleus

(4,673 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Neleus | Νηλεύς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Neleus was the son of the Coriscus1 who is cited many times by Aristotle2 (cf. Bonitz 1870, p. 405 and Gottschalk 2000, 809–810); according to Strabo3 (13, 1, 54) Neleus was a native of Scepsis and a student of Aristotle and Theophrastus4. …

Callimachus [1]

(17,168 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Callimachus [1] | Καλλίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: ca. 303 – ca. 240 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Callimachus was a poet and grammarian1 who was born around 303 BCE and who lived until around 240 BCE (cf. the mention of the Laodicean War2 in 246/245 BCE in fr. 110a Harder3). His career was cente…
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