Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Philostephanus

(8,642 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostephanus | Φιλοστέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole biographical information for Philostephanus in our possession comes from Athenaeus1 (8, 331d–e), who calls him a native of Cyrene and a γνώριμος of Callimachus2, thus using the same term attested in P.Oxy.…

Minucianus

(26,724 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 03/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Minucianus | Μινουκιανός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Athens Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The exact identity of the rhetoric1 teacher and writer Minucianus, who is known from the commentaries on the works of Hermogenes2, is very difficult to ascertain. A date generally accepted in the past – that …

Philostephanus

(8,377 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Valeria Novembri è stata pubblicata il 07/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Philostephanus | Φιλοστέφανος Identità: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Cirene Data: 3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Le uniche notizie biografiche in nostro possesso su Filostefano derivano da Ateneo (8, 331d–e), che lo definisce originario di Cirene e γνώριμος di Callimaco, usando lo stesso termine attestato in P.Oxy. 1241, col. 2, rr. 2–3 per definire il rapport…

Lysimachus

(8,380 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysimachus | Λυσίμαχος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The information we have about Lysimachus is meager and uncertain. We do not know his city of origin: some sources call him an Alexandrian (ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς: Sch. Ap. Rh. 1, 558 and Sch. Soph. OC. 91), but this should probab…

Dexippus

(1,156 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 18/07/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dexippus | Δέξιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 4th c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Neoplatonic1 scholar Dexippus, a disciple of Iamblichus2 (Simp. in Cat. 8, 2, 25ff.), cannot be identified with certainty with the historian P\. Herennius Dexippus3, as Johannes Tzetzes4 seems to do ( Hist. 274, 490-494); this hypothe…

Posidonius [1]

(2,647 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 16/11/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Posidonius [1] | Ποσειδώνιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Known from a few surviving fragments, the grammarian Posidonius was an ἀναγνώστης of Aristarchus1, as we know from the scholia to the Iliad2 and Eustathius3, who drew on them ( Sch. Il. 6, 511a. 17, 75a, cf. Eustath. ad Il. 659, 15–18. 1096, 12–15). Thi…

Philogenes

(1,555 words)

Author(s): Bacigalupo, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Bacigalupo and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philogenes | Φιλογένης Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Philogenes is known only from rare references, and both his birthplace and his dating remain uncertain. In the absence of other useful information to identify him, we can say that his name occurs twice in the scholia vetera on the Alexandra of Lycophron1; a third citation, …

Isigonus

(4,003 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 28/07/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Isigonus | Ἰσίγονος Identity: Place of Origin: Nicaea Date: 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Nicaea, according to Pliny1 (nat. 7, 2, 12), Gellius2 (9, 4, 3–4), and Stephanus of Byzantium3 ( ν 52 Billerbeck, s.v .Νίκαια, where we should accept Holst’s conjecture of Ἰσίγονος for the preserved ἀρήγονος; cf. Billerbeck 2014, p. 38…

Dionysius [10] Cyclographus

(4,327 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [10] Cyclographus | Διονύσιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: Rhodes or Samos Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know from the Suda (δ 1881, FGrHist 15 T 1) that Dionysius was the son of Musonius, that he was from Rhodes or Samos, that he was a priest of the temple of Helios1, and that he was the author of Local …

Eumenes

(872 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Eumenes Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: Aspendus Date: 3rd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Eumenes of Aspendus appears in Philodemus’1 list of Academics ( Acad. Hist. p. 150, 9-10 Dorandi = P.Herc. 1021 col. S 32-33) as the author of a work Περὶ κωμῳδίας. From P.Herc. 1021, our sole source, though a lacunose one, about Eumenes, we l…

Alexander [5] Aetolus

(3,773 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Alexander [5] Aetolus | Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Αἰτωλός Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Pleuron Date: ca. 315-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 (α 1127 = test. 1 Snell-Kannicht = test. 1 Magnelli) tells us that Alexander Aetolus was born at Pleuron in Aetolia and that his parents were named Satyrus and Stratocleia. Elsewhere (α 3745 = test. 2 Snel…

Theon [1]

(39,344 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Theon [1] | Θέων Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: ? Data: 1° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Teone, figlio di Artemidoro di Tarso (=> Artemidorus [1]), seguace di Aristofane di Bisanzio (<=), visse in età augustea o negli ultimi anni del periodo repubblicano (Bongelli 2000, p. 281) e guidò la scuola filologica di Alessandria prima di Apione (<=) (Matth…

Lycophron

(8,253 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lycophron | Λυκόφρων Identity: Perseus | Wikipedia | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Chalcis on Euboea Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian1, a tragic writer2, and a member of the Pleiad, Lycophron was a native of Chalcis, the son of Socles, and the adoptive son of Lycus of Rhegium3. He wrote 64 or 46 tragedies; we know t…

Praxiphanes

(7,622 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 15/01/2007 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Praxiphanes | Πραξιφάνης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Mitylene Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Praxiphanes was a Peripatetic1 philosopher and grammarian; he was the son of Dionysiphanes (IG 11, 4, 613) or Dionysophanes (Clem. Str. 1, 16, 79, 3); according to some sources (Clem. ibid.; V. Arati 3, p. 16, 11-16 Martin) …

Demetrius [2]

(13,084 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [2] | Δημήτριος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Scepsis Date: born ca. 205 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius was a scholar and antiquarian from Scepsis in the Troad, and he had a wealthy and noble background, as Diogenes Laertius1, who calls him a φιλόλογος (5, 84) among other things, informs us. Strabo2 calls him a contemporary of Cra…

Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos

(10,085 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Χέννος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy, the son of a man named Hephaestion, was nicknamed Χέννος (“quail”) and was a native of Alexandria; he lived, according to the two entries about him in the Suda1, between the reigns of Nero2 ( Sud.ε 2004) and Hadrian…

Hephaestion

(6,092 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/12/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hephaestion | Ἡφαιστίων Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The biographical information that we have for the metrician1 Hephaestion is quite meager. O. Hense ( Hephaistion [n. 7], RE 8, 1 [1912], p. 295) thought that he was the son of Ptolemy Chennos2 and that his grandfather was th…

Menecrates [2]

(2,122 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [2] | Μενεκράτης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Strabo1 (14, 1, 48) mentions that a Menecrates from Nysa was a student of Aristarchus2 and the father of Aristodemus3 whom the young Strabo heard when he was an elderly man: from this information we can date Menecrates to the 2nd c. BCE. Some note…

Phidalius/Philalius

(2,615 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Martina Savio è stata pubblicata il 7/11/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Phidalius/Philalius | Φιδάλιος/Φιλάλιος Identità: Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Corinto Data: 1°/3° sec. d.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: L’autore è noto grazie a due frammenti della Chronographia di Giovanni Malala (5, 18 [87, 80-94 Thurn]; 5, 19 [89, 56-90, 72 Thurn]), che rappresenta quasi di certo la fonte di Giovanni Tzetze, il quale menziona Fidalio/Filalio due volte nel commento all’ Al…

Palaephatus

(17,889 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 7/02/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Palaephatus | Παλαίφατος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Parion or Abydus? Date: 4th c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The Suda1 lexicon lists four people under the name of Palaephatus. After the legendary Athenian epic poet2 who was the author of mythological poems (cf. Sud.π 69), there are three other authors behind whom lies only on…
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