Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Philostephanus

(8,642 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philostephanus | Φιλοστέφανος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The sole biographical information for Philostephanus in our possession comes from Athenaeus1 (8, 331d–e), who calls him a native of Cyrene and a γνώριμος of Callimachus2, thus using the same term attested in P.Oxy.…

Glaucus [2]

(3,321 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 15/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Glaucus [2] | Γλαῦκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Samos Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Glaucus was a grammarian of the Alexandrian1 age who may have lived before Aristophanes of Byzantium2; some consider him a Peripatetic3 of the early 3rd c. BCE. He is mentioned explicitly in a long passage on the doctrine of accentuation4 with…

Dionysius [13] Scytobrachion

(3,793 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 28/08/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [13] Scytobrachion | Διονύσιος ὁ Σκυτοβραχίων Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Mitylene? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: It is not clear what the reason was for the nickname Scytobrachion, “Leather-arm”, which is attested in the Suda1, by Athenaeus2, and by Suetonius3 for the mythographer Dionysius, wh…

Amerias

(4,660 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/11/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amerias | Ἀμερίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Macedonia Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Amerias was a grammarian and lexicographer of the Alexandrine1 Age, and he is named by Eustathius2 ( ad Il. 757, 19-22) as one of the γλωσσογράφοι3, the group of scholars before Aristarchus4 who are often mentioned in the sources by this term.…

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Bacchius [1]

(1,343 words)

Author(s): Manetti, Daniela
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Daniela Manetti and first published on 11/09/2003. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Bacchius [1] | Βακχεῖος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Tanagra Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Bacchius was a doctor from Tanagra (Erot. 5, 1 Nachmanson), a student of Herophilus1, and a contemporary of Philinus of Cos2 (Gal. 18A 187 Kühn). The dating of this scholar depends partly on the statement that he used the Λέξεις of Aristophanes o…

Agallis

(2,234 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/03/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agallis | Ἀγαλλίς Identity: Place of Origin: Corcyra Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Agallis’ gender and the form of her name are known for certain from Athenaeus1 (1, 14d: Ἀγαλλὶς ἡ Κερκυραία), who allows us to recognize the Ἀναγαλλίς of the Suda2 (which is completely dependent on Athenaeus) as a corrupt reading and the Ἀγαλλίας ὁ Κερκυραῖος …

Hermippus [1]

(3,632 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 06/04/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hermippus [1] | Ἕρμιππος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Smyrna Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The Smyrnean origin of Hermippus, who is principally known for his biographical writings1, is attested by Athenaeus2 7, 327b. A quite secure date comes from his nickname Καλλιμάχειος, “student of Callimachus3”, whi…

Archestratus

(1,943 words)

Author(s): Ferreccio, Alessia
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Alessia Ferreccio and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Archestratus | Ἀρχέστρατος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: It seems likely that Archestratus, the author of a Περὶ αὐλητῶν in two books cited by Ath. 14, 634d, should be identified as the Archestratus mentioned by Philod. Mus. col. 137, 13-27 Delattre = 4, 23, 14 Kemke and by Porph. in Harm. 26, …

Lysanias

(2,785 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysanias | Λυσανίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Lysanias was a native of Cyrene and the teacher of his fellow citizen Eratosthenes1 ( Sud.ε 2898); this information dates him safely to the 3rd c. BCE. We know the title of only one of his works, his Περὶ ἰαμβοποιῶν, in several books; it i…

Euphronius

(9,190 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and first published on 20/04/2010. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Euphronius | Εὐφρόνιος Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Chersonese Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The name of a Euphronius who was a commentator on comic poets appears frequently in the scholia on Aristophanes1 (27 explicit mentions, fourteen of which are in the scholia on the Frogs2 alone and nine on the Wasps3), but it is no…

Ister [1]

(9,768 words)

Author(s): Regali, Mario
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Mario Regali and first published on 29/09/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ister [1] | Ἴστρος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Paphos? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The information that we have about Ister’s homeland is contradictory: the Suda1 (ι 706, FGrHist 334 T 1) wavers between Cyrene and Macedonia (Κυρηναῖος ἢ Μακεδών; the entry Ἴστρος in the Suda is in all likelihood the resul…

Ps.-Euclides

(2,482 words)

Author(s): Rocconi, Eleonora
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Eleonora Rocconi and first published on 23/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ps.-Euclides | [Ἐυκλείδος] Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Some Late Antique sources like Proclus1, Marinus2, and, in the Byzantine Era, Theodorus Metochites mention a work on music by the mathematician Euclides3 (Αἱ κατὰ μουσικὴν στοιχείωσις or Μουσικῆς στοιχεῖα). These testimonia have asserted that the au…