Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Hypsicrates

(2,824 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hypsicrates | Ὑψικράτης Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE - 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 named Hypiscrates who is cited among others by Varro2 (LL 5, 88) and Stephanus of Byzantium3 (α 124 [Billerbeck], s.v.Αἰθίοψ) can plausibly be identified as the historian4 ( FGrHist 190 [BNJ]) who is m…

Heracleon [1]

(5,690 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 11/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heracleon [1] | Ἡρακλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Tilotis in Egypt Date: age of Augustus ↓ To Source List Biography: Heracleon was the son of Glaucus or Glaucon, as we learn from Stephanus of Byzantium1 ( s.vv. Ἀγυιά, Ἀρέθουσα, Κροκύλειον), and a native of Tilotis, an Egyptian village near Heracleopolis; he worked as a teacher at Rome (cf. Su…

Glaucus [2]

(3,321 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucus [2] | Γλαῦκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Samos Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucus was a grammarian of the Alexandrian1 age who may have lived before Aristophanes of Byzantium2; some consider him a Peripatetic3 of the early 3rd c. BCE. He is mentioned explicitly in a long passage on the doctrine of accentuation4 with…

Dionysius [2]

(7,135 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [2] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Sidon Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 who probably lived in the second half of the 2nd c. BCE and whom Sengebusch (1855, p. 30) included among Aristarchus' pupils2. He worked chiefly on the text of Homer3, dealing with textual, prosodic4, an…

Isigonus

(4,003 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 28/07/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Isigonus | Ἰσίγονος Identity: Place of Origin: Nicaea Date: 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Nicaea, according to Pliny1 (nat. 7, 2, 12), Gellius2 (9, 4, 3–4), and Stephanus of Byzantium3 ( ν 52 Billerbeck, s.v .Νίκαια, where we should accept Holst’s conjecture of Ἰσίγονος for the preserved ἀρήγονος; cf. Billerbeck 2014, p. 38…

Tyrannion [1] Maior

(13,790 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 01/12/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Tyrannion [1] Maior | Τυραννίων ὁ πρεσβύτερος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Amisus Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: A native of Amisus in Pontus, the grammarian Tyrannion lived in the time of Pompey the Great1, according to the Suda2 (τ 1184), and he died at an advanced age. In the date given by the Suda for his death, ὀλυμπιάδι ριηʹ, ἐ…

Menecrates [1]

(1,640 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Lara Pagani è stata pubblicata il 31/10/2005. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Menecrates [1] | Μενεκράτης Identità: Perseus | BNP Luogo di provenienza: Efeso Data: 4°–3° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Poeta e grammatico originario di Efeso, Menecrate fu maestro di Arato di Soli ( Sud. α 3745) e dovette perciò vivere tra il 4° e il 3° sec. a.C. Fu autore di un’opera in versi su agricoltura e apicoltura (a meno che i frammenti relativi a quest’ulti…

Aristodemus [3]

(3,112 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [3] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a grammarian1 and rhetorician2 of the 1st c. BCE and a cousin of Aristodemus, a lesser known grammarian of the 2nd-1st c. BCE3; he was the son of the Aristarchean Menecrates4 and was also a student of Aristarchus5…

Didymus [2] Claudius

(4,740 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Didymus [2] Claudius | Δίδυμος ὁ Κλαύδιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: The identity and even the very existence of a grammarian named Didymus Claudius are controversial. The sole attestation of the Greek name accompanied by the Latin cognomen appears in the pertinent entry of the Suda1 (δ 874), which al…

Parmeniscus

(4,742 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmeniscus | Παρμενίσκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ca. 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Although we know practically nothing about the life of Parmeniscus, the dating of this grammarian with Alexandrian1 tendencies can be fixed approximately between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. Against Crates (Πρὸς Κράτητα) was actually t…

Dionysius [15] Thrax

(17,533 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 28/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [15] Thrax | Διονύσιος ὁ Θρᾷξ Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria? Date: ca. 170-90 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Sources have given us scant and sometimes contradictory information about the life of Dionysius Thrax. Regarding his place of origin the Scholia Vaticana on the Techne (pp. 160, 24-161, 6 Hil…

Dionysius [2]

(6,936 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Claudio Meliadò è stata pubblicata il 01/11/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Dionysius [2] | Διονύσιος Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Sidone Data: seconda metà del 2° sec. a.C.? ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico vissuto probabilmente nella seconda metà del 2° sec. a.C. e inserito da Sengebusch 1855, p. 30 nella schiera dei discepoli di Aristarco. Lavorò soprattutto sul testo di Omero, trattando di problemi testuali, prosodici e g…

Aristocles

(4,577 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristocles | Ἀριστοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Aristocles is included in a review of famous Rhodians by Strabo2 (14, 2, 13), who names him as one of his contemporaries (ὁ γραμματικὸς καὶ Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ καθ’ ἡμᾶς). We should probably identify th…

Aristeas

(1,623 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 27/06/2007 - 25/07/2011. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristeas | Ἀριστέας Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Alexandrine age (1st c. BCE?) ↓ To Source List Biography: We can recover the native land of Aristeas of Rhodes from a passage of Erotianus1 that lists grammarians who composed lexicographical works on Hippocrates2 (p. 5, 16-18 Nachmanson); it names two figures who were born in Rhod…

Theodorus [1]

(7,330 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 22/12/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodorus [1] | Θεόδωρος Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Gadara Date: akmé ca. 33 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Theodorus was a native of Gadara in Coele Syria and the son of slaves ( Sud.θ 151); he was a rhetorician and reached his akmé ca. 33 BCE, the year in which he is registered in Jerome’s1 Chronicon among the “nobilissimi artis rhetoricae Gr…

Critolaus

(2,601 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 30/07/2016. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Critolaus | Κριτόλαος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: Jacoby 1922 attributes to a scholar named Critolaus a grammatical1 interpretation of the meaning of the phrase ἦ δ’ ὅς; it is ascribed by the lexicographical tradition to a Critolaus and to a Chares2 who cannot otherwise be identified (Phot. Lex.η…

Aristodemus [3]

(2,852 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Versione della scheda: La prima versione italiana di questa scheda di Paola Ascheri è stata pubblicata il 06/09/2018. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Aristodemus [3] | Ἀριστόδημος Identità: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Luogo di provenienza: Nisa (Caria) Data: 1° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Grammatico e retore del 1° sec. a.C., cugino dell’omonimo e meno noto grammatico del 2°–1° sec. a.C. (=> Aristodemus [2]), questo Aristodemo era figlio dell’aristarcheo Menecrate (=> Menecrates [2]) e fu anch’egli allievo d…

Aristocles

(4,087 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Versione della scheda: La versione italiana di questa scheda di Michele Corradi è stata pubblicata il 04/04/2019. Qui si trova la versione inglese della scheda. Grammatico: Nome: Aristocles | Ἀριστοκλῆς Identità: BNP Luogo di provenienza: Rodi Data: seconda metà del 1° sec. a.C. ↓ Elenco delle fonti Biografia: Il grammatico Aristocle è inserito in una panoramica di personalità rodie degne di fama da Strabone (14, 2, 13), che lo cita come suo contemporaneo (ὁ γραμματικὸς καὶ Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ καθ’ ἡμᾶς). Con questo Aristocle deve essere probabilmente identificato l’Aristocle ric…

Minucius Pacatus Irenaeus

(2,894 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 21/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Minucius Pacatus Irenaeus | Μινούκιος Πακᾶτος Εἰρηναῖος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Irenaeus, a student of the metrist Heliodorus1, flourished probably in the mid-1st c. CE. His dating can be partially defined by a terminus ante quem, i.e., the citation2 in the Hippocratean lexicon3 of Erotianus4 (cf. Coh…

Menecrates [1]

(1,669 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [1] | Μενεκράτης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Ephesus Date: 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Menecrates was a poet and a grammarian, native of Ephesus. Since he taught Aratus of Soli1 ( Sud.α 3745), he probably lived between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. He was the author of a poem on agriculture and apiculture (prov…
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