Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion

(4,435 words)

Author(s): Boatti, Anna
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Anna Boatti and first published on 23/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [8] Pindarion | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy son of Oroandes is often also called Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Πινδαρίων, and he lived and worked at Alexandria, where he was a student of Aristarchus1 (he is called μαθητὴς Ἀριστάρχου in Sud.π 3034); this allows us to d…

Democritus

(1,173 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Democritus | Δημόκριτος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Troezen Date: ante 2nd-3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: The two fragments that bear the name of Democritus of Troezen, preserved by the Certamen Homeri et Hesiodi1 and by Diogenes Laertius2, have been attributed until now to the grammarian3 Demetrius of Troezen4, on the basis of two authorit…

Asclepiades [2]

(13,547 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 - 15/01/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Asclepiades [2] | Ἀσκληπιάδης Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Myrlea (Bithynia) Date: 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Asclepiades was a native of Myrlea (later Apamea) in Bithynia and lived between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. He journeyed to Rome in the age of Pompey the Great1, to Alexandria in Egypt, and to Spain, …

Hellanicus

(1,822 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Hellanicus | Ἑλλάνικος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian Hellanicus is mentioned in the Suda1 (π 3035 = T 1 Montanari) as a pupil of Agathocles of Cyzicus2, who was in turn a student of Zenodotus3; and as the teacher of Ptolemy Epithetes4 (who was an opponent of Aristarchus of Samothrace5). He s…

Persaeus

(8,614 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 07/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Persaeus | Περσαῖος Place of Origin: Citium Date: ca. 305-? BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Persaeus was a Stoic philosopher, a student of Zeno1 and, like him, a native of Citium. The majority of the information that we have about him comes from the Historia stoicorum of Philodemus2 ( PHerc. 1018) and from some passages of the section dedicated to…

Demetrius [14] Ixion

(9,664 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and first published on 24/08/2006 – (02/02/2009). Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Demetrius [14] Ixion | Δημήτριος ὁ Ἰξίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Adramyttium (Mysia) Date: 2nd c. BCE (?) ↓ To Source List Biography: Demetrius of Adramyttium, nicknamed Ixion, is a figure whose dating is in dispute. The entry in the Suda1, which is derived from Hesychius Onomatologos2 (δ 430, s.v.), furnishes contradictory …

Dionysius [2]

(7,135 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [2] | Διονύσιος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Sidon Date: second half of the 2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: Dionysius was a grammarian1 who probably lived in the second half of the 2nd c. BCE and whom Sengebusch (1855, p. 30) included among Aristarchus' pupils2. He worked chiefly on the text of Homer3, dealing with textual, prosodic4, an…

Dionysius [10] Cyclographus

(4,327 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [10] Cyclographus | Διονύσιος Identity: Perseus | Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: Rhodes or Samos Date: 3rd/2nd c. BCE? ↓ To Source List Biography: We know from the Suda (δ 1881, FGrHist 15 T 1) that Dionysius was the son of Musonius, that he was from Rhodes or Samos, that he was a priest of the temple of Helios1, and that he was the author of Local …

Dionysius [11] Iambus

(2,963 words)

Author(s): Ucciardello, Giuseppe
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Giuseppe Ucciardello and first published on 13/10/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Dionysius [11] Iambus | Διονύσιος ὁ Ἴαμβος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We know very little about Dionysius ὁ Ἴαμβος: according to the Suda1 he was the teacher of Aristophanes of Byzantium2, along with Euphronius3 and Machon4; this favors a date in the mid-3rd c. BCE during the reign of Pto…

Xenon

(703 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Xenon | Ξένων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd-2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Xenon’s place in the critical stream of the Alexandrine Χωρίζοντες1 is attested by a passage of Proclus’2 Vita Homeri3 (p. 102, 2-6 Allen: T 1 Montanari = Hellanikos T 2 Montanari), which associates Xenon with Hellanicus4 in doubting Homeric5 authorship of the O…

Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos

(10,085 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Ptolemaeus [4] Chennos | Πτολεμαῖος ὁ Χέννος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Alexandria Date: 1st-2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Ptolemy, the son of a man named Hephaestion, was nicknamed Χέννος (“quail”) and was a native of Alexandria; he lived, according to the two entries about him in the Suda1, between the reigns of Nero2 ( Sud.ε 2004) and Hadrian…

Timolaus

(1,369 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 25/05/2007. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Timolaus | Τιμόλαος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Larissa Date: 4th / 4th-3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: According to the Suda1 (τ 626), Timolaus was a rhetorician and a student of Anaximenes of Lampsacus2; this fact allows us to date his career to the end of the 4th or between the 4th and 3rd c. BCE. His birthplace is named by the Suda as Larissa “ἐκ Μακ…

Aristodemus [3]

(3,112 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 06/09/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristodemus [3] | Ἀριστόδημος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa (Caria) Date: 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Aristodemus was a grammarian1 and rhetorician2 of the 1st c. BCE and a cousin of Aristodemus, a lesser known grammarian of the 2nd-1st c. BCE3; he was the son of the Aristarchean Menecrates4 and was also a student of Aristarchus5…

Menecrates [2]

(2,122 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 31/10/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Menecrates [2] | Μενεκράτης Identity: BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Nysa Date: 2nd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Strabo1 (14, 1, 48) mentions that a Menecrates from Nysa was a student of Aristarchus2 and the father of Aristodemus3 whom the young Strabo heard when he was an elderly man: from this information we can date Menecrates to the 2nd c. BCE. Some note…

Parmeniscus

(4,742 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/06/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Parmeniscus | Παρμενίσκος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ca. 2nd-1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Although we know practically nothing about the life of Parmeniscus, the dating of this grammarian with Alexandrian1 tendencies can be fixed approximately between the 2nd and 1st c. BCE. Against Crates (Πρὸς Κράτητα) was actually t…

Porphyrius

(6,818 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: ca. 234-304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Porphyry was born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 20981. 20992) or at Batanea, in modern Syria. His birth name was Malchus – from the Semitic root that means “king” – in honor of his father. The name …

Pius

(2,827 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 16/02/2006. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Pius | Πῖος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: The dating of Pius remains essentially uncertain; the activity of the grammarian was initially dated shortly before the end of the 2nd c. CE (A. Gudeman, Scholien, RE 2A 1 [1921], 662), a hypothesis shared also by Hiller ( Pius, 1869 , pp. 93ff.); Richter ( Interpr. Gr., 1…

Phidalius/Philalius

(2,916 words)

Author(s): Savio, Martina
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Martina Savio and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Phidalius/Philalius | Φιδάλιος/Φιλάλιος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNJ Place of Origin: Corinth Date: 1st/3rd c. CE? ↓ To Source List Biography: This author is known to us from two fragments of the Chronographia of John Malalas1 (5, 18 [87, 80-94 Thurn]; 5, 19 [89, 56-90, 72 Thurn]), who is almost certainly the source of John Tzetzes2, who mentions Phidal…

Achilles [Tatius]

(3,489 words)

Author(s): Rossetti, Matteo
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Matteo Rossetti and published on 01/11/2018. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Achilles [Tatius] | Ἀχιλλεὺς [Τάτιος] Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd/3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: This grammarian1 is dated to ca. 2nd/3rd c. CE (this dating was proposed also by Martin 1956 , p. 132): the first testimonium about a work by Achilles on the sphaera barbarica appears in Firmicus Maternus2 ( Math. 4, 17 ,12), …

Megaclides

(6,481 words)

Author(s): Pagani, Lara
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Lara Pagani and first published on 20/02/2006 – 09/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Megaclides | Μεγακλείδης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Athens? Date: second half of the 4th c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Megaclides was a grammarian of the Peripatetic1 school who lived in the second half of the 4th c. BCE (Tat. Or. 31, 2; Eus. PE. 10, 11, 3). The content of some of the fragments gives us the impression that he…
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