Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Heracleon [2]

(1,718 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 03/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heracleon [2] | Ἡρακλέων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ephesus Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: In the work of Athenaeus1 we find seven citations from a lexicographer named Heracleon of Ephesus, who at one point is mentioned along with Nicander ὁ Θυατειρηνὸς2, and in another instance with a certain Polemarchus (regarding this cf. also Heroti…

Dorotheus

(1,575 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 02/02/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dorotheus | Δωρόθεος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Ascalon Date: early Imperial age ↓ To Source List Biography: Dorotheus is mentioned as the author of a lexicon of Attic words entitled Λέξεων συναγωγὴ, Ἀττικὴ λέξις, or λέξεις Ἀττικαί; he reportedly dedicated a specific discussion to the Homeric1 use of the term κλίσιον (Porph. ad Od. 24, 208; S…

Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II

(4,629 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [6] VIII Euergetes II | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Εὐεργήτης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: post 182 – 116 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II was the son of Ptolemy V Epiphanes1 and Cleopatra I2, and he was the younger brother of Ptolemy VI Philometor3. The terminus post quem for his birth has been fixed…

Demetrius [14] Ixion

(9,664 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 24/08/2006 – (02/02/2009). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [14] Ixion | Δημήτριος ὁ Ἰξίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Adramyttium (Mysia) Date: 2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius of Adramyttium, nicknamed Ixion, is a figure whose dating is in dispute. The entry in the Suda1, which is derived from Hesychius Onomatologos2 (δ 430, s.v.), furnishes contradictory …

Amarantus

(3,291 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Amarantus | Ἀμάραντος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Athenaeus1 (10, 414f) identifies Amarantus as ὁ Ἀλεξανδρεύς, but we do not know if this is simply a reference to his homeland or rather (also) to the geographical and cultural realm of his activity. The terminus post quem for his date is drawn fro…

Agelochus

(679 words)

Author(s): Perrone, Serena
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Serena Perrone and first published on 02/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Agelochus | Ἀγέλοχος Place of Origin: ? Date: before 3rd c. CE. ↓ To Source List Biography: Apart from a citation in Athenaeus’1 Deipnosophistae (2, 54d) regarding a local name for chestnuts nothing is known about this grammarian. Meineke (1858-1867, ad loc. and 4, p. 28) corrected the name Ἀγέλοχος cited by Athenaeus to Ἀμφίλοχος , thus identifyin…

Nicocles [2] Lacon

(2,220 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 20/12/2015. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Nicocles [2] Lacon | Νικοκλῆς ὁ Λάκων Place of Origin: Laconia Date: 1st c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know Nicocles Lacon only because he is cited twice by Didymus Chalcenterus1, who thus serves as a chronological terminus post quem non for him. In two passages of the Deipnosophistae2 (4, 17, 140d. 18, 141a), Athenaeus3 includes some criti…

Lysanias

(2,785 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 12/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Lysanias | Λυσανίας Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Cyrene Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Lysanias was a native of Cyrene and the teacher of his fellow citizen Eratosthenes1 ( Sud.ε 2898); this information dates him safely to the 3rd c. BCE. We know the title of only one of his works, his Περὶ ἰαμβοποιῶν, in several books; it i…

Plutarchus [3]

(3,477 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 09/01/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Plutarchus [3] | Πλούταρχος Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian named Plutarch is presented by Athenaeus1 as a participant in the banquet of Larensis that frames the learned discussion of the Deipnosophists2. This circumstance places the figure, if we are in fact dealing with a real p…

Philemon [1]

(5,458 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 26/06/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Philemon [1] | Φιλήμων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Aixone Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Philemon was an Athenian glossographer1 (from the deme of Aixone) who is traditionally dated to the 3rd or 2nd c. BCE. He is cited twice by Tryphon2 ( ap. [Amm.] Diff. 405, s.v.πονηρόν and Hdn. Cath. pros. fr. 53 Hunger), who serves a…

Herodicus Crateteus

(10,339 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 21/08/2006 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Herodicus Crateteus | Ἡρόδικος ὁ Κρατήτειος Identity: Perseus Place of Origin: Babylonia (Seleucia on the Tigris?) Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Herodicus was a native of Babylonia (ὁ Βαβυλώνιος, Ath. 5, 222a; cf. Eustath. ad Il. 1077, 24-27), or perhaps of Seleucia on the Tigris, the new capital of the kingdom (so I. Düring, He…

Antiochus

(1,132 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Antiochus | Ἀντίοχος Identity: Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: ante 1st c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: A grammarian native to Alexandria, Antiochus is the author of a work on poets ridiculed in Middle Comedy1 (Περὶ τῶν ἐν τῇ μέσῃ κωμῳδίᾳ κωμῳδουμένων ποιητῶν). Athenaeus2 (11, 482c) refers to this work in a list of types of glasses a…