Lexicon of Greek Grammarians of Antiquity

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Cassius Longinus

(11,118 words)

Author(s): Castelli, Carla
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Carla Castelli and first published on 03/06/2008. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Cassius Longinus | Κάσσιος Λογγῖνος Identity: Perseus | BNP | FGrHist IV Place of Origin: Emesa (?) Date: (210-213? - 272/273 CE) ↓ To Source List Biography: Cassius Longinus was a Neoplatonic1 philosopher, grammarian, and rhetorician. His nomen Cassius is attested by the lexicon Suda2 (λ 645), which documents also his familial connection to Front…

Praxiphanes

(7,622 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and first published on 15/01/2007 – 23/09/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Praxiphanes | Πραξιφάνης Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Mitylene Date: 4th/3rd c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: Praxiphanes was a Peripatetic1 philosopher and grammarian; he was the son of Dionysiphanes (IG 11, 4, 613) or Dionysophanes (Clem. Str. 1, 16, 79, 3); according to some sources (Clem. ibid.; V. Arati 3, p. 16, 11-16 Martin) …

Zoticus

(696 words)

Author(s): Novembri, Valeria
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Valeria Novembri and published on 7/11/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Zoticus | Ζωτικός Identity: Pauly-Wissowa Place of Origin: ? Date: 3rd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: A figure known only from one passage of Porphyry1 ( Plot. 7, 12–14), Zoticus was a member of the circle of Plotinus2 and died a little before the philosopher himself, i.e., before 270 CE. His Neoplatonic3 education is reflected also in the works a…

Porphyrius

(6,818 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 29/05/2005. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Porphyrius | Πορφύριος Identity: Perseus | BNP | BNJ Place of Origin: Tyre Date: ca. 234-304 CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Porphyry was born around 232/4 CE at Tyre ( Sud. π 20981. 20992) or at Batanea, in modern Syria. His birth name was Malchus – from the Semitic root that means “king” – in honor of his father. The name …

Aristocles

(4,577 words)

Author(s): Corradi, Michele
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Michele Corradi and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Aristocles | Ἀριστοκλῆς Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Rhodes Date: Second half of the 1st c. BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: The grammarian1 Aristocles is included in a review of famous Rhodians by Strabo2 (14, 2, 13), who names him as one of his contemporaries (ὁ γραμματικὸς καὶ Ἀριστοκλῆς ὁ καθ’ ἡμᾶς). We should probably identify th…

Theodorus [3]

(1,807 words)

Author(s): Meliadò, Claudio
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Claudio Meliadò and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Theodorus [3] | Θεόδωρος Place of Origin: Soli Date: ? ↓ To Source List Biography: A philosopher1 and mathematician2 from Soli, Theodorus was the author of a commentary on Plato’s3 Timaeus, in which he examined the mathematical theories present in the philosopher’s works (cf. Plut. De def. or. 32, 427a: ἐξηγούμενος τὰ μαθηματικὰ τοῦ Πλάτωνος). In dial…

Albinus

(4,856 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 08/10/2002. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Albinus | Ἀλβῖνος Identity: BNP Place of Origin: ? Date: 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Albinus was a student of Gaius, a representative of Middle Platonism1, and an active teacher: Galen2 was one of his students when he moved from Pergamum to Smyrna in 151-152 CE to pursue his medical studies (Gal. Libr. 2: 19, 16 Kuhn). What we know of Albinus…

Adrastus

(6,766 words)

Author(s): Ascheri, Paola
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Paola Ascheri and published on 04/04/2019. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Adrastus | Ἄδραστος Identity: Pauly-Wissowa | BNP Place of Origin: Aphrodisias Date: first half of the 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Adrastus was a Peripatetic philosopher1 and native of Aphrodisias in Caria who lived in the 2nd c. CE: the mention of Adrastus by Galen2 (ca. 130-ca. 200 CE) constitutes a terminus ante quem useful for dating the act…

Heraclides [1]

(4,848 words)

Author(s): Ippolito, Antonella
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Antonella Ippolito and first published on 12/04/2005 – 07/05/2009. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Heraclides [1] | Ἡρακλείδης Identity: Perseus | BNP Place of Origin: Heracleia Pontica Date: ca. 390–ca. 310 BCE ↓ To Source List Biography: We can deduce the date of Heraclides from the testimonia only with a certain degree of difficulty. Amid the more useful information furnished by the sources is the notice – preserved by the Suda

Harpocration [2]

(3,819 words)

Author(s): Montana, Fausto
Entry Version: This is the English version of this article translated by Patrick Hogan. The original Italian version was written by Fausto Montana and first published on 30/11/2004. Here is the Italian version of this entry. Grammarian: Name: Harpocration [2] | Ἁρποκρατίων Identity: BNP Place of Origin: Argos Date: ca. late 2nd c. CE ↓ To Source List Biography: Harpocration was an exponent of Middle Platonism1 and a student of Atticus2. Proclus3 ( in Remp. 2, p. 96, 11-13 Kroll) mentions him among τῶν Πλατωνικῶν οἱ κορυφαῖοι in the era before Porphyry4. Within these restrictions he is…